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Abstract

Pneumocystis pneumonia is an opportunistic respiratory infection that occurs in immunocompromised animals. In horses, pneumocystic pneumonia is observed mostly in foals and often progresses rapidly. Here, we report pneumocystic pneumonia in a Thoroughbred racehorse. A 3-year-old Thoroughbred...

Author(s)
Ueno, T.; Niwa, H.; Kinoshita, Y.; Katayama, Y.; Hobo, S.
Publisher
Elsevier, New York, USA
Citation
Journal of Equine Veterinary Science, 2014, 34, 2, pp 333-336
Abstract

The bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) is a procedure, which is used to differentiate and evaluate various lower airway diseases in adult horses. In foals this method is the best way to diagnose a Pneumocystis carinii infection in vivo. Bronchoalveolar lavages are also useful for pharmacokinetic studies...

Author(s)
Block, W.; Lämmer, M.; Venner, M.
Publisher
Hippiatrika Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Stuttgart, Germany
Citation
Pferdeheilkunde, 2011, 27, 5, pp 495-503
Abstract

A 6-month-old male Quarter Horse was evaluated for chronic respiratory tract disease. Diagnostic investigations revealed pulmonary inflammation; Pneumocystis carinii was detected within macrophages. Lymphocyte subpopulation phenotyping and immunoglobulin concentration analyses were performed and...

Author(s)
Clark-Price, S. C.; Cox, J. H.; Bartoe, J. T.; Davis, E. G.
Publisher
American Veterinary Medical Association, Schaumburg, USA
Citation
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 2004, 224, 3, pp 407-410
Abstract

Pulmonary diseases play an important role in equine medicine and demonstrate an often underestimated challenge in equine sports medicine. However, besides orthopedic problems pulmonary disorders are the most common reason for exercise intolerance in horses. There are three main respiratory disease...

Author(s)
Kühn, H.
Publisher
Terra-Verlag GmbH, Konstanz, Germany
Citation
Tierärztliche Umschau, 2012, 67, 10, pp 404...413
Abstract

Fluorescent in situ hybridization, immunohistochemistry, and Grocott's methenamine-silver nitrate staining were compared as diagnostic methods for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in formalin-fixed lung tissue from foals and pigs. An oligonucleotide probe targeting 18S ribosomal RNA of P. carinii was ...

Author(s)
Jensen, T. K.; Boye, M.; Bille-Hansen, V.
Publisher
American College of Veterinary Pathologists Inc, Lawrence, USA
Citation
Veterinary Pathology, 2001, 38, 3, pp 269-274
Abstract

A 5-year-old Paso-Fino mare was presented to the University of Florida Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, USA [date not given] due to severe respiratory distress. The mare had foaled 2 months prior to presentation. The horse was in poor body condition with a dull hair coat. A mild fever was...

Author(s)
MacNeill, A. L.; Alleman, A. R.; Franklin, R. P.; Long, M.; Giguère, S.; Uhl, E.; López-Martinez, A.; Wilkerson, M.
Publisher
American Society of Veterinary Clinical Pathology, Baton Rouge, USA
Citation
Veterinary Clinical Pathology, 2003, 32, 2, pp 73-76
Abstract

A suspicion for fungal pneumonia must be established in the equine patient based on clinical signs, geographical location, and exclusion of more common pathogens. From there, a combination of diagnostic procedures must be used to achieve a definitive diagnosis of the exact fungal agent. As...

Author(s)
Higgins, J. C.; Pusterla, N.
Publisher
Elsevier Inc., Philadelphia, USA
Citation
Clinical Techniques in Equine Practice, 2006, 5, 3, pp 218-224
Abstract

Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia was diagnosed in 3 foals. In 2 foals diagnosis was made by histological evaluation of pulmonary tissue. On retrospective evaluation, P. carinii cysts were found on sediment smears of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in 1 foal. A third foal was diagnosed as having...

Author(s)
Ewing, P. J.; Cowell, R. L.; Tyler, R. D.; MacAllister, C. G.; Meinkoth, J. H.
Citation
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 1994, 204, 6, pp 929-933
Abstract

A case of P. carinii pneumonia was diagnosed in a 4-month-old Paint filly at the Kansas State University, USA [date not given]. Cytological evaluation of bronchoalveolar lavage showed low cellularity with predominantly mononuclear inflammation. The proportion of peripheral lymphocyte subpopulations ...

Author(s)
Flaminio, M. J. B. F.; Rush, B. R.; Cox, J. H.; Moore, W. E.
Citation
Australian Veterinary Journal, 1998, 76, 6, pp 399-402
Abstract

Author(s)
Franklin, R. P.; Long, M. T.; MacNeill, A.; Alleman, R.; Giguère, S.; Uhl, E.; López-Martinez, A.; Wilkerson, M.
Publisher
American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Lakewood, USA
Citation
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 2002, 16, 5, pp 607-611

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