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VetMed Resource

Veterinary information to support practice, based on evidence and continuing education

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Cover for Brahman cattle

Evolutionary HistoryAll modern cattle trace their origins to Bos primigenius. Analyses of mitochondrial DNA have shown that divergence of Bos...

Cover for Friesian cattle breeds

The origins of the Bos taurus Friesian cattle breed were the black and white animals of migrant European tribes, the Batavians and the Friesians, who...

Cover for Gir cattle

Gir, one of the principal zebu (Bos indicus) breeds in India, has its origins in the tropical highlands and Gir Forest of Kathiawar peninsular in...

Cover for swamp buffalo breeds

Swamp buffalo are almost identical to the wild arni (Bubalus arnee) in conformation, appearance and habit. There are many local varieties which vary...


The Saanen breed originated in the Saane valley (Switzerland) and its herd book was created in 1890. The breed had been used to upgrade local goats...