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The objective of this study was to compare an Acoustic Puncture Assist Device-Epidural Locator (APAD-EL) with the "pop sensation" (POP) and "lack of resistance" (LOR) commonly used to confirm penetration of the ligamentum flavum and to ensure correct epidural placement in dogs and cats. We...

Ertelt, K.; Turković, V.; Moens, Y.
Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges, Washington, USA
Journal of Veterinary Medical Education, 2016, 43, 1, pp 21-25