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The identification of pain in cattle and your relief, are essential for animal welfare, however there is still no ideal test for this evaluation. Some researchers have used serum cortisol, heart and respiratory rates for this assessment, while others use scales based on behavior or facial...

Bertagnon, H. G.; Batista, C. F.; Bellinazzi, J. B.; Coneglian, M. M.; Mendes, A. F.; Libera, A. M. M. P. della
Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira, 2018, 38, 3, pp 436-443