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Abstract

Confined animal feeding operations can facilitate the spread of genes associated with antibiotic resistance. It is not known how cattle removal from beef cattle backgrounding operation affects the persistence of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in the environment. We investigated the effect of...

Author(s)
Agga, G. E.; Cook, K. L.; Netthisinghe, A. M. P.; Gilfillen, R. A.; Woosley, P. B.; Sistani, K. R.
Publisher
Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA
Citation
PLoS ONE, 2019, 14, 2, pp e0212510
Abstract

Actinobacillosis usually is a sporadic infection that affects the tongue in cattle ("wooden tongue") with possible spread to the digestive tract. Two 4-year-old Rouge-des-Prés cows from a single French beef herd were referred for chronic (2-6 months) swelling and cutaneous nodules in the distal...

Author(s)
Relun, A.; Cesbron, N.; Bourdeau, P.; Dorso, L.; Brement, T.; Assié, S.; Christensen, H.; Guatteo, R.
Publisher
Wiley, Boston, USA
Citation
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 2019, 33, 1, pp 297-301
Abstract

Background: Few studies have reported on the effectiveness of the washing and disinfection methods used in cattle markets in Ireland. Purchasing cattle into recipient herds poses a high biosecurity risk due to the possibility of introducing disease. In Ireland, livestock markets are an important...

Author(s)
Connor, J. T. O.; Clegg, T. A.; More, S. J.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
Irish Veterinary Journal, 2017, 70, 6, pp (9 February 2017)
Abstract

The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the influence of sampling technique and exposure to different bedding types on the milk microbiome of healthy primiparous cows. Primiparous Holstein cows (n=20) with no history of clinical mastitis or monthly somatic cell counts >150,000 cells/mL ...

Author(s)
Metzger, S. A.; Hernandez, L. L.; Skarlupka, J. H.; Suen, G.; Walker, T. M.; Ruegg, P. L.
Publisher
Elsevier Inc., Philadelphia, USA
Citation
Journal of Dairy Science, 2018, 101, 7, pp 6346-6356
Abstract

An underweight 10-month-old Holstein heifer presented with anorexia and anastasia and was euthanized. Postmortem examination revealed extensive ulceration in the esophagus, tongue, and omasum. Histopathological examination revealed severe necrotic esophagitis, glossitis, and omasitis. Many...

Author(s)
Tosaki, K.; Kojima, H.; Akama, S.; Ootake, Y.; Inoue, K.; Katsuda, K.; Shibahara, T.
Publisher
Japanese Society of Veterinary Science, Tokyo, Japan
Citation
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science, 2018, 80, 7, pp 1174-1178
Abstract

This study was conducted to ascertain the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis in cattle of different breeds reared under different faming systems and agro-climatic zones of Himachal Pradesh. Tuberculin reactors (17) were detected only in organized dairy farms. Prevalence (15/595, 2.5%) of the disease ...

Author(s)
Sushil Sharma; Panda, A. K.; Atul Kumar; Thakur, S. D.
Publisher
Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, India
Citation
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 2019, 89, 1, pp 46-48
Abstract

Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) causes considerable economic losses in North America. The pathogenesis involves interactions between bacteria, viruses, environment and management factors. Primary viral infection can increase the risk of secondary fatal bacterial infection. The objective of this...

Author(s)
Zhang MaoDong; Hill, J. E.; Fernando, C.; Alexander, T. W.; Timsit, E.; Meer, F. van der; Huang YanYun
Publisher
Wiley, Berlin, Germany
Citation
Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 2019, 66, 3, pp 1379-1386
Abstract

A cluster of 4 bovine abortions caused by Coxiella burnetii occurred in a dairy herd in Uruguay during a 2-mo period. Case 1 consisted of a placenta from an aborted cow; cases 2-4 were fetuses and their placentas. Grossly, the placenta from one aborted cow had moderate, diffuse reddening of the...

Author(s)
Macías-Rioseco, M.; Riet-Correa, F.; Miller, M. M.; Sondgeroth, K.; Fraga, M.; Silveira, C.; Uzal, F. A.; Giannitti, F.
Publisher
Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, USA
Citation
Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 2019, 31, 4, pp 634-639
Abstract

Supernumerary teats (SNT) are any abnormal teats found on a calf in addition to the usual and functional 4 teats. The presence of SNT has also been termed "hyperthelia" since the end of the 19th century. Supernumerary teats can act as an incubator for bacteria, infecting the whole udder, and can...

Author(s)
Butty, A. M.; Frischknecht, M.; Gredler, B.; Neuenschwander, S.; Moll, J.; Bieber, A.; Baes, C. F.; Seefried, F. R.
Publisher
Elsevier Inc., Philadelphia, USA
Citation
Journal of Dairy Science, 2017, 100, 1, pp 402-411
Abstract

Cattle are a major reservoir for Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) and harbor these bacteria in the intestinal tract. The prevalence, concentration, and STEC serogroup isolated in cattle varies between individuals. Hide removal at slaughter serves as a major point of carcass...

Author(s)
Stromberg, Z. R.; Redweik, G. A. J.; Mellata, M.
Publisher
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., New Rochelle, USA
Citation
Foodborne Pathogens and Disease, 2018, 15, 3, pp 119-131

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