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Abstract

Inhalant anesthesia is challenging in chelonians due to a great capacity for breath-holding and an incomplete separation of the cardiac ventricle. Deoxygenated blood can recirculate back into systemic circulation by bypassing the lung in a process referred to as intracardiac right to left (R-L)...

Author(s)
Greunz, E. M.; Williams, C.; Ringgaard, S.; Hansen, K.; Wang, T.; Bertelsen, M. F.
Publisher
Nature Publishing Group, London, UK
Citation
Scientific Reports, 2018, 8, 1, pp 17124
Abstract

The GABAA receptor agonist midazolam is a compound widely used as a tranquilizer and sedative in mammals and reptiles. It is already known that this benzodiazepine produces small to intermediate heart rate (HR) alterations in mammals, however, its influence on reptiles' HR remains unexplored. Thus, ...

Author(s)
Lopes, I. G.; Armelin, V. A.; Braga, V. H. da S.; Florindo, L. H.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic and Clinical, 2017, 208, pp 103-112
Abstract

The autonomic control of heart rate was studied throughout development in embryos of the green iguana, Iguana iguana by applying receptor agonists and antagonists of the parasympathetic and sympathetic systems. Acetylcholine (Ach) slowed or stopped the heart and atropine antagonized the response to ...

Author(s)
Sartori, M. R.; Leite, C. A. C.; Abe, A. S.; Crossley, D. A., II; Taylor, E. W.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 2015, 188, pp 1-8
AbstractFull Text

A Malabari crossbred goat was presented with history of cobra envenomation. Goat was having fang marks on lower mandible with considerable swelling around it. Subcutaneous administration of Neostigmine was given to counteract anticholinergic effect of cobra venom followed by Atropine sulphate to...

Author(s)
Prasanth, C. R.; Sharun Khan; Ajithkumar, S.
Publisher
Intas Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Ahmedabad, India
Citation
Intas Polivet, 2017, 18, 1, pp 103-104
AbstractFull Text

A Great dane dog was presented with history of snake bite, animal was dull and depressed with symptoms of frothy salivation, abnormal gait, recumbent position, partial paralysis and dyspnoea. Treatment was undertaken with polyvalent anti snake venom serum, fluids, plasma extenders, corticosteroids, ...

Author(s)
Tejinder Singh
Publisher
Intas Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Ahmedabad, India
Citation
Intas Polivet, 2015, 16, 1, pp 138-139
Abstract

Cardiovascular effects (e.g., tachycardia, hypo- and/or hypertension) are often clinical outcomes of snake envenoming. Malayan krait (Bungarus candidus) envenoming has been reported to cause cardiovascular effects that may be related to abnormalities in parasympathetic activity. However, the exact...

Author(s)
Chaisakul, J.; Muhamad Rusdi, A. R.; Hodgson, W. C.; Hatthachote, P.; Suwan, K.; Inchan, A.; Chanhome, L.; Iekhsan Othman; Chootip, K.
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Toxins, 2017, 9, 4, pp 122
Abstract

A dog was brought to the hospital with the history of snake bite in the forelimb. The snake was caught and identified by the snake expert, to be Russell's viper. Clinical examination revealed swelling of the bitten limb with oozing of blood from the bitesite. Dullness, depression, vomition and...

Author(s)
Sonal Shrivastava; Debosri Bhowmick; Shukln, P. C.
Publisher
Society for Advancement of Science and Rural Development, Kalyanpur, India
Citation
Trends in Biosciences, 2013, 6, 1, pp 31-32
Abstract

This chapter covers the pre-anaesthetic preparation and medications and the induction and maintenance of anaesthesia in reptiles. The initial restraint of the reptile patient, restraint techniques and equipment for the Orders Sauria, Serpentes, Chelonia and Crocodylia, aspects of chemical...

Author(s)
Girling, S.
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell, Ames, USA
Citation
Anaesthesia for veterinary nurses, 2009, Ed.2, pp 354-371
Abstract

Iodinated [125I] weak toxin from Naja kaouthia (WTX) cobra venom was injected into mice, and organ-specific binding was monitored. Relatively high levels of [125I]WTX were detected in the adrenal glands. Rat adrenal membranes were therefore used for analysis of [125I]WTX-binding sites. Specific [...

Author(s)
Mordvintsev, D. Yu.; Polyak, Y. L.; Rodionov, D. I.; Jakubik, J.; Dolezal, V.; Karlsson, E.; Tsetlin, V. I.; Utkin, Y. N.
Publisher
Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK
Citation
FEBS Journal, 2009, 276, 18, pp 5065-5075
Abstract

Objective: We investigated effects of both vecuronium bromide, a nicotinic cholinergic antagonist, and atropine, a muscarinic cholinergic antagonist, on the pupil of the turtle to determine whether responses to light are controlled by parasympathetic innervations acting on the iris. Animal studied: ...

Author(s)
Dearworth, J. R., Jr.; Cooper, L. J.; McGee, C.
Publisher
Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK
Citation
Veterinary Ophthalmology, 2007, 10, 2, pp 106-110

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