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CABI Websites Terms and Conditions

These Terms and Conditions apply to the use of all CABI (and ‚ÄúCAB International‚ÄĚ) websites, applications, products and services (‚ÄúServices‚ÄĚ or individually a ‚ÄúService‚ÄĚ) that link to these Terms and Conditions and that are provided by any part of CABI, including, worldwide.

If you access or use any of these Services, you agree to abide by these Terms and Conditions as provided online at the time of your use. These Terms and Conditions include CABI’s Privacy Policy and any other guidelines, policies, or additional terms or disclaimers that are included on the Service you are using and which may be updated from time to time. You should not use the Services if you do not agree to be bound by these Terms and Conditions.

Use of CABI’s Services

Users acknowledge that their unauthorised use or misuse of any CABI-owned or hosted Content and Services, including but not limited to, websites and portals could cause CABI or other users irreparable harm. Any unauthorised use of any of these Services or other breach of these Terms and Conditions shall automatically terminate any licence or permission granted to you by CABI. In addition, CABI reserves the right, but is not obligated to, investigate any potential violations of its Terms and Conditions and/or any behaviour that is potentially unlawful, and such investigations may involve co-operation with law enforcement authorities.

CABI reserves the right to exercise editorial control over the Content in its Services and users may not use the Services to publish or distribute any information (including software or other content) which is defamatory, abusive, hateful, profane, pornographic, threatening or vulgar, illegal, violates or infringes upon the rights of any other person, contains errors, viruses or other harmful components, or which is otherwise actionable at law.

The availability of CABI’s websites at all times is not guaranteed. In particular, the websites may be temporarily unavailable for maintenance or technical reasons without this giving rise to any claims against CABI.

User Obligations

Users may:

  • Use any CABI Services, including but not limited to, its sites or portals but must do so with respect for other users as well as for CABI
  • Only distribute other people‚Äôs personal details if they give their consent and such data may only be used under applicable laws and regulations.
  • Reuse content (‚ÄúContent‚ÄĚ) in any of the Services for personal, non-commercial, informational or scholarly use, but must retain and not alter all copyright and other proprietary notices
  • Where allowed under relevant licences or agreements, search, display and view on screen, download, print or email retrieved content for the purposes of research, teaching or private study and not for commercial use (‚ÄúProhibited use‚ÄĚ).

Users must give appropriate credit to people and other third-party providers for the use of their information or data elsewhere, as allowed under applicable laws and regulations, and this should be correctly cited.

Users wishing to reuse articles or abstracts for purposes other than classroom or instructional use should contact CABI to obtain written permission (please see the Permissions section below for more details on how to do this)

Prohibited Use

Users may not:

  • Use the Services in any way to send unsolicited or unauthorised material to anyone
  • Use CABI, its logo or any other marks in any way to suggest an affiliation with or endorsement by CABI of any individual, organisation, product, service, or research.
  • Undertake systematic downloading and/or archiving, including the copying of more than two copies of a CABI article or abstract unless this is for classroom or instructional use
  • Use individual articles or abstracts for the purposes of monetary reward by means of sale, resale, loan, transfer, hire or other form of exploitation of the licenced materials, and may not be systematically supplied or distributed onward from the site of the user
  • Use technical and other measures to systematically download, retrieve, reverse engineer or any other action as applied to CABI‚Äôs Content and Services in order to circumvent CABI‚Äôs security measures or to produce any derivative and other competing products or services, including but not limited to, collections, compilations, databases or directories.
  • Sell, rent or license CABI‚Äôs Content and Services in any medium, or use for the purposes of advertising and promotion, except as otherwise expressly permitted under these Terms and Conditions, or any relevant licence or agreement or authorisation by CABI
  • Attempt to gain unauthorised access to any portion or feature of the Content and Services, any other systems or networks connected to the Services or to any CABI server or third-party servers hosting its Services
  • Probe, scan or test the vulnerability of the Services, including but not limited to, CABI‚Äôs websites, or any network connected to them, or breach or attempt to breach the security or authentication measures on the Services or any network connected to the Services.

Intellectual Property


Unless otherwise stated, CABI, CAB International, and where applicable,, is the copyright holder for all its Content and Services, including, but not limited to, its databases, internet resources, compendia, books, text, graphics, images, videos, audio, trademarks, logos, computer code, ‚Äúlook and feel‚ÄĚ, and other information, in any form or medium, including derivatives thereof, now known or hereafter devised. These intellectual property rights (IPR) owned by CABI, CAB International,, its licensors and other content providers is protected by copyright, trademark and other intellectual property and unfair competition laws. Agreements with CABI do not give other parties the right, title or interest to acquire such IPR other than as expressly provided in the Agreements.

By submitting journals and books for inclusion in CABI’s databases and related products, you accept that CABI holds the copyright for the abstract records it produces as a result of abstracting your material.

Book authors grant CABI the exclusive right for the legal period of copyright to produce and publish the work and book editors assign copyright and all other intellectual property rights to CABI. Authors and editors who are subject to Crown Copyright or work for a US government department or agency give CABI a licence or grant limited copyright terms for the publication of their contributions. For more information, please see the author guidance or contact the books editorial team.

CABI takes copyright very seriously and will act, if necessary, to protect and defend its authors’ work and their reputation by getting infringing material taken down. CABI also takes allegations of plagiarism, ethic disputes and fraud very seriously. If an author becomes aware of a possible infringement or plagiarism, they should contact their CABI publishing contact in the first instance.

CABI also takes seriously the need to ensure that any material we publish does not infringe the copyright of others and that all necessary permissions have been granted for use of third-party material in CABI products and services.

Permissions and Permissions Enquiries

Material published by CABI is subject to all applicable copyright, database protection, and other rights so you will need to seek permission if you wish to re-use any of this material, whether it is in any printed or electronic publication, or for other uses. Such material will include, but is not limited to, text, illustrations, tables, charts, photographs or other material, and, depending upon the circumstances, may be re-used for commercial or non-commercial purposes. Whatever the purpose, you must properly acknowledge and reference CABI as the original source of the material thus: Author(s)/Editors(s); Year of publication; Title; Publisher (CAB International, Wallingford, UK).

Requests to reuse content from CABI are now being processed through PLSclear. Please visit to complete your request. If you are writing for another publisher who is also a signatory of the STM Permissions Guidelines, please ensure you use the STM workflow on PLSclear. The Copyright Clearance Center (CCC) has also incorporated an STM workflow.

If you are unable to fulfil your permissions request through this service, please email giving clear information about what CABI content you would like to request, including, where applicable, figure or table number, page number, chapter, book title, authors/editors, year of publication, datasheet or factsheet title, number and URL, distribution map title, number and URL. Please state how you would like to reuse the content, including attaching copies of proposed modified content and publication details such as publisher, type of publication, name of publication, estimated date of publication and circulation, languages and territories. While CABI undertakes to process permissions requests in a timely manner, failure to provide all the relevant information could result in lengthy delays in processing such requests. Please note that the majority of items in CABI’s databases have not been published by CABI and so we do not hold the rights to the original articles or books. Please also check carefully the cited copyright for any item, including those in datasheets and factsheets, and do not request permission from CABI to use any items for which CABI is not the stated copyright-holder.

CABI is a signatory to the STM Permissions Guidelines, which enables permission to be granted by one STM signatory publisher to another for the re-use of limited amounts of material from published works in other publications. Further information on the guidelines, including details of excluded content, and an up-to-date list of the STM signatory publishers can be found here. Please note that co-signatories of the Guidelines still need to clear permissions with CABI.

Buying rights

CABI is willing to sell certain rights for its books, particularly for translations. CABI is also willing to consider translations of abridged versions of our books. If you wish to purchase rights, including translations for any of CABI’s books, please visit our page on Frankfurt Rights where you will be guided through the purchase process.


CABI is registered with the Information Commissioner’s Office in the UK for the purpose of collecting and storing personal information about its customers and subscribers. CABI does not, under any circumstances, sell, trade or rent personal details to any other third party. For more information about CABI’s undertakings on privacy, please read our Privacy Policy. For information about the use of cookies on CABI’s websites, please read our Cookie Policy.

CABI uses commercially reasonable, industry-standard measures to protect the security of its websites and services. Despite these measures, CABI cannot guarantee that unauthorised persons will not be able to defeat its security measures. Your access to some of our Content and Services may be password-protected. To maintain the security of information contained in the websites and services, including personal information, you must keep your username(s) and password(s) strictly confidential and not disclose them to anyone. You will be solely responsible for any action, activities, and access to CABI’s Services that are taken using your username and password and that occurred before you notified us of their loss. If you become aware of any security breach of your password or of the security of CABI’s websites or services, you must contact CABI as soon as possible at

Disclaimer and Liability

Although CABI has taken reasonable care to ensure that the information, data and other material made available online and in its other products and services is error-free and up to date, it accepts no responsibility for corruption to the information, data and other material thereafter, including but not limited to any defects caused by the transmission or processing of the information, data and other material. The information made available online, including any expression of opinion and any projection or forecast, has been obtained from or is based upon sources believed by CABI to be reliable but is not guaranteed as to accuracy or completeness. The information is supplied without obligation and on the understanding that any person who acts upon it or otherwise changes his/her position in reliance thereon does so entirely at his/her own risk. Information supplied is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional or medical advice. CABI provides the content on this website and in its Content and Services ‚Äúas is‚ÄĚ and without any warranties or representations of any kind (express, implied and statutory, including but not limited to the warranties of title and noninfringement and the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose), all of which CABI and its suppliers and licensors disclaim to the fullest extent permitted by law. Your use of the Services and all content and submissions included in or accessible from the Services are at your sole risk.

The presentation of material in CABI products and sites does not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of CABI concerning the legal status of any country, area or territory or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its borders. The depiction and use of boundaries, geographic names and related data shown on maps and included in lists, tables and datasheets on this website are not warranted to be error free nor do they necessarily imply official endorsement or acceptance by the CABI. The term ‚Äúcountry‚ÄĚ as used in the presentation of maps, lists, tables and texts also refers, as appropriate, to territories or areas.

The information on bioprotection products contained in CABI products and sites/portals is for informational purposes only. Whilst every effort is made to ensure the accuracy of the information CABI cannot be held responsible for any omission of data or any error in product or company details shown. Furthermore, CABI cannot be held responsible for the ineffectiveness or any accident that may result from the use of a cited product.

Advertising disclaimer

Any advertising that may appear on any CABI online product is entirely independent of any relationship between CABI and other publishers or external suppliers, and does not imply in any way an endorsement of the advertiser's products or services by CABI.


In some cases, access to all of CABI's Content and Services is provided on the understanding that users have read and are willing to abide by an additional licence or other agreement, which covers a broad set of conditions of purchase. These licences and agreements are designed to make it clear to users of our products what they may and may not do with the Content provided to them as part of their subscription or purchase (general permitted and prohibited use of CABI’s online products are shown below). Some of these licences and agreements will include these Website Terms and Conditions (where applicable). If you have any queries, please email with your question.

Individual sales licence and other agreements will be agreed by negotiation and completed with details of individual subscriptions and access rights, among other things. When subscribing, only one Licence Agreement is required per site; details of all subscribed products should be entered into Schedule 1 of the Agreement. Please email for a copy of the relevant standard licence for the product you would like to purchase or if you have any queries.

Selected Content is subject to Creative Commons licensing.

Text in the Invasive Species Compendium is published under a CC-BY-NC-SA 4.0 licence.

Pest Risk Analysis output reports from the Crop Protection Compendium are published under a CC-BY licence, where users have given explicit permission to share them.

Plantwise Knowledge Bank
Technical factsheets are published under a CC-BY-NC-SA 4.0 licence.

Pest Management Decision Guides and Plantwise Factsheets for Farmers are published under a CC-BY-SA 4.0 licence.

Compendia and the Plantwise Knowledge Bank
Distribution data downloads from all Compendia and the Plantwise Knowledge Bank, and Horizon Scanning Tool CSV downloads, are published under a CC-BY-NC-SA 4.0 licence.

Plantwise Knowledge Bank - Data accuracy

View this page in Spanish Términos y condiciones or French: Conditions générales

Although the greatest care is undertaken in the preparation of content, users of the Plantwise Knowledge Bank accept that inconsistencies or inaccuracies of data may be noted. Wherever possible we link to the original source or reference of a plotted pest incidence, and users are required to use their judgement on the validity of that source. We are constantly developing our import mechanisms and display mechanisms to improve on accuracy, and value any feedback you can give. Access to this material is subject to CABI's Terms & Conditions.

Please contact to send us your feedback. For example:

  • If you believe a plotted pest point in a country is inaccurate
  • If you believe there has been a verified instance of a pest in a region, and it is not currently plotted on Plantwise
  • If you have any other feedback on the Plantwise Knowledge Bank

Fall Armyworm Research Collaboration Portal

Use of this portal and its content is governed by a CC BY 4.0 licence and you should read the licence terms at to ensure that you understand and comply with the licence. Under the terms of this licence, users may use the content contained in the portal but must attribute the originators of the information and data and the site. Users who deposit content in the portal still own that content but agree to its use, both in the portal and elsewhere, under the terms of the CC BY 4.0 licence.

Users may not violate any national and international rules and regulations governing the export and re-export of commodities or technical data. Users may not upload or transmit any data, content, or material that infringes or misappropriates any person's copyright, patent, trademark, or trade secret, or disclose via the portal any information the disclosure of which would constitute a violation of any confidentiality obligation on their part. Users may not upload any viruses, worms, Trojan horses, or other forms of harmful computer code, nor subject CABI’s networks or servers to unreasonable traffic loads, or otherwise engage in conduct deemed disruptive to the ordinary operation of CABI’s websites and services. Users are strictly prohibited from communicating on or through this portal any unlawful, harmful, offensive, threatening, abusive, libellous, harassing, defamatory, vulgar, obscene, profane, hateful, fraudulent, sexually explicit, racially, ethnically, or otherwise objectionable material of any sort, including, but not limited to, any material that encourages conduct that would constitute a criminal offence, give rise to civil liability, or otherwise violate any applicable national or international law. Users are further prohibited from harvesting addresses, email addresses, or other personal data for commercial purposes and from sending unsolicited or unauthorised advertising, promotional materials, or other unsolicited communications to other users of this portal or any of CABI’s websites or services. Users may not deposit, edit, modify, or otherwise use any data in a manner that makes it false, incomplete or misleading, except to anonymise or protect identifying information as required by ethical or legal prescriptions for sharing data. Users may not manipulate identifiers to disguise the origin of any data.