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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To compare the extent of inflammation and catabolic collagen response in the middle carpal joints (MCJs) of healthy horses following intra-articular injection of 2% lidocaine, 2% mepivacaine, lactated Ringer solution (LRS), or 1% methyl parahydroxybenzoate. ANIMALS: 17 adult horses....

Author(s)
Adler, D. M. T.; Serteyn, D.; Franck, T.; Jørgensen, E.; Christophersen, M. T.; Denwood, M.; Verwilghen, D. R.
Publisher
American Veterinary Medical Association, Schaumburg, USA
Citation
American Journal of Veterinary Research, 2020, 81, 6, pp 479-487
Abstract

The aim of the present study was to establish appropriate doses for both lidocaine hydrochloride (Hcl) and mepivacaine in intravenous regional analgesia (IVRA) and to assess their intraoperative and postoperative analgesic effects in horses with distal limb surgeries. A total of 55 draft horses...

Author(s)
Samy, A.; Elmetwally, M.; El-Khodery, S. A.
Publisher
Elsevier, New York, USA
Citation
Journal of Equine Veterinary Science, 2020, 91,
Abstract

Background: Local anaesthetics are being combined clinically with amikacin in intravenous regional limb perfusion (IVRLP), with limited knowledge on the analgesia provided and its onset and duration of action after tourniquet application and release. Objective To evaluate the systemic clinical...

Author(s)
Mendez-Angulo, J. L.; Granados, M. M.; Modesto, R.; Serrano-Rodriguez, J. M.; Funes, F. J.; Quiros, S.; Gomez-Villamandos, R. J.; Zaldívar, S.; Trumble, T. N.
Publisher
Wiley, Oxford, UK
Citation
Equine Veterinary Journal, 2020, 52, 5, pp 743-751
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess onset of analgesia for 3% chloroprocaine hydrochloride and 2% mepivacaine hydrochloride when used for median and ulnar nerve blocks in lame horses. ANIMALS: 6 naturally lame horses. PROCEDURES: A crossover experiment was conducted. Horses were assigned to 1 of 2 treatment...

Author(s)
Boone, L. H.; DeGraves, F. J.; Klein, C. E.; Schumacher, R. C. C. J.
Publisher
American Veterinary Medical Association, Schaumburg, USA
Citation
American Journal of Veterinary Research, 2020, 81, 1, pp 13-16
Abstract

Background: In horses undergoing castration, direct comparison of intratesticular lidocaine vs mepivacaine as analgesic adjuncts has not yet been analysed. Objective To compare the effects of intratesticular lidocaine and mepivacaine during equine castration using the Henderson drill under total...

Author(s)
Crandall, A.; Hopster, K.; Grove, A.; Levine, D.
Publisher
Wiley, Oxford, UK
Citation
Equine Veterinary Journal, 2020, 52, 6, pp 805-810
Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the effects of intra-articular (IA) mepivacaine administration prior to carpal arthroscopy on anesthetic drug requirements, blood pressure support, hemodynamic variables, and quality of recovery in horses. Study design: Experimental, analytical, cohort study. Sample...

Author(s)
Gaesser, A. M.; Varner, K. M.; Douglas, H. F.; Barr, C. A.; Hopster, K.; Levine, D. G.
Publisher
Wiley, Boston, USA
Citation
Veterinary Surgery, 2020, 49, 7, pp 1343-1349
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the in vitro effects of clinically relevant concentrations of the local anesthetics (LAs) bupivacaine, lidocaine, lidocaine with preservative (LP), mepivacaine, and ropivacaine on equine chondrocyte and fibroblast-like synoviocyte (FLS) viability. SAMPLES: Chondrocytes and ...

Author(s)
Adler, D. M. T.; Frellesen, J. F.; Karlsen, C. V.; Jensen, L. D.; Dahm, A. S. Q.; Berg, L. C.
Publisher
American Veterinary Medical Association, Schaumburg, USA
Citation
American Journal of Veterinary Research, 2021, 82, 6, pp 478-486
Abstract

Objective: To establish and compare the onset and duration of action of 2 local anesthetics based on objective lameness and skin sensitivity assessment. Study design: Interventional crossover experimental trial with balanced randomization. Animals Eight horses. Methods: Reversible forelimb lameness ...

Author(s)
Hoerdemann, M.; Smith, R. L.; Hosgood, G.
Publisher
Wiley, Boston, USA
Citation
Veterinary Surgery, 2017, 46, 7, pp 986-993
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To compare the speed of onset and analgesic effect of mepivacaine deposited within or immediately outside the neurovascular bundle at the base of the proximal sesamoid bones in horses. ANIMALS: 6 horses with naturally occurring forefoot-related lameness. PROCEDURES In a crossover study...

Author(s)
Schumacher, J.; Cole, R. C.; Degraves, F. J.; Cofield, L. G.
Publisher
American Veterinary Medical Association, Schaumburg, USA
Citation
American Journal of Veterinary Research, 2020, 81, 5, pp 394-399
Abstract

Objective: To compare the efficacy and duration of effect of three local anesthetics on corneal sensitivity when administered subconjunctivally in horses. Animals studied: Eight healthy adult horses. Procedure: A randomized, masked, crossover study design was used, with a two-week washout period...

Author(s)
Jinks, M. R.; Fontenot, R. L.; Wills, R. W.; Betbeze, C. M.
Publisher
Wiley, Boston, USA
Citation
Veterinary Ophthalmology, 2018, 21, 5, pp 498-506

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