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Abstract

In this retrospective study, clinical records of nine horses with a diagnosis of Bothrops envenomation were investigated. The accidents were classified as severe (5/9), moderate (2/9), or mild (2/9) according to the adapted bothropic snakebite severity score (BSSS). All snakebites were on the head...

Author(s)
Ferreira, J. F.; Albuquerque, A. L. H.; Amorim, R. M.; Ferreira, R. S.; Takahira, R. K.; Borges, A. S.; Oliveira Filho, J. P.
Publisher
Elsevier, New York, USA
Citation
Journal of Equine Veterinary Science, 2020, 94,
Abstract

Objective - To characterize signalment, clinical and laboratory findings, treatment, and outcome in horses with rattlesnake envenomation in northern California. Design - Retrospective case series. Animals - 58 client-owned horses evaluated for rattlesnake envenomation at 2 referral hospitals from...

Author(s)
Fielding, C. L.; Pusterla, N.; Magdesian, K. G.; Higgins, J. C.; Meier, C. A.
Publisher
American Veterinary Medical Association, Schaumburg, USA
Citation
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 2011, 238, 5, pp 631-635
Abstract

Snake bite envenomations in farm animals are generally overestimated as the cause of mortality in rural areas in Latin America. However, most cases are based only on anecdotal information and assumptions, and lack diagnostic evidence. There are few proven reports of envenomation and death in horses ...

Author(s)
Machado, M.; Wilson, T. M.; Sousa, D. E. R. de; Câmara, A. C. L.; Furlan, F. H.; Almeida e Macêdo, J. T. S.; Pupin, R. C.; Lemos, R. A. A. de; Armién, A. G.; Barros, S. S.; Riet-Correa, F.; Castro, M. B. de
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Toxicon, 2019, 170, pp 41-50
Abstract

Accidents with venomous animals pose a health issue in Brazil, and those involving brown spiders (Loxosceles sp.) figure between the most frequent ones. The accidental envenomation by brown spiders causes a strong local dermonecrotic effect, which can be followed by systemic manifestations that in...

Author(s)
Souza, N. A.; Dias-Lopes, C.; Matoso, Í. H. G.; Oliveira, C. F. B. de; Chávez-Olortegui, C. D.; Minozzo, J. C.; Felicori, L. F.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Vaccine, 2018, 36, 48, pp 7324-7330
AbstractFull Text

Bee envenomation is frequent in humans and dogs, but uncommon in horses. This study aimed to describe a case of acute renal failure following mass envenomation in a horse. A mare was attacked by a swarm of bees and showed reluctance to move, epistaxis, and darkbrown urine. Biochemical exams...

Author(s)
Ribeiro, P. R.; Bianchi, M. V.; Henker, L. C.; Gonzales, F.; Pavarini, S. P.
Publisher
Centro de Ciências Rurais, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Brazil
Citation
Ciência Rural, 2020, 50, 5,
Abstract

Antivenom antibody titers following administration of rattlesnake venom for antivenom production in horses are well documented; however, antivenom antibody titers following natural rattlesnake envenomation in horses are not. Antibody titers produced in response to the commercially available...

Author(s)
Gilliam, L. L.; Carmichael, R. C.; Holbrook, T. C.; Taylor, J. M.; Ownby, C. L.; McFarlane, D.; Payton, M. E.
Publisher
American Society for Microbiology (ASM), Washington, USA
Citation
Clinical and Vaccine Immunology, 2013, 20, 5, pp 732-737
Abstract

Antivenoms are fundamental in the therapy for snakebites. In elapid venoms, there are toxins, e.g. short-chain α-neurotoxins, which are quite abundant, highly toxic, and consequently play a major role in envenomation processes. The core problem is that such α-neurotoxins are weakly immunogenic, and ...

Author(s)
Rosa, G. de la; Olvera, F.; Archundia, I. G.; Lomonte, B.; Alagón, A.; Corzo, G.
Publisher
Nature Publishing Group, London, UK
Citation
Nature Communications, 2019, 10, 8,
Abstract

This article focuses on envenomation due to Crotalus spp (rattlesnakes) within the Crotalidae family (pit vipers) - one of three families of venomous snakes in North America. Highlights focused on the clinical aspects, diagnosis, and treatment of rattlesnake envenomation in horses.

Author(s)
Wilfong, D.
Publisher
Veterinary Learning Systems Inc., Yardley, USA
Citation
Veterinary Technician, 2011, 32, 12, pp unpaginated
Abstract

Envenomation by scorpions of the genus Tityus is an important public health problem in Argentina, involving near 8000 stings and 2 deaths each year. Treatment for envenomation is the use of specific antivenom and intensive hospital care. Antivenom is produced by the Ministry of Health and freely...

Author(s)
Roodt, A. R. de; Lanari, L. C.; Laskowicz, R. D.; Oliveira, V. C. de; Litwin, S.; Calderon, L.; Damin, C. F.; Dokmetjian, J. C.; Dolab, J. A.; Lago, N. R.; Lértora, E.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Toxicon, 2019, 159, pp 5-13
AbstractFull Text

The present work aims to describe the clinical, anatomopathological and treatment changes of two horses that suffered multiple stings from Africanized bees. Two mares, one Quarter Horse and the other mixed breed, both weighing approximately 400 kg, were attacked by bees in the rural area of the...

Author(s)
Lima, J. C. S. de J.; Martins, M. T.; Catalano, F. A. R.
Publisher
Pontificia Universidade Católica do Paraná, São José dos Pinhais, Brazil
Citation
Revista Acadêmica: Ciência Animal, 2020, 18, 18504,

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