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Abstract

Studies to assess wildlife health commonly evaluate clinical pathology changes, immune responses, pathogen presence, and contaminant exposure, but novel modalities are needed to characterize the unique physiologic responses of reptiles. Lactate is an indicator of hypoperfusion and/or anaerobic...

Author(s)
Klein, K.; Adamovicz, L.; Phillips, C. A.; Allender, M. C.
Publisher
American Association of Zoo Veterinarians, Pomona, USA
Citation
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 2021, 52, 1, pp 259-267
Abstract

Pathogen surveillance is common in chelonians and multiple anatomical sampling sites are used for pathogen detection, but agreement between these sites has not been assessed. The objective of this study was to assess agreement between three sampling sites, oral swab (OS), cloacal swab (CS), and...

Author(s)
Willis, T. J.; Kelly, M.; Adamovicz, L.; Allender, M. C.
Publisher
Wildlife Disease Association, Lawrence, USA
Citation
Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 2022, 58, 2, pp 399-403
Abstract

Herpesviruses are associated with disease in many chelonian species, resulting in pathology such as respiratory tract infection, stomatitis, conjunctivitis, hepatitis, and papillomatosis. Herpesvirus-associated fibropapillomas cause significant morbidity and mortality in marine turtles, and have...

Author(s)
Engel, A. I.; Adamovicz, L.; Wellehan, J. F. X., Jr.; Allender, M. C.
Publisher
Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Journal of Virological Methods, 2020, 286,
Abstract

Few studies have characterized the prevalence of intraerythrocytic parasites in free-ranging chelonian populations or their occurrence across habitats. It is hypothesized that chelonians in different habitats have different exposures to vectors and thus differences in hemoparasite presence. This...

Author(s)
Doke, R.; Hiebert, K.; Repella, M.; Stuart, M.; Mumm, L.; Winter, J.; Adamovicz, L.; Glowacki, G.; Kessler, E.; Allender, M. C.
Publisher
Association of Reptilian and Amphibian Veterinarians, Chester Heights, USA
Citation
Journal of Herpetological Medicine and Surgery, 2022, 32, 1, pp 56-62
Abstract

The Turtle Rescue Team (TRT) at North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine currently sees over 500 chelonian cases a year. Each turtle receives a thorough physical examination as the main evaluation of its health because further diagnostics are cost prohibitive in a...

Author(s)
Gregory, T. M.; Hubbard, C.; Schlake, E.; Mejia, D.; Passingham, K. R.; Lewbart, G. A.; Harrison, T. M.
Publisher
American Association of Zoo Veterinarians, Pomona, USA
Citation
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 2022, 53, 1, pp 209-213
Abstract

Salmonellosis is an important zoonotic infection, and exposure to pet reptiles has been implicated in several human outbreaks. Although several studies report a low prevalence of salmonellae in free-ranging chelonians, they may serve as a reservoir. In spring and summer of 2013 and 2019,...

Author(s)
Doden, G.; Gartlan, B.; Klein, K.; Maddox, C. W.; Adamovicz, L. A.; Allender, M. C.
Publisher
American Association of Zoo Veterinarians, Pomona, USA
Citation
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 2021, 52, 3, pp 863-871
Abstract

Anticoagulants are employed to prevent clotting and preserve cellular morphology for clinical pathology tests. Lithium heparin (LH) is the most frequently used anticoagulant in chelonians; however, dipotassium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) may be superior in some species. Although eastern...

Author(s)
Klein, K.; Gartlan, B.; Doden, G.; Fredrickson, K.; Adamovicz, L.; Allender, M. C.
Publisher
American Association of Zoo Veterinarians, Pomona, USA
Citation
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 2021, 51, 4, pp 999-1006
Abstract

Necropsies were performed on five eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina), found in an area recently subjected to an early-season prescribed fire, to determine whether mortality was burn related. External injuries primarily consisted of burns to exposed extremities and carapacial scutes...

Author(s)
Cross, M. D.; Mayer, J. W.; Cross, D. T.
Publisher
American Association of Zoo Veterinarians, Pomona, USA
Citation
Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 2020, 51, 4, pp 1047-1051
Abstract

Objective To describe the anatomy of the brachial plexus in eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina), develop a blind perineural injection technique for brachial plexus blockade and evaluate the distribution of three volumes of new methylene blue dye for injection in cadavers. Study design ...

Author(s)
Mones, A. B.; Gorges, M. A.; Santangelo, S. M.; Lewbart, G. A.; Harrison, T. M.; Gerard, M. P.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia, 2021, 48, 5, pp 789-797
Abstract

Mortality events in eastern box turtles (Terrapene carolina carolina) threaten conservation efforts across the species range. These events are often under-diagnosed and, when observed, predictive health factors are unavailable prior to death. At Kickapoo State Park in central Illinois, USA,...

Author(s)
Rayl, J. M.; Adamovicz, L.; Stern, A. W.; Vieson, M. D.; Phillips, C. A.; Kelly, M.; Beermann, M.; Allender, M. C.
Publisher
Wildlife Disease Association, Lawrence, USA
Citation
Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 2020, 56, 2, pp 306-315

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