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Abstract

Bluetongue virus (BTV), transmitted by midges (Culicoides sp.), is distributed worldwide and causes disease in ruminants. In particular, BT can be a debilitating disease in sheep causing serious trade and socio-economic consequences at both local and global levels. Across Australia, a sentinel ...

Author(s)
White, J. R.; Williams, D. T.; Wang JianNing; Chen HongLei; Melville, L. F.; Davis, S. S.; Weir, R. P.; Certoma, A.; Rubbo, A. di; Harvey, G.; Lunt, R. A.; Eagles, D.
Publisher
Wiley, Oxford, UK
Citation
Veterinary Medicine and Science, 2019, 5, 2, pp 129-145
Abstract

Capripox virus infections are endemic diseases of livestock in Nigeria, but there are limited data on molecular characterization of circulating viruses. In this study, we investigated field outbreaks of Capripox virus infections in Nigeria via partial sequencing of viruses obtained from field...

Author(s)
Adedeji, A. J.; Möller, J.; Meseko, C. A.; Adole, J. A.; Tekki, I. S.; Shamaki, D.; Hoffmann, B.
Publisher
Wiley, Berlin, Germany
Citation
Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 2019, 66, 4, pp 1631-1641
Abstract

Between January and July 2017, lumpy skin disease (LSD) outbreaks were reported in cattle in Namibia. DNA was extracted from skin biopsies taken from 32 cattle, and the RNA polymerase 30 kDa subunit (RPO30) gene of the LSD virus (LSDV) was successfully amplified by PCR. Phylogenetic analysis...

Author(s)
Molini, U.; Aikukutu, G.; Khaiseb, S.; Haindongo, N. N.; Lilungwe, A. C.; Cattoli, G.; Dundon, W. G.; Lamien, C. E.
Publisher
Springer-Wien, Wien, Austria
Citation
Archives of Virology, 2018, 163, 9, pp 2525-2529
Abstract

Mycobacterium bovis, the causative agent of bovine tuberculosis (BTB), is endemic in the Kruger National Park (KNP), South Africa. African lions (Panthera leo) are susceptible to BTB, but the impact of the disease on lion populations is unknown. In this study, we used a novel gene expression assay...

Author(s)
Sylvester, T. T.; Martin, L. E. R.; Buss, P.; Loxton, A. G.; Hausler, G. A.; Rossouw, L.; Helden, P. van; Parsons, S. D. C.; Olea-Popelka, F.; Miller, M. A.
Publisher
Wildlife Disease Association, Lawrence, USA
Citation
Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 2017, 53, 2, pp 372-376
Abstract

Background: Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a contagious disease listed by the World Organisation for Animal health (OIE) as being a specific hazard. It affects sheep, goats, and wild ungulates, and is prevalent throughout the developing world particularly Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. PPR ...

Author(s)
Baazizi, R.; Mahapatra, M.; Clarke, B. D.; Ait-Oudhia, K.; Khelef, D.; Parida, S.
Publisher
Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA
Citation
PLoS ONE, 2017, 12, 4, pp e0175461
Abstract

Molecular tools have become an increasingly important part of studying the epidemiology of infectious agents. These tools have allowed the aetiological agent within a population to be diagnosed rapidly with a greater degree of efficiency and accuracy than conventional diagnostic tools. They have...

Author(s)
Kardjadj, M.; Luka, P. D.
Publisher
Academic Journals, Lagos, Nigeria
Citation
African Journal of Biotechnology, 2016, 15, 44, pp 2474-2479
Abstract

Within the tribe Bovini in the subfamily Bovinae, the water buffalo (Bubalus Bubalis), American bison (Bison bison), European bison (Bubalus bonasus) and yak (Bos grunniens) are recognized as species highly susceptible to malignant catarrhal fever (MCF). In contrast, the lack of reports describing...

Author(s)
Pfitzer, S.; Last, R.; Espie, I.; Vuuren, M. van
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell, Berlin, Germany
Citation
Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 2015, 62, 3, pp 288-294
Abstract

Phylogeography data are of paramount importance in studying the molecular epidemiology dynamics of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV). In this study, epithelial samples and oesophageal-pharyngeal fluids were collected from 361 convalescent animals (cattle and buffaloes) in the field throughout...

Author(s)
Sallu, R. S.; Kasanga, C. J.; Mathias, M.; Yongolo, M.; Mpelumbe-Ngeleja, C.; Mulumba, M.; Ranga, E.; Wambura, P.; Rweyemamu, M.; Knowles, N.; King, D.
Publisher
Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, Onderstepoort, South Africa
Citation
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, 2014, 81, 2, pp Art. #736
Abstract

Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) infects humans and livestock, causing haemorrhaging and abortions in animals. Three major RVF epizootics have occurred in South Africa since the 1950s and the outbreak in 2010 had a mortality rate of 10.7% in humans. Accurate and early detection is therefore essential ...

Author(s)
Ellis, C. E.; Mareledwane, V. E.; Williams, R.; Wallace, D. B.; Majiwa, P. A. O.
Publisher
Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, Onderstepoort, South Africa
Citation
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, 2014, 81, 1, pp Art. #675
Abstract

Real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (real-time RT-PCR), histopathology, and immunohistochemical labeling (IHC) were performed on liver specimens from 380 naturally infected cattle and sheep necropsied during the 2010 Rift Valley fever (RVF) epidemic in South Africa....

Author(s)
Odendaal, L.; Fosgate, G. T.; Romito, M.; Coetzer, J. A. W.; Clift, S. J.
Publisher
American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Davis, USA
Citation
Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 2014, 26, 1, pp 49-60

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