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Abstract

Background: Glycogen in skeletal muscle is a major source of energy during exercise and an important determinant of endurance capacity, so that its measurement may provide a meaningful marker of athletes' preparation and a possible predictor of performance, both in humans and in equines. Gold...

Author(s)
Tabozzi, S. A.; Stancari, G.; Zucca, E.; Tajoli, M.; Stucchi, L.; Lafortuna, C. L.; Ferrucci, F.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
BMC Veterinary Research, 2021, 17, 121, pp (16 March 2021)
AbstractFull Text

Muscle biopsy is considered as a gold standard for evaluations of muscle integrity and pathological conditions in horse skeletal muscle. A semi-automated microbiopsy device with small needle has recently been introduced in horse muscle research, however there is no report on the quality of the ...

Author(s)
Chanda, M.; Srikuea, R.; Piyachaturawat, P.
Publisher
Faculty of Veterinary Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand
Citation
Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 2016, 46, 4, pp 569-577
Abstract

Background: A subset of horses deficient in alpha-tocopherol (α-TP) develop muscle atrophy and vitamin E-responsive myopathy (VEM) characterized by mitochondrial alterations in the sacrocaudalis dorsalis medialis muscle (SC). Objectives: To quantify muscle histopathologic abnormalities in...

Author(s)
Bookbinder, L.; Finno, C. J.; Firshman, A. M.; Katzman, S. A.; Burns, E.; Peterson, J.; Dahlgren, A.; Ming-Whitfield, B.; Glessner, S.; Borer-Matsui, A.; Valberg, S. J.
Publisher
Wiley, Boston, USA
Citation
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 2019, 33, 6, pp 2770-2779
Abstract

Variants of the Myostatin gene have been shown to have an influence on muscle hypertrophy phenotypes in a wide range of mammalian species. Recently, a Thoroughbred horse with a C-Allele at the g.66493737C/T single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) has been reported to be suited to short-distance...

Author(s)
Miyata, H.; Itoh, R.; Sato, F.; Takebe, N.; Hada, T.; Tozaki, T.
Publisher
Springer-Japan, Tokyo, Japan
Citation
Journal of Physiological Sciences, 2018, 68, 5, pp 639-646
AbstractFull Text

Several acronyms have been used for polysaccharide storage myopathy besides PSSM including EPSM and EPSSM and debate existed as to whether these acronyms encompassed one muscle condition. In 2008, the presence of amylase- resistant polysaccharide in skeletal muscle from Quarter Horses was found to...

Author(s)
Valberg, S. J.
Publisher
Pontificia Universidade Católica do Paraná, São José dos Pinhais, Brazil
Citation
Revista Acadêmica: Ciência Animal, 2019, 17, Supl. 2, pp 96-102
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To characterize clinical findings for polysaccharide storage myopathy (PSSM) in warmblood horses with type 1 PSSM (PSSM1; caused by mutation of the glycogen synthase 1 gene) and type 2 PSSM (PSSM2; unknown etiology). SAMPLE: Database with 3,615 clinical muscle biopsy submissions....

Author(s)
Lewis, S. S.; Nicholson, A. M.; Williams, Z. J.; Valberg, S. J.
Publisher
American Veterinary Medical Association, Schaumburg, USA
Citation
American Journal of Veterinary Research, 2017, 78, 11, pp 1305-1312
Abstract

The skeletal muscle of exercising horses develops pronounced hyperthermia and acidosis during strenuous or prolonged exercise, with very high tissue temperature and low pH associated with muscle fatigue or damage. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the individual effects of physiologically...

Author(s)
Davis, M. S.; Fulton, M. R.; Popken, A.
Publisher
Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, Netherlands
Citation
Comparative Exercise Physiology, 2021, 17, 2, pp 171-179
Abstract

Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is an essential component of the mitochondrial electron transport chain (ETC). Decreased skeletal muscle CoQ10 content may result in decreased ETC activity and energy production. This study tested the hypotheses that supplementation with oral CoQ10 will increase plasma CoQ10...

Author(s)
Rooney, M. F.; Curley, C. E.; Sweeney, J.; Griffin, M. E.; Porter, R. K.; Hill, E. W.; Katz, L. M.
Publisher
Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, Netherlands
Citation
Journal of Applied Animal Nutrition, 2020, 8, 1, pp 11-20
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To compare effects of training on conventional and underwater treadmills on fiber properties and metabolic responses of the superficial digital flexor (SDF) and gluteal muscles to high-speed exercise in horses. SAMPLE: 6 unconditioned Quarter Horse-type horses. PROCEDURES: 6 horses were...

Author(s)
Firshman, A. M.; Borgia, L. A.; Valberg, S. J.
Publisher
American Veterinary Medical Association, Schaumburg, USA
Citation
American Journal of Veterinary Research, 2015, 76, 12, pp 1058-1065
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To develop a method to maintain the initial phenotype of airway smooth muscle (ASM) cells isolated from equine endobronchial biopsy specimens in long-term cell culture. SAMPLE: Endobronchial tissue specimens (8 to 10/horse) collected from the lungs of previously healthy horses at...

Author(s)
Vargas, A.; Peltier, A.; Dubé, J.; Lefebvre-Lavoie, J.; Moulin, V.; Goulet, F.; Lavoie, J. P.
Publisher
American Veterinary Medical Association, Schaumburg, USA
Citation
American Journal of Veterinary Research, 2017, 78, 3, pp 359-370

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