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Abstract

Background: Strangles is a contagious equine-specific disease caused by Streptococcus equi subsp. equi. Unfortunately, detection of S. equi can fail in up to 40% of horses with strangles. Whereas recent molecular biologic methods and sampling techniques have improved recovery of S. equi optimal...

Author(s)
Lindahl, S.; Båverud, V.; Egenvall, A.; Aspán, A.; Pringle, J.
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell, Boston, USA
Citation
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 2013, 27, 3, pp 542-547
Abstract

The objective of this study was compare the diagnostic sensitivity of nasal swabs with the traditionally recommended nasopharyngeal swabs for the molecular detection of equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1). Samples were collected during an outbreak of myeloencephalopathic EHV-1 at a Thoroughbred...

Author(s)
Pusterla, N.; Mapes, S.; Wilson, W. D.
Publisher
British Veterinary Association, London, UK
Citation
Veterinary Record, 2008, 162, 16, pp 520-521
Abstract

Strangles is a highly contagious equine disease caused by Streptococcus equi ssp. equi. Prophylactic hygiene measures as well as the identification and treatment of clinically inconspicuous carrier animals are necessary to prevent outbreaks of strangles. In order to find out to what extent...

Author(s)
Stöckle, S. D.; Winter, J. C.; Schöpe, S. S.; Gehlen, F.
Publisher
Hippiatrika Verlag GmbH, Baden-Baden, Germany
Citation
Pferdeheilkunde, 2019, 35, 3, pp 258-264
Abstract

Baloxavir marboxil (BXM), an inhibitor of the cap-dependent endonuclease of the influenza virus polymerase acidic protein (PA), exerts an antiviral effect against influenza A virus. It has been available in Japan since March 2018. This study evaluated the antiviral efficacy of BXM against equine...

Author(s)
Nemoto, M.; Tamura, N.; Bannai, H.; Tsujimura, K.; Kokado, H.; Ohta, M.; Yamanaka, T.
Publisher
Microbiology Society, London, UK
Citation
Journal of General Virology, 2019, 100, 11, pp 1325
Abstract

Background: Streptococcus equi subsp equi (S. equi) is the cause of "equine strangles" which is a highly infectious upper respiratory disease. Detection of S. equi is influenced by site of specimen collection, method of sampling, and type of diagnostic test that is performed. We hypothesized (i)...

Author(s)
Boyle, A. G.; Stefanovski, D.; Rankin, S. C.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
BMC Veterinary Research, 2017, 13, 75, pp (23 March 2017)
Abstract

Background: Bacterial culture and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays for the detection of Streptococcus equi in nasopharyngeal washes (NPW) and guttural pouch lavage (GPL) samples have low sensitivity. In human diagnostics, processing of samples with flocked swabs has improved recovery rates of ...

Author(s)
Boyle, A. G.; Rankin, S. C.; Duffee, L.; Boston, R. C.; Wheeler-Aceto, H.
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell, Boston, USA
Citation
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 2016, 30, 1, pp 276-281
AbstractFull Text

The nasopharyngeal swabbing technique for the molecular detection of equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) is not well tolerated in horses; nasal swabbing represents a viable alternative. Nasal swabs seem to be diagnostically more sensitive than nasopharyngeal swabs for the detection of low EHV-1 loads in...

Author(s)
Pusterla, N.; Mapes, S.; Wilson, W. D.
Publisher
American Association of Equine Practitioners (AAEP), Lexington, USA
Citation
Proceedings of the 53rd Annual Convention of the American Association of Equine Practitioners, Orlando, Florida, USA, 1-5 December, 2007, 2007, pp 220-224
Abstract

Equine influenza (EI) is a major respiratory disease of horses. Recent outbreaks of EI have demonstrated the ease with which EI virus (EIV) can be transmitted internationally. This study aimed to improve our understanding of EIV shedding after infection of vaccinated horses, which would inform...

Author(s)
Paillot, R.; Prowse, L.; Montesso, F.; Stewart, B.; Jordon, L.; Newton, J. R.; Gilkerson, J. R.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Veterinary Microbiology, 2013, 166, 1/2, pp 22-34
Abstract

After strangles outbreaks, Streptococcus equi ssp. equi (S. equi) can persist in clinically normal silent carriers for months to years. Two naturally occurring outbreaks of strangles with 53 and 100% morbidity, respectively, were followed longitudinally to assess occurrence of carrier state and...

Author(s)
Pringle, J.; Venner, M.; Tscheschlok, L.; Bächi, L.; Riihimäki, M.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Veterinary Journal, 2019, 246, pp 66-70
Abstract

A novel automated high throughput protocol for extracting DNA from anticoagulated blood and nasopharyngeal swabs from healthy horses and horses infected with equine herpesvirus 1 (EHV-1) is described, and was compared with a manual extraction method. 20 blood and 20 nasopharyngeal swabs from 10...

Author(s)
Mapes, S.; Leutenegger, C. M.; Pusterla, N.
Publisher
British Veterinary Association, London, UK
Citation
Veterinary Record, 2008, 162, 26, pp 857-859

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