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VetMed Resource

Veterinary information to support practice, based on evidence and continuing education

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In one experiment, 56 cattle were grazed on mountain pastures treated with calcium cyanamide before the Hypoderma bovis adults emerged from the pupae. Before the treatment, 133 warbles were counted, and only 43 the following spring. In a similar experiment with 95 cattle, 393 warbles were counted...

Leinati, L.; Oberosler, R.; Beber, L.
Clinica Veterinaria, 1971, 94, pp 65-70

The life-cycles of Hypoderma bovis (L.) and H. lineatum (Vill.), and the internal mechanical damage and external pathological symptoms caused in cattle by the larvae of these species, are reviewed in detail from the literature. Long-term results of larval infestation were at least temporary...

Leinati, L.
Annali Accademia di Agricoltura, 1977, 119, pp 41-56