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VetMed Resource

Veterinary information to support practice, based on evidence and continuing education

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Abstract

Monitoring programs and guidelines on the use of antibiotics and antibiotic resistance in human and veterinary medicine have been developed worldwide to promote the prudent use of antibiotics in recent years. However, such information on the use of antibiotics in exotic pets is absent. This fact...

Author(s)
Hösli, M.; Overesch, G.; Willi, B.; Heim, D.; Hatt, J. M.
Publisher
Gesellschaft Schweizer Tierärztinnen und Tierärzte GST, Bern, Switzerland
Citation
SAT, Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde, 2021, 163, 3, pp 227-237
Abstract

Compared to surface application, manure subsurface injection significantly reduces transport of manure-associated antibiotics via surface runoff. However, the environmental fate of antibiotics in manure injection slits is unknown. A field investigation was conducted to monitor distribution and...

Author(s)
Le, H. T. V.; Maguire, R. O.; Xia Kang
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Science of the Total Environment, 2021, 759,
Abstract

Small-scale food animal production has been celebrated as a means of economic mobility and improved food security but the use of veterinary antibiotics among these producers may be contributing to the spread of antibiotic resistance in animals and humans. In order to improve antibiotic stewardship...

Author(s)
Butzin-Dozier, Z.; Waters, W. F.; Baca, M.; Vinueza, R. L.; Saraiva-Garcia, C.; Graham, J.
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Antibiotics, 2021, 10, 1,
Abstract

Antibiotic resistance profiles of Escherichia coli were investigated in an intensive pig production system in the uMgungundlovu District, South Africa, using the 'farm-to-fork' approach. Four hundred seventeen (417) samples were collected from pig and pig products at different points (farm,...

Author(s)
Abdalla, S. E.; Abia, A. L. K.; Amoako, D. G.; Perrett, K.; Bester, L. A.; Essack, S. Y.
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Antibiotics, 2021, 10, 2,
Abstract

This register-based study compared the usage of antibiotics and medical zinc oxide (ZnOmed) in three different pig production systems: organic, conventional free-range and conventional indoor in 2016-2018. ZnOmed is used to prevent weaning diarrhoea with a dosage of max 2500 mg zinc/kg feed for 14...

Author(s)
Nielsen, C. L.; Kongsted, H.; Sørensen, J. T.; Krogh, M. A.
Publisher
Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 2021, 189,
Abstract

The extensive use and misuse of antibiotics in the livestock sector is one of the main drivers of the emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance. Although small-scale farms constitute most of the livestock production in low and middle-income countries, knowledge and use of antibiotics among...

Author(s)
Benavides, J. A.; Streicker, D. G.; Gonzales, M. S.; Rojas-Paniagua, E.; Shiva, C.
Publisher
Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 2021, 189,
Abstract

Veterinarians are the main source of information for farmers regarding the responsible use of antibiotics in farm animals and how to reduce the risk of antibiotic resistance. Consequently, understanding how veterinarians perceive their clients' and colleagues' antibiotic use and their own beliefs...

Author(s)
Llanos-Soto, S. G.; Vezeau, N.; Wemette, M.; Bulut, E.; Greiner Safi, A.; Moroni, P.; Shapiro, M. A.; Ivanek, R.
Publisher
Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 2021, 188,
Abstract

The routine use of antibiotics for prevention of disease in neonatal lambs has been highlighted as inappropriate, yet research suggests that many farmers in the UK still carry out this practice. The aim of the study was to understand farmers' naturalistic decision-making around prophylactic ...

Author(s)
Doidge, C.; Ferguson, E.; Lovatt, F.; Kaler, J.
Publisher
Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 2021, 186,
Abstract

Marine bivalves living in pollution-prone coastal areas may be simultaneously coexposed to veterinary antibiotic residuals and microplastics (MPs). However, the synergistic effects of these two types of emergent pollutants have not been fully elucidated in mussel species. Therefore, the immunotoxic ...

Author(s)
Han Yu; Zhou WeiShang; Tang Yu; Shi Wei; Shao YanQing; Ren Peng; Zhang JiongMing; Xiao GuoQiang; Sun HongXiang; Liu GuangXu
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Science of the Total Environment, 2021, 770,
Abstract

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in non-typhoidal Salmonella from poultry is a public health concern. Injudicious use of antibiotics in humans and agriculture fuels the emergence of resistance. The objective of this study was to characterize the prevalence, antibiotic susceptibility profiles and...

Author(s)
Yin Xin; M'ikanatha, N. M.; Nyirabahizi, E.; McDermott, P. F.; Tate, H.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
International Journal of Food Microbiology, 2021, 342,

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