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Veterinary information to support practice, based on evidence and continuing education

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Abstract

Defensins especially β-defensins participate in innate immunity to prevent microbial infection of female reproductive system, one of the most important problems in mammal species. So, the purpose of this study was to investigate the presence of polymorphism in β-defensin gene (C/T: position 2239)...

Author(s)
Goroohi, Z.; Sharifiyazdi, H.; Mirzaei, A.
Publisher
Springer Science + Business Media, London, UK
Citation
Comparative Clinical Pathology, 2019, 28, 2, pp 377-382
Abstract

This study presents the optimized hydrothermal gasification (HTG) and hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) of Cattle Manure (CM) and Cattle Feed (Canola Stalks) for hydrogen-rich gas, bio-oil and porous carbonaceous catalyst support production as a potential procedure to handle cattle wastes and...

Author(s)
Tavasoli, A.; Aslan, M.; Salimi, M.; Balou, S.; Pirbazari, S. M.; Hashemi, H.; Kohansal, K.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Energy Conversion and Management, 2018, 173, pp 15-28
Abstract

Visual assessment in the milking parlour is a commonly used method to determine the prevalence and severity of bovine digital dermatitis (BDD). It is generally suggested that cows' feet are washed prior to examination to maximise the sensitivity of the assessment, but concern has been expressed...

Author(s)
Yang, D. A.; Laven, R. A.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Veterinary Journal, 2019, 247, pp 38-43
Abstract

This study was carried out to determine the occurrence and characteristics of enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) and Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) strains in cow's milk, cheese and dairy cattle farm environments, and to estimate distribution of antimicrobial resistance. A collection of ...

Author(s)
Rios, E. A.; Santos, J.; García-Meniño, I.; Flament-Simon, S. C.; Blanco, J.; García-López, M. L.; Otero, A.; Rodríguez-Calleja, J. M.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
LWT - Food Science and Technology, 2019, 108, pp 319-325
Abstract

Genetic evaluation of female fertility in Danish, Finnish, and Swedish dairy cows was updated in 2015 to multiple-trait animal model evaluation, where heifer and cow fertility up to third parity are considered as separate traits. A model for conception rate was also developed, which required...

Author(s)
Muuttoranta, K.; Tyrisevä, A. M.; Mäntysaari, E. A.; Pösö, J.; Aamand, G. P.; Lidauer, M. H.
Publisher
Elsevier Inc., Philadelphia, USA
Citation
Journal of Dairy Science, 2019, 102, 9, pp 8184-8196
Abstract

Genotype by environment interaction (G × E) effects for lactating cows' fertility traits may differ with lactation number when accounting for herd production level. Our objective here was to investigate the genetic correlations among three fertility traits in cows and lactation persistency within...

Author(s)
Yamazaki, T.; Takeda, H.; Osawa, T.; Yamaguchi, S.; Hagiya, K.
Publisher
Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Livestock Science, 2019, 219, pp 97-103
Abstract

Milk pH is increased in lactating dairy cattle with subclinical mastitis (SCM) and intramammary infection (IMI). We hypothesized that milk pH testing provides an accurate, low-cost, and practical on-farm method for diagnosing SCM and IMI. The main objective was to evaluate the clinical utility of...

Author(s)
Kandeel, S. A.; Megahed, A. A.; Ebeid, M. H.; Constable, P. D.
Publisher
Elsevier Inc., Philadelphia, USA
Citation
Journal of Dairy Science, 2019, 102, 2, pp 1417-1427
Abstract

The variance of gametic diversity (σgamete2) can be used to find individuals that more likely produce progeny with extreme breeding values. The aim of this study was to obtain this variance for individuals from routine genomic evaluations, and to apply gametic variance in a selection criterion in...

Author(s)
Santos, D. J. A.; Cole, J. B.; Lawlor, T. J.; VanRaden, P. M.; Tonhati, H.; Ma, L.
Publisher
Elsevier Inc., Philadelphia, USA
Citation
Journal of Dairy Science, 2019, 102, 6, pp 5279-5294
Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the suitability of infrared thermography in assessing healing of surgically created wounds that are managed by primary closure or second intention in neonatal dairy calves during a 3-week period. Study design: Randomized clinical trial. Animals: Six Jersey bull calves....

Author(s)
Ferreira, C. A.; Jeune, S. S. le; Rayburn, M. C.; Chigerwe, M.
Publisher
Wiley, Boston, USA
Citation
Veterinary Surgery, 2019, 48, 5, pp 878-884
Abstract

Early diagnosis of endometritis in dairy cattle is currently requires invasive techniques and specialist expertise. The goal of this study is to utilize a gel-free mass-spectrometry based proteomics approach to compare the plasma proteome of dairy cattle with cytological endometritis to those...

Author(s)
Miller, B. A.; Brewer, A.; Nanni, P.; Lim, J. J.; Callanan, J. J.; Grossmann, J.; Kunz, L.; Almeida, A. M. de; Meade, K. G.; Chapwanya, A.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Journal of Proteomics, 2019, 205, pp 103421

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