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Abstract

Background: Urinalysis is not routinely used in bovine medicine, and there is no evidence as to whether urine protein-to-creatinine ratio (UPC) could be used for the diagnosis of renal diseases in cattle. Objective: The goal of the study was to determine alterations in UPCs observed with different...

Author(s)
Katsoulos, P. D.; Athanasiou, L. V.; Psalla, D.; Marouda, C.; Papchianou, M.; Tsitsos, A.; Bosco, C.; Polizopoulou, Z. S.
Publisher
Wiley, Boston, USA
Citation
Veterinary Clinical Pathology, 2020, 49, 1, pp 66-70
Abstract

Urine ammonium concentration ([NH4+]) provides a clinically useful indicator of the magnitude of nutritionally induced systemic acidification in dairy cattle when urine pH < 6.1. The objective of this study was to evaluate the analytical performance of a low-cost point-of-care colorimetric test in measuring urine [NH4+] in dairy cattle consuming an acidogenic ration. A method comparison study was performed using 154 urine samples from 43...

Author(s)
Megahed, A. A.; Constable, P. D.
Publisher
Elsevier Inc., Philadelphia, USA
Citation
Journal of Dairy Science, 2020, 103, 9, pp 8655-8660
AbstractFull Text

To enhance the productivity of beef cattle, it has been used increasingly diets based on grains, which although they provide more energy, alter the pH and ruminal microflora, resulting in a condition called subacute ruminal acidosis syndrome (SARA). Early diagnosis of this disease through analysis...

Author(s)
Reck, A. M.; Pontarolo, D. V.; Coelho, A. M.; Artner, B.; Neumann, M.; Bertagnon, H. G.
Publisher
Pubvet, Maringá, Brazil
Citation
PUBVET, 2020, 14, 3,
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of transrectal palpation (TRP) performed with the fetal membrane slip (FMS) technique for early pregnancy diagnosis on the proportion and type of associated pregnancy losses (PLs) in dairy cattle. ANIMALS: 580 healthy pregnant cattle. PROCEDURES: Data for...

Author(s)
Romano, J. E.; Thompson, J. A.; Kraemer, D. C.; Forrest, D. W.
Publisher
American Veterinary Medical Association, Schaumburg, USA
Citation
American Journal of Veterinary Research, 2020, 81, 5, pp 442-447
Abstract

Background: The livestock plays an important role in the economy of farmers. The mismanagement of sick and dying cattle leads to an increase in sanitation cost of municipalities, incidences of diseases by exposed carcasses, and hence more expenditure on avoidable health catastrophes. Objective: The ...

Author(s)
Shruti Pahwa; Sumant Swain
Publisher
Medknow Publications, Mumbai, India
Citation
Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 2020, 45, 5 (Suppl.), pp 43-46
Abstract

Septic tenosynovitis of the digital flexor tendon sheath (DFTS) is the second most prevalent infection of deeper structures of the distal limb in cattle, after septic arthritis of the distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint. Depending on the type of infection and the involvement of adjacent anatomical...

Author(s)
Hund, A.; Senn, M.; Kofler, J.
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Animals, 2020, 10, 8,
Abstract

OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical and clinicopathologic characteristics, treatment, and outcome for cattle that developed a retroperitoneal abscess (RA) following paralumbar fossa laparotomy (PFL). ANIMALS 32 Holstein cows with RA. PROCEDURES The record database of a veterinary teaching hospital...

Author(s)
Ferraro, S.; Desrochers, A.; Nichols, S.; Francoz, D.; Babkine, M.; Lardé, H.; Roy, J. P.; Fecteau, G.
Publisher
American Veterinary Medical Association, Schaumburg, USA
Citation
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 2020, 256, 7, pp 814-821
Abstract

In a study originally designed to find potential risk factors for bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) we examined tissues from 403 Holstein Frisian cattle in total. These included 20 BSE cattle and their 236 birth- and feeding cohort animals plus 32 offspring, 103 age, breed and district-matched ...

Author(s)
Dammann, I.; Wemheuer, W. M.; Wrede, A.; Wemheuer, W. E.; Campe, A.; Petschenka, J.; Schulze-Sturm, U.; Hahmann, U.; Czerny, C. P.; Münster, P.; Brening, B.; Kreienbrock, L.; Herden, C.; Schulz-Schaeffer, W. J.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
Veterinary Research, 2020, 51, 82, pp (17 June 2020)
Abstract

Transrectal palpation of the reproductive tract is the most common method for pregnancy determination in cattle and is considered a veterinary skill that new veterinary medicine (DVM) graduates should perform proficiently. However, using privately owned cattle to train students can be difficult...

Author(s)
Bond, R. L.; Midla, L. T.; Gordon, E. D.; Welker, F. H. B.; Masterson, M. A.; Mathys, D. A.; Mollenkopf, D. F.
Publisher
Elsevier Inc., Philadelphia, USA
Citation
Journal of Dairy Science, 2019, 102, 10, pp 9236-9240
Abstract

The European Community's leukosis key (EC key) is a well-known hematologic method for detecting bovine leukemia virus (BLV) infection in dairy cattle. The key identifies infected cattle with persistent lymphocytosis via a combination of lymphocyte count (LC) and age. Using the EC key to identify...

Author(s)
Akagami, M.; Oya, S.; Kashima, Y.; Seki, S.; Ouchi, Y.; Hayama, Y.
Publisher
Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, USA
Citation
Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 2019, 31, 4, pp 568-571

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