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CAB Reviews

A reviews journal covering agriculture, global health, nutrition, natural resources and veterinary science

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Many reasons are being advanced for the current 'food crisis' including financial speculation, increased demand for grains, export bans on selected foodstuffs, inadequate grain stocks, higher oil prices, poor harvests and the use of crop lands for the production of biofuels. This paper reviews the...

Author(s)
Gregory, P. J.; Ingram, J. S. I.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources, 2008, 3, 099, pp 1-10

International surveillance of antimicrobial use in food animal production shows that methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), traditionally a human pathogen associated with hospitals, has emerged in the community and animals. Since 1961, MRSA has been causing human infections in...

Author(s)
Broens, E. M.; Cleef, B. A. G. L. van; Graat, E. A. M.; Kluytmans, J. A. J. W.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources, 2008, 3, 095, pp 1-12

Avian influenza viruses (AIVs) are a continuously evolving group of RNA viruses with segmented genomes. Although AIV is thought to originate from wild bird populations, the capacity for ready mutation and adaptation to mammalian hosts makes AIV both a potential agricultural and public health risk....

Author(s)
Collisson, E. W.; Singh, S.; Drechsler, Y.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources, 2008, 3, 088, pp 1-17

As carbon becomes a valuable commodity traded in markets for greenhouse-gas emissions, there will be incentives to adopt land uses that capture carbon payments as well as produce other marketable outputs, including biofuels. These production systems may be more sustainable than many of those in...

Author(s)
Cacho, O.; Hean, R.; Karanja, F.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources, 2008, 3, 077, pp 1-17

Many causes have been proposed for the recent food crises that are currently afflicting the world, especially the developing countries. These causes include both the demand- and supply-side factors. One major cause identified was low productivity of agriculture, which has led to the inability of...

Author(s)
Asenso-Okyere, K.; Babu, S.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources, 2008, 3, 100, pp 1-11

The immune system protects the body against pathogens and cancer cells, thereby defending it against infections and diseases via three main components: epithelial barriers, immune cells and proteins including antibodies. Immune defences are constantly active and consist of a complex network of...

Author(s)
Maggini, S.; Beveridge, S.; Sorbara, P. J. P.; Senatore, G.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources, 2008, 3, 098, pp 1-21

Here, we present an overview of two decades of work on the interactions between grapefruit juice (GFJ) and drugs, particularly on the mechanisms of these interactions and the interacting components in GFJ. We describe classical examples where GFJ enhances intestinal absorption of drugs, as well as...

Author(s)
Uesawa, Y.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources, 2008, 3, 097, pp 1-6

The use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in agriculture has been controversial since the late 1990s, and the question of how to regulate the products of modern agricultural biotechnology is central to that debate. Aside from potential impacts on human health and the environment, regulators...

Author(s)
Ramjoué, C.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources, 2008, 3, 096, pp 1-10

Owing to increased global urbanization, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) initiated a study on the relationship between the urban green resource, with a primary focus on urban and peri-urban forests and greening (UPFG), and urban livelihood and poverty alleviation in...

Author(s)
Knuth, L.; Randrup, T. B.; Gauthier, M.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources, 2008, 3, 094, pp 1-13

This text examines changes in opinions on genetically modified organisms (GMOs) over the past ten years in the EU and the USA. Divergence in opinion on this topic makes it difficult to define common policies and has led to conflicts. The results of diverse surveys and polls taken repeatedly over...

Author(s)
Bonny, S.
Publisher
CABI, Wallingford, UK
Citation
CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources, 2008, 3, 093, pp 1-17

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