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Abstract

Claviceps purpurea is the fungus associated with ergotism. Ergotism is a disease caused by the ingestion of esclerodios called ergot, which contains alkaloids that act on dopaminergic and adrenergic receptors, causing seratoninergic effect on blood vessels, smooth muscles and central nervous and...

Author(s)
Hemckmeier, D.; Galindo, C. M.; Melchioretto, E.; Gava, A.; Casa, R. T.
Publisher
Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Citation
Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira, 2018, 38, 5, pp 875-882
Abstract

Ergot alkaloids, in their active isomeric form, affect animal health and performance, and adsorbents are used to mitigate toxicities by reducing bioavailability. Adsorbents with high specificity (molecularly imprinted polymers: MIP) adsorb ergot alkaloids in vitro, but require evaluation for...

Author(s)
Kudupoje, M. B.; Klotz, J. L.; Yiannikouris, A.; Dawson, K. A.; McLeod, K. R.; Vanzant, E. S.
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Toxins, 2018, 10, 2, pp 58
Abstract

Twelve of 100 beef calves in central South Dakota had loss of tail switches and tail tips in the summer of 2014. The problem was noticed in July. Many of the calves were being raised to be show calves. All 12 affected calves had tail lesions and 3 were suffering from early lameness. Chemical...

Author(s)
Miskimins, D. W.; Neiger, R. D.; Beaty, J.; Evans, T. J.; Daly, R.
Publisher
American Association of Bovine Practitioners, Stillwater, USA
Citation
Bovine Practitioner, 2015, 49, 2, pp 156-158
Abstract

Four primary mycotoxicosis have been reported in livestock caused by fungal infections of grasses or cereals by members of the Clavicipitaceae family. Ergotism (generally associated with grasses, rye, triticale and other grains) and fescue toxicosis (associated with tall fescue grass, Festuca...

Author(s)
Canty, M. J.; Fogarty, U.; Sheridan, M. K.; Ensley, S. M.; Schrunk, D. E.; More, S. J.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
Irish Veterinary Journal, 2014, 67, 21, pp (25 September 2014)
Abstract

During December/January 1996/97 typical summer syndrome (hyperthermia and a 30% drop in milk yield) occurred in succession in two Holstein dairy herds (n=240 and n=150 milking cows, respectively) on the South African Highveld. These farms are situated in the midst of the prime maize and dairy...

Author(s)
Naudè, T. W.; Botha, C. J.; Vorster, J. H.; Roux, C.; Linde, E. J. van der; Walt, S. I. van der; Rottinghaus, G. E.; Jaarsveld, L. van; Lawrence, A. N.
Publisher
Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, Onderstepoort, South Africa
Citation
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, 2005, 72, 1, pp 23-37
Abstract

An orphan disease was observed in a young calf presenting dry gangrene of the extremities with necrosis of the hind legs, ears and tail. Careful clinical examination and differential diagnosis with other causes of dry gangrene have been made including frostbite, bovine virus diarrhea and poisoning...

Author(s)
Ayachi, A.; Bennoune, O.; Benterki, M. S.; Heleili, N.
Publisher
IDOSI Publications, Faisalabad, Pakistan
Citation
World Applied Sciences Journal, 2012, 17, 7, pp 856-859
Abstract

Author(s)
Pedrosa, K.
Publisher
Positive Action Publications Ltd, Driffield, UK
Citation
International Dairy Topics, 2011, 10, 4, pp 29, 31
Abstract

This case report involves four dairies in the Willamette Valley, Oregon, which experienced reproductive problems associated with the presence of a large, previously unidentified, peak eluting at 5min in a standard ergovaline high-performance liquid chromatography assay of perennial ryegrass silage...

Author(s)
Lehner, A. F.; Duringer, J. M.; Estill, C. T.; Tobin, T.; Craig, A. M.
Publisher
Informa Healthcare, London, UK
Citation
Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods, 2011, 21, 8, pp 606-621
AbstractFull Text

It is estimated that $1 billion is lost annually in the USA due to unrealized production gains caused by the negative effects of cattle consuming ergot alkaloids contained in endophyte-infected tall fescue. In this paper, we report pertinent literature and recent findings on the effect of endophyte ...

Author(s)
Matthews, J. C.; Xue, Y.; Liao, S. F.; Miles, E. D.; Boling, J. A.
Publisher
Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation, Ardmore, USA
Citation
Epichloae, endophytes of cool season grasses: implications, utilization and biology. Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Fungal Endophytes of Grasses, Lexington, Kentucky, USA, 28 June to 1 July 2010, 2012, pp 24-27
Abstract

Stockpiling of autumn growth of tall fescue for winter grazing is a forage system that has great potential to reduce cow wintering costs, improve the environmental impact of winter feeding systems, and potentially improve animal health and welfare. Research before 1999 focused on the nutritive...

Author(s)
Poore, M. H.; Drewnoski, M. E.
Publisher
American Registry of Professional Animal Scientists (ARPAS), Champaign, USA
Citation
Professional Animal Scientist, 2010, 26, 2, pp 142-149

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