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Abstract

Botulism is a rare but severe neurological disease in man and animals that is caused by botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) produced by Clostridium botulinum and atypical strains from other Clostridium and non-Clostridium species. BoNTs are divided into more than seven toxinotypes based on neutralization ...

Author(s)
Rasetti-Escargueil, C.; Lemichez, E.; Popoff, M. R.
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Toxins, 2020, 12, 1,
Abstract

Botulism in cattle is a rare but serious disease. In Germany there is no obligation to report botulism in animals and therefore a precise morbidity rate is not available. In this manuscript we describe an outbreak of Clostridium (C.) botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) intoxication in a Saxony-Anhalt dairy ...

Author(s)
Dlabola, J.; Hashish, E.; Pauly, B.; Kubisiak, B.; Behm, I.; Heseler, R.; Schliephake, A.; Wieler, L. H.; Neubauer, H.; Seyboldt, C.
Publisher
Schlütersche Verlagsgesellschaft GmbH & Co. KG, Hannover, Germany
Citation
Berliner und Münchener Tierärztliche Wochenschrift, 2016, 129, 3/4, pp 111-117
Abstract

Clostridium botulinum types C and D are related to avian and mammalian botulism. Bovine botulism occurred at various farms from 2004 to 2007 in Japan. Since culture supernatants of isolates from cases of bovine botulism were neutralized completely and partially with type D and C antitoxins,...

Author(s)
Nakamura, K.; Kohda, T.; Umeda, K.; Yamamoto, H.; Mukamoto, M.; Kozaki, S.
Publisher
Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Veterinary Microbiology, 2010, 140, 1/2, pp 147-154
Abstract

Rabbits and guinea pigs are used in the official control and validation of clostridial vaccines, but it is unknown whether the antitoxin titers obtained in these animals corroborate with the humoral response in bovine. The objective of the study was to compare the humoral antibody response of...

Author(s)
Silva, R. O. S.; Duarte, M. C.; Oliveira Junior, C. A.; Assis, R. A. de; Lana, A. M. Q.; Lobato, F. C. F.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Anaerobe, 2018, 54, pp 19-22
Abstract

Bovine botulism is a fatal disease that is caused by botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) produced by Clostridium botulinum serotypes C and D and that causes great economic losses, with nearly 100% lethality during outbreaks. It has also been considered a potential source of human food-borne illness in...

Author(s)
Gil, L. A. F.; Cunha, C. E. P. da; Moreira, G. M. S. G.; Salvarani, F. M.; Assis, R. A.; Lobato, F. C. F.; Mendonça, M.; Dellagostin, O. A.; Conceição, F. R.
Publisher
Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA
Citation
PLoS ONE, 2013, 8, 7, pp e69692
Abstract

22 lactating Holstein cattle in Tennessee, USA, had clinical signs of intoxication with preformed C. botulinum toxin [date not given]. These signs included weakness, paralysis of the tongue and chest muscles, abdominal breathing, and, in 11 of the 22 cows, death. Differential diagnoses included...

Author(s)
Kelch, W. J.; Kerr, L. A.; Pringle, J. K.; Rohrbach, B. W.; Whitlock, R. H.
Citation
Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 2000, 12, 5, pp 453-455
Abstract

Symptoms of bovine type D botulism were seen in cattle in a herd feeding on beet fodder in the Deux-Sèvres region of France in April 1986. PM examination of one recumbent bull calf showed slight meningeal congestion. The known lethal effect of giving an inoculum of 1 ml serum was neutralized in two ...

Author(s)
Popoff, M. R.; Lecoanet, J.
Citation
Veterinary Record, 1987, 121, 25/26, pp 591-592
Abstract

Of 18 sick cows in a 100-cow dairy herd in Oregon, 14 died despite treatment. The cows were being fed high-moisture whole maize, and lucerne and rye haylage from pig silos. Signs of illness were anorexia, severe depression, and reduced milk production. PM examination revealed only hyperaemia of the ...

Author(s)
Gray, T. C.; Bulgin, M. S.
Citation
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 1982, 180, 2, pp 160-162
Abstract

Vaccination of cattle with mixed type C and D botulinal toxoids by either the single or double inoculation methods rendered the animals immune to the Type D toxin for at least 24 months. None of the vaccinated animals receiving the bivalent toxoids developed signs of intoxication when challenged...

Author(s)
Tammemagi, L.; Grant, K. Mcd.
Citation
Australian Veterinary Journal, 1967, 43, pp 368-372; 372-373 pp.
Abstract

Cases of botulism have been recorded in horses following the ingestion of chaff, hay, and pasture grass, and in cattle after chaff, hay and bones or other carrion. Of the foodstuffs only chaff has been proved toxic experimentally. Toxin producing organisms have been recovered from the bones of...

Author(s)
Seddon, H. R.
Citation
Journal of the Australian Veterinary Association, 1925, 1, 3, pp 59-62 pp.

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