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VetMed Resource

Veterinary information to support practice, based on evidence and continuing education

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Abstract

Analysis of rumen contents is helpful in solving poisoning cases when ingestion of a toxic substance by cattle or other ruminant animals is suspected. The most common technique employs extraction of the sample with organic solvent followed by clean-up method(s) before analysis with gas...

Author(s)
Vudathala, D. K.; Cummings, M. R.; Murphy, L. A.
Publisher
American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Davis, USA
Citation
Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 2014, 26, 4, pp 531-537
Abstract

This article discusses the etiology, mechanism of action, clinical signs, and diagnostic tests used to identify toxic agents that affect the nervous system of ruminants. The article is not intended to be an exhaustive review of each agent, but a reference for establishing a differential diagnosis...

Author(s)
Niles, G. A.
Publisher
Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier, Philadelphia, USA
Citation
Veterinary Clinics of North America, Food Animal Practice, 2017, 33, 1, pp 111-138
Abstract

An outbreak of metaldehyde poisoning in a dairy herd in the UK [date not given] is described. Out of 27 cows, 3 were found dead, 12 more died, 2 were euthanized and 10 eventually recovered. The bulk milk from the affected cows were discarded until subsequent testings showed that milk samples were...

Author(s)
Daniel, R.; Lewis, D.; Payne, J.
Publisher
BMJ Publishing Group, London, UK
Citation
Veterinary Record, 2009, 165, 19, pp 575-576
Abstract

Over a 12-day period, 13 animals in a herd of 110 beef cattle developed ataxia with profound muscle fasciculations progressing to recumbency. Twelve animals (5 adults and 7 calves from 8-10 months of age) died, and 1 cow was euthanized. Hemorrhagic diarrhea occurred in some, but not all, animals....

Author(s)
Valentine, B. A.; Rumbeiha, W. K.; Hensley, T. S.; Halse, R. R.
Publisher
American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Davis, USA
Citation
Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 2007, 19, 2, pp 212-215
Abstract

Three instances of metaldehyde poisoning in calves and cows having access to slug pellets are described. The symptoms included profuse salivation, incoordination, hyperaesthesia, partial blindness, frothy diarrhoea, increased respiratory rate, and temperature of 100 deg -103 deg F. The principal...

Author(s)
Stubbings, D. P.; Edginton, A. B.; Lyon, D. G.; Spence, J. B.; Clark, M. H.
Citation
Veterinary Record, 1976, 98, 18, pp 356-357
Abstract

An incident in which 12 dairy cattle showed symptoms of metaldehyde poisoning after eating slug bait pellets is described. Four cows died and one was slaughtered.

Author(s)
Longbottom, G. M.; Gordon, A. S. M.
Citation
Veterinary Record, 1979, 104, 20, pp 454-455
Abstract

Author(s)
Duff, S.
Citation
Veterinary Record, 1986, 119, 25/26, pp 636
Abstract

Animal Industry Division. Health of Livestock. £107, 595 compensation was paid for diseased animals slaughtered and £64, 170 for loss of production for cows and heifers condemned as reactors to the tuberculin test. The incidence of TUBERCULOSIS in cattle and pigs is given as: cows 9.2%, bullocks...

Author(s)
Tennent, R. B.
Publisher
Wellington : R. E. Owen, Government Printer.,
Citation
Report of the Department of Agriculture for the year ended 31 March 1958., 1958, pp 161 pp.
Abstract

A simple semi-quantitative chemical screening test is described. It confirms whether metaldehyde is present in tissues and gives an approximate value for the amount present. It has been used on blood and serum samples from poisoned cattle (VB 46, abst. 4679) and on tissues of pigeons given...

Author(s)
Wardall, G. L.; Bailey, S.
Citation
Veterinary Record, 1976, 99, 14, pp 274
Datasheet

There exist over 200 distinct breeds of sheep Ovis aries. The breeds differ in their physical characteristics. Female sheep tend to be smaller than...

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