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Abstract

Background: Snake envenomation is a cause of morbidity and mortality in domestic animals worldwide. The clinical features of crotalid snake (pit viper) envenomation are widely reported and well described in horses but elapid snake envenomation is poorly characterised. Objectives: To describe the...

Author(s)
Bamford, N. J.; Sprinkle, S. B.; Cudmore, L. A.; Cullimore, A. M.; Eps, A. W. van; Verdegaal, E. J. M. M.; Tennent-Brown, B. S.
Publisher
Wiley, Oxford, UK
Citation
Equine Veterinary Journal, 2018, 50, 2, pp 196-201
Abstract

Snakebite is a significant animal health problem for domestic animals in Australia. Animals are more frequently envenomed than humans, perhaps due to their innate hunting instincts. The Australian continent is home to many highly venomous snakes. The most common snake species responsible for animal ...

Author(s)
Padula, A. M.; Ong HuiMei; Kelers, K.
Publisher
Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands
Citation
Clinical toxinology in Australia, Europe, and Americas, 2017, pp 505-536
Abstract

Background: A 7-year-old Thoroughbred gelding presented with muscle fasciculation, reluctance to move, profuse sweating, tachycardia, tachypnoea and a localised, unilateral swelling on the muzzle. History and physical examination were suggestive of snake envenomation. Methods: A sandwich ELISA for...

Author(s)
Cullimore, A. M.; Lester, G. D.; Swindells, K. L.
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell, Melbourne, Australia
Citation
Australian Veterinary Journal, 2013, 91, 9, pp 381-384
Abstract

A fatal outcome of a presumed tiger snake (Notechis scutatus) envenomation in a cat is described. Detectable venom components and antivenom concentrations in serum from clotted and centrifuged whole blood and urine were measured using a sensitive and specific ELISA. The cat presented in a paralysed ...

Author(s)
Padula, A. M.; Winkel, K. D.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Toxicon, 2016, 113, pp 7-10
Abstract

Case report: The clinical course of toxic envenomation of a mare and her foal after an attack by a swarm of bees in the Upper Hunter Valley of New South Wales is described. Early agitation and urticaria were followed by more severe systemic clinical signs within 18h. There was severe, generalised...

Author(s)
Lewis, N.; Racklyeft, D. J.
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell, Melbourne, Australia
Citation
Australian Veterinary Journal, 2014, 92, 5, pp 141-148
Abstract

Objective: Review 103 cases of presumed tick envenomation in horses. Design: Retrospective study. Method: Variables, including date of presentation, age, breed, weight, presence of ticks, gait and respiration scores, duration of recumbency, treatment, outcome and complications were recorded. A...

Author(s)
Ruppin, M.; Sullivan, S.; Condon, F.; Perkins, N.; Lee, L.; Jeffcott, L. B.; Dart, A. J.
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell, Melbourne, Australia
Citation
Australian Veterinary Journal, 2012, 90, 5, pp 175-180
Abstract

Introduction: It has been over 20 years since a national review of recorded deaths from snake envenoming. The present study aimed to provide an updated review of the epidemiology of deaths from snake bites in Australia. Methods: Deaths were identified from January 2000 to December 2016 from the...

Author(s)
Welton, R. E.; Liew, D.; Braitberg, G.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Toxicon, 2017, 131, pp 11-15
Abstract

The redback spider (Latrodectus hasseltii Thorell) reportedly invaded Japan in September 1995. To date, 84 redback spider bite cases have been reported; 7 of these cases employed the antivenom. Antivenom has been imported from Australia in the past, but because of restrictions on exportation it was ...

Author(s)
Matsumura, T.; Mashiko, R.; Sato, T.; Itokawa, K.; Maekawa, Y.; Ogawa, K.; Isawa, H.; Yamamoto, A.; Mori, S.; Horita, A.; Ginnaga, A.; Miyatsu, Y.; Takahashi, M.; Taki, H.; Hifumi, T.; Sawabe, K.; Ato, M.
Publisher
National Institute of Infectious Diseases (NIID), Tokyo, Japan
Citation
Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases, 2018, 71, 2, pp 116-121
Abstract

A 9-year-old Miniature Horse gelding infested with ticks (Ixodes holocyclus) was presented with flaccid motor paralysis causing recumbency. Neurological examination and other diagnostic tests did not identify an alternative aetiology, leading to a presumptive diagnosis of tick paralysis. The...

Author(s)
Tee, S. Y.; Feary, D. J.
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell, Melbourne, Australia
Citation
Australian Veterinary Journal, 2012, 90, 5, pp 181-185
Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of a commercially available snake venom detection kit (SVDK), produced by CSL, in detecting snake venom in equine urine and plasma using known concentrations of 5 clinically significant immunotypes of Australian snake venoms (...

Author(s)
Frobes, G.; Church, S.
Publisher
Australian Veterinary Association (N.S.W) Division, Artarmon, Australia
Citation
Australian Equine Veterinarian, 2010, 29, 4, pp 57-61

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