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Veterinary information to support practice, based on evidence and continuing education

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Abstract

Macrolides and lincosamides are important antibacterials for the treatment of many common infections in cattle and pigs. Products for in-feed medication with these compounds in combination with other antimicrobials are commonly used in Europe. Most recently approved injectable macrolides have very...

Author(s)
Pyörälä, S.; Baptiste, K. E.; Catry, B.; Duijkeren, E. van; Greko, C.; Moreno, M. A.; Pomba, M. C. M. F.; Rantala, M.; Ružauskas, M.; Sanders, P.; Threlfall, E. J.; Torren-Edo, J.; Törneke, K.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Veterinary Journal, 2014, 200, 2, pp 230-239
Abstract

In this review of the literature, mastitis-causing coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) and Staphylococcus aureus are compared. Staphylococci are the bacteria most commonly isolated from bovine mastitis, and CNS are now predominant over S. aureus in most countries. CNS include various species,...

Author(s)
Taponen, S.; Pyörälä, S.
Publisher
Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Veterinary Microbiology, 2009, 134, 1/2, pp 29-36
Abstract

Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) have emerged as bovine mastitis pathogens in many countries. CNS mastitis is generally mild but can persist in the udder for long periods. Pathogenesis of CNS intramammary infection is not well understood. In the present study, adhesion, invasion and...

Author(s)
Hyvönen, P.; Käyhkö, S.; Taponen, S.; Wright, A. von; Pyörälä, S.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK
Citation
Journal of Dairy Research, 2009, 76, 2, pp 144-151
Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyze bacterial profiles of bovine mastitic milk samples and samples from healthy quarters using Next Generation Sequencing of amplicons from 16S rRNA genes and to compare results with microbiological results by PCR assays of the same samples. A total of 49 samples...

Author(s)
Taponen, S.; McGuinness, D.; Hiitiö, H.; Simojoki, H.; Zadoks, R.; Pyörälä, S.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
Veterinary Research, 2019, 50, 44, pp (06 June 2019)
Abstract

Reduction in long-term milk yields represents a notable share of the economic losses caused by bovine mastitis. Efficient, economic, and safe measures to prevent these losses require knowledge of the causal agent of the disease. The aim of this study was to investigate pathogen-specific impacts of...

Author(s)
Heikkilä, A. M.; Liski, E.; Pyörälä, S.; Taponen, S.
Publisher
Elsevier Inc., Philadelphia, USA
Citation
Journal of Dairy Science, 2018, 101, 10, pp 9493-9504
Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine risk factors for bovine intramammary infection (IMI) associated with the most common bacterial species in Finland. Large databases of the Finnish milk-recording system and results of microbiological analyses of mastitic milk samples from Valio Ltd. (Helsinki,...

Author(s)
Taponen, S.; Liski, E.; Heikkilä, A. M.; Pyörälä, S.
Publisher
Elsevier Inc., Philadelphia, USA
Citation
Journal of Dairy Science, 2017, 100, 1, pp 493-503
Abstract

Fast and reliable identification of the microorganisms causing mastitis is important for management of the disease and for targeting antimicrobial treatment. Methods based on PCR are being used increasingly in mastitis diagnostics. Comprehensive field comparisons of PCR and traditional milk...

Author(s)
Koskinen, M. T.; Wellenberg, G. J.; Sampimon, O. C.; Holopainen, J.; Rothkamp, A.; Salmikivi, L.; Haeringen, W. A. van; Lam, T. J. G. M.; Pyörälä, S.
Publisher
Elsevier Inc., Philadelphia, USA
Citation
Journal of Dairy Science, 2010, 93, 12, pp 5707-5715
Abstract

Reliable identification of the aetiological agent is crucial in mastitis diagnostics. Real-time PCR is a fast, automated tool for detecting the most common udder pathogens directly from milk. In this study aseptically taken quarter milk samples were analysed with a real-time PCR assay (Thermo...

Author(s)
Hiitiö, H.; Riva, R.; Autio, T.; Pohjanvirta, T.; Holopainen, J.; Pyörälä, S.; Pelkonen, S.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK
Citation
Journal of Dairy Research, 2015, 82, 2, pp 200-208
Abstract

Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) have become the most common bovine mastitis isolate in many countries and could therefore be described as emerging mastitis pathogens. The prevalence of CNS mastitis is higher in primiparous cows than in older cows. CNS are not as pathogenic as the other...

Author(s)
Pyörälä, S.; Taponen, S.
Publisher
Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Veterinary Microbiology, 2009, 134, 1/2, pp 3-8
Abstract

In more than 30% of milk samples from clinical and subclinical bovine mastitis, bacteria fail to grow even after 48 h of conventional culture. The "no-growth" samples are problematic for mastitis laboratories, veterinarians, and dairy producers. This study provides the first investigation of the...

Author(s)
Taponen, S.; Salmikivi, L.; Simojoki, H.; Koskinen, M. T.; Pyörälä, S.
Publisher
American Dairy Science Association, Savoy, USA
Citation
Journal of Dairy Science, 2009, 92, 6, pp 2610-2617

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