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CAB Reviews

A reviews journal covering agriculture, global health, nutrition, natural resources and veterinary science

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Potato production from true (sexual) seed appears to be promising, especially in the warm tropics of the developing world. Potato breeding for true seed production requires changes in breeding methods and objectives. Potato breeding populations for production from true seed must combine plant...

Author(s)
Ortiz, R.
Citation
Plant Breeding Abstracts, 1997, 67, 10, pp 1355-1360

The pulse crops (grain legumes) are widely grown in varying conditions with low and irregular yields. There is a need to restructure existing plant types. In this article, available plant types of the major pulse crops, viz. Cicer arietinum, Lens culinaris, Pisum sativum, Cajanus cajan, Vigna...

Author(s)
Singh, D. P.
Citation
Plant Breeding Abstracts, 1997, 67, 9, pp 1213-1220

Banana (Musa spp.) breeding, aiming to develop pest resistant cultivars for the export trade, started about 75 years ago in the West Indies. However, all bananas exported today are still farmers' selections from the somatic mutants of the group Cavendish, and have a very narrow genetic base. In the ...

Author(s)
Ortiz, R.; Vuylsteke, D.
Citation
Plant Breeding Abstracts, 1996, 66, 10, pp 1355-1363

In wild sunflower germplasm, considerable variability is available for disease and insect pest resistance or tolerance of abiotic stresses like drought and salinity. In addition, fatty acid composition and protein quality can be modified by including wild species in the breeding programme....

Author(s)
Korell, M.; Brahm, L.; Friedt, W.; Horn, R.
Citation
Plant Breeding Abstracts, 1996, 66, 8, pp 1081-1091

Interspecific hybridization is an important tool for the introduction of genetic variability into cultivated sunflower. The genus Helianthus consists of 49 species, 13 annual and 36 perennial, with different ploidy levels. Considerable variability is present for many important traits, such as...

Author(s)
Korell, M.; Brahm, L.; Horn, R.; Friedt, W.
Citation
Plant Breeding Abstracts, 1996, 66, 7, pp 925-931

Breeders in northern countries with unfavourable climates face some different problems from their colleagues in more temperate regions. Some presently relevant breeding strategies are discussed, including ex situ maintenance of woody genetic resources, the need for effective in situ conservation,...

Author(s)
Väinölä, A.; Joy, P.
Citation
Plant Breeding Abstracts, 1996, 66, 5, pp 601-607

Pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) forms the staple food for millions of people and provides good quality fodder for cattle in the arid and semi-arid regions. This review highlights progress made and future challenges in stabilizing its production at higher levels than at present in these regions...

Author(s)
Yadav, O. P.
Citation
Plant Breeding Abstracts, 1996, 66, 2, pp 157-163

Tolerance of oilseed brassicas to salt stress is a complex trait, which is greatly modified by cultural, climatic and biological factors and by the degree of heterogeneity in saline crop lands. Brassicas exhibit susceptibility to salinity at seedling emergence and early seedling growth but are...

Author(s)
Kumar, D.
Citation
Plant Breeding Abstracts, 1995, 65, 10, pp 1439-1447

The major issue facing gene bank managers is the need to improve the accessibility of their collections to a large panel of users, from plant breeders to fundamental geneticists. The core collection concept was proposed as one approach to this problem. A core collection has been described as a...

Author(s)
Hamon, S.; Dussert, S.; Noirot, M.; Anthony, F.; Hodgkin, T.
Citation
Plant Breeding Abstracts, 1995, 65, 8, pp 1125-1133

Following an introduction, this comprehensive review is presented under the following headings: (1) botany, including treatments of palmarosa (Cymbopogon martinii), lemongrass (C. striatus [C. flexuosus]) and citronella (C. winterianus); (2) breeding methods, including (a) germplasm collection and...

Author(s)
Sahoo, S.; Debata, B. K.
Citation
Plant Breeding Abstracts, 1995, 65, 12, pp 1721-1731

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