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VetMed Resource

Veterinary information to support practice, based on evidence and continuing education

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Abstract

The European Community's leukosis key (EC key) is a well-known hematologic method for detecting bovine leukemia virus (BLV) infection in dairy cattle. The key identifies infected cattle with persistent lymphocytosis via a combination of lymphocyte count (LC) and age. Using the EC key to identify...

Author(s)
Akagami, M.; Oya, S.; Kashima, Y.; Seki, S.; Ouchi, Y.; Hayama, Y.
Publisher
Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, USA
Citation
Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 2019, 31, 4, pp 568-571
Abstract

Background: Cattle rearing in Cameroon is both economically and culturally important, however parasitic diseases detrimentally impact cattle productivity. In sub-Saharan Africa bovine fasciolosis is generally attributed to F. gigantica, although understanding of Fasciola species present and local...

Author(s)
Kelly, R. F.; Mazeri, S.; Hartley, C.; Hamman, S. M.; Ngwa, V. N.; Nkongho, E. F.; Tanya, V.; Sander, M.; Ndip, L.; Morgan, K. L.; Muwonge, A.; Handel, I.; Bronsvoort, B. M. C. de; Williams, D. J. L.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
BMC Veterinary Research, 2019, 15, 8, pp (03 January 2019)
Abstract

Accelerometers have been used to record many cattle postures and behaviours including standing, lying, walking, grazing and ruminating but not cattle drinking behaviour. This study explores whether neck-mounted triaxial accelerometers can identify drinking and whether head-neck position and...

Author(s)
Williams, L. R.; Bishop-Hurley, G. J.; Anderson, A. E.; Swain, D. L.
Publisher
CSIRO, Collingwood, Australia
Citation
Animal Production Science, 2019, 59, 1, pp 122-132
Abstract

Rib bone biopsy samples are often used to estimate changes in skeletal mineral reserves in cattle but differences in sampling procedures and the bone measurements reported often make interpretation and comparisons among experiments difficult. 'Full-core' rib bone biopsy samples, which included the...

Author(s)
Dixon, R. M.; Coates, D. B.; Mayer, R. J.; Miller, C. P.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK
Citation
Animal, 2019, 13, 1, pp 119-126
Abstract

Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in feedlot cattle. At feedlot arrival, classification of cattle groups into high- or low-risk based on their expected level of BRD is common, highly variable, and based on many subjective criteria. An accurate...

Author(s)
Amrine, D. E.; McLellan, J. G.; White, B. J.; Larson, R. L.; Renter, D. G.; Sanderson, M.
Publisher
Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 2019, 156, pp 439-446
Abstract

The European Community's (EC) Key, which is also called Bendixen's Key, is a well-established bovine leukemia virus (BLV) diagnostic method that classifies cattle according to the absolute lymphocyte count and age. The EC Key was originally designed for dairy cattle and is not necessarily suitable...

Author(s)
Mekata, H.; Yamamoto, M.; Kirino, Y.; Sekiguchi, S.; Konnai, S.; Horii, Y.; Norimine, J.
Publisher
Japanese Society of Veterinary Science, Tokyo, Japan
Citation
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science, 2018, 80, 2, pp 316-319
Abstract

Background: Aurochs (Bos primigenius) were distributed throughout large parts of Eurasia and Northern Africa during the late Pleistocene and the early Holocene, and all modern cattle are derived from the aurochs. Although the mtDNA haplogroups of most modern cattle belong to haplogroups T and I,...

Author(s)
Noda, A.; Yonesaka, R.; Sasazaki, S.; Mannen, H.
Publisher
Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA
Citation
PLoS ONE, 2018, 13, 1, pp e0190937
Abstract

Background: No comprehensive studies have been carried out on the infectious causes of abortion in Kenyan dairy cattle herds. A survey was carried out to determine the seroprevalence of antibodies against Bovine Viral Diarrhoea Virus (BVDV), Brucella abortus (BA) and Neospora caninum (NC) among...

Author(s)
Okumu, T. A.; John, N. M.; Wabacha, J. K.; Tsuma, V.; VanLeeuwen, J.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
BMC Veterinary Research, 2019, 15, 95, pp (18 March 2019)
Abstract

Confined animal feeding operations can facilitate the spread of genes associated with antibiotic resistance. It is not known how cattle removal from beef cattle backgrounding operation affects the persistence of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in the environment. We investigated the effect of...

Author(s)
Agga, G. E.; Cook, K. L.; Netthisinghe, A. M. P.; Gilfillen, R. A.; Woosley, P. B.; Sistani, K. R.
Publisher
Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA
Citation
PLoS ONE, 2019, 14, 2, pp e0212510
Abstract

There has been a great interest to identify a microbial marker that can be used to predict feed efficiency of beef cattle. Such a marker, specifically one that would allow an early identification of animals with high feed efficiency for future breeding efforts, would facilitate increasing the...

Author(s)
Brooke, C. G.; Najafi, N.; Dykier, K. C.; Hess, M.
Publisher
Wiley, Tokyo, Japan
Citation
Animal Science Journal, 2019, 90, 5, pp 696-701

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