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Abstract

Livestock is the main source of methane (CH4) emissions. It is important to accurately determine emissions from ruminants that meet standardized international guidelines for national greenhouse gas inventories. A new method to improve the accuracy of CH4 emissions that complies with IPCC rules for...

Author(s)
Eugène, M.; Sauvant, D.; Nozière, P.; Viallard, D.; Oueslati, K.; Lherm, M.; Mathias, E.; Doreau, M.
Publisher
Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Journal of Environmental Management, 2019, 231, pp 982-988
Abstract

Although livestock farming (sheep, goats, pigs, and cattle) is an important economic activity in Corsica, a French Mediterranean island, knowledge about the tick fauna and microorganisms carried by them remains scarce. This study aimed to investigate the presence and perform molecular...

Author(s)
Cicculli, V.; Capai, L.; Quilichini, Y.; Masse, S.; Fernández-Alvarez, A.; Minodier, L.; Bompard, P.; Charrel, R.; Falchi, A.
Publisher
Elsevier GmbH, München, Germany
Citation
Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases, 2019, 10, 3, pp 606-613
Abstract

Background: From 2006 to 2010, France experienced two bluetongue epidemics caused by serotype 1 (BTV-1) and 8 (BTV-8) which were controlled by mass vaccination campaigns. After five years without any detected cases, a sick ram was confirmed in August 2015 to be infected by a BTV-8 strain almost...

Author(s)
Bournez, L.; Cavalerie, L.; Sailleau, C.; Bréard, E.; Zanella, G.; Almeida, R. S. de; Pedarrieu, A.; Garin, E.; Tourette, I.; Dion, F.; Hendrikx, P.; Calavas, D.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
BMC Veterinary Research, 2018, 14, 65, pp (2 March 2018)
Abstract

Undetected in Europe since 2010, bluetongue virus serotype 8 (BTV-8) re-emerged in August 2015 in Central France. To gain insight into the re-emergence on the French territory, we estimated the seroprevalence in cattle before the detection of BTV-8 in 2015, in areas differentially affected by the...

Author(s)
Courtejoie, N.; Durand, B.; Bréard, E.; Sailleau, C.; Vitour, D.; Zientara, S.; Gorlier, A.; Baurier, F.; Gourmelen, C.; Benoit, F.; Achour, H.; Milard, C.; Poliak, S.; Pagneux, C.; Viarouge, C.; Zanella, G.
Publisher
Wiley, Berlin, Germany
Citation
Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 2018, 65, 1, pp e173-e182
Abstract

Accurate estimations of ammonia (NH3) emissions due to nitrogen (N) fertilization are required to identify efficient mitigation techniques and improve agricultural practices. Process-based models such as Volt'Air can be used for this purpose because they incorporate the effects of several key...

Author(s)
Ramanantenasoa, M. M. J.; Génermont, S.; Gilliot, J. M.; Bedos, C.; Makowski, D.
Publisher
Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Journal of Environmental Management, 2019, 236, pp 195-205
Abstract

Mycobacterium bovis infection was first described in free-ranging wildlife in France in 2001, with subsequent detection in hunter-harvested ungulates and badgers in areas where outbreaks of bovine tuberculosis (TB) were also detected in cattle. Increasing concerns regarding TB in wildlife led the...

Author(s)
Réveillaud, É.; Desvaux, S.; Boschiroli, M. L.; Hars, J.; Faure, É.; Fediaevsky, A.; Cavalerie, L.; Chevalier, F.; Jabert, P.; Poliak, S.; Tourette, I.; Hendrikx, P.; Richomme, C.
Publisher
Frontiers Media S.A., Lausanne, Switzerland
Citation
Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 2018, 5, October, pp 262
Abstract

Background: Anaplasma phagocytophilum is a zoonotic tick-borne intracellular alpha-proteobacterium causing tickborne fever, which leads to significant economic losses in domestic ruminants in Europe. Its epidemiological cycles are complex and reservoir host species of bovine strains have not yet...

Author(s)
Lagrée, A. C.; Rouxel, C.; Kevin, M.; Dugat, T.; Girault, G.; Durand, B.; Pfeffer, M.; Silaghi, C.; Nieder, M.; Boulouis, H. J.; Haddad, N.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
Parasites and Vectors, 2018, 11, 163, pp (9 March 2018)
Abstract

Bluetongue virus (BTV) hitherto consisted of 26 recognized serotypes, of which all except BTV-26 are primarily transmitted by certain species of Culicoides biting midges. Three variants of an additional 27th bluetongue virus serotype (BTV-27v01-v03) were recently detected in asymptomatic goats in...

Author(s)
Bréard, E.; Schulz, C.; Sailleau, C.; Bernelin-Cottet, C.; Viarouge, C.; Vitour, D.; Guillaume, B.; Caignard, G.; Gorlier, A.; Attoui, H.; Gallois, M.; Hoffmann, B.; Zientara, S.; Beer, M.
Publisher
Wiley, Berlin, Germany
Citation
Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 2018, 65, 2, pp e251-e263
Abstract

Cervids are known to be reservoirs of zoonotic bacteria transmitted by ticks. This study aimed to identify the Anaplasma species carried by captive red deer and swamp deer in a wild fauna reserve in France. Blood from 59 red deer and 7 swamp deer was collected and analyzed over a period of two...

Author(s)
Jouglin, M.; Blanc, B.; Cotte, N. de la; Bastian, S.; Ortiz, K.; Malandrin, L.
Publisher
Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA
Citation
PLoS ONE, 2019, 14, 7, pp e0219184
Abstract

Bovine tuberculosis infection remains at a low but persistent level in French cattle herds and requires for its surveillance the use of tests with limited sensitivity and specificity. It thus appears essential to understand the reality of the field situation, to identify parameters which could...

Author(s)
Crozet, G.; Dufour, B.; Rivière, J.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Research in Veterinary Science, 2019, 124, pp 406-416

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