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VetMed Resource

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Downer cows are a common presentation in cattle practice, especially in the post calving period. While the causes of recumbency in cows can be divided into metabolic, toxic, alimentary, nervous and musculoskeletal categories, a precise "cow-side" diagnosis can, on occasions, be very difficult....

Harwood, J. P. P.
British Cattle Veterinary Association, Frampton-on-Severn, UK
Cattle Practice, 2003, 11, 2, pp 89-92