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Changes in the cervical trachea in dogs and cats cause breathing difficulties and could be due to tumors, foreign bodies, tracheal collapse, hypoplasia, segmental stenosis, prolonged post-intubation stenosis and injuries. The latter, however, is the main cause of breakage or tracheal stenosis, and...

Benedetti, D. T.; Pantaleão, R. de C.; Amstalden, D.; Coutinho, R. B.; Alves, R. C.; Magalhães, H. F.
Editora Guará, São Paulo, Brazil
Clínica Veterinária, 2015, 20, 114, pp 82-90