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Abstract

The accidental ingestion of leaves or cut branches of oleander (Nerium oleander) often results in severe poisoning in cattle. This natural shrub contains oleandrin, a highly toxic cardiac glycoside, which may prove fatal even at very low amounts. For this reason, a highly sensitive ultra-high...

Author(s)
Gosetti, F.; Nebbia, C.; Ceci, L.; Carelli, G.; Marengo, E.
Publisher
Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK
Citation
Analytical Methods, 2019, 11, 43, pp 5562-5567
AbstractFull Text

Background: Poisoning by Xanthium spp. plants are important causes of deaths of cattle in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. This plant has as toxic principle a triterpenoide glycoside that acts inhibiting the transport of adenosine diphosphate and adenosine triphosphate across the mitochondrial...

Author(s)
Barbosa, A. A.; Santos, E. dos; Klaus, R.; Rabassa, V. R.; Soares, M. P.; Correa, M. N.
Publisher
Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Faculdade de Veterinária, Porto Alegre, Brazil
Citation
Acta Scientiae Veterinariae, 2020, 48, (Suppl 1): 565,
Abstract

Oleander is a spontaneous shrub widely occurring in Mediterranean regions. Poisoning is sporadically reported in livestock, mainly due to the ingestion of leaves containing toxic cardiac glycosides (primarily oleandrin). In this study, 50 lactating Fleckvieh cows were affected after being offered a ...

Author(s)
Ceci, L.; Girolami, F.; Capucchio, M. T.; Colombino, E.; Nebbia, C.; Gosetti, F.; Marengo, E.; Iarussi, F.; Carelli, G.
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Toxins, 2020, 12, 8,
Abstract

Bovine papillomavirus (BPV) are a cause for global concern due to their wide distribution and the wide range of benign and malignant diseases they are able to induce. Those lesions include cutaneous and upper digestive papillomas, multiple histological types of urinary bladder cancers-most often...

Author(s)
Medeiros-Fonseca, B.; Abreu-Silva, A. L.; Medeiros, R.; Oliveira, P. A.; Costa, R. M. G. da
Publisher
Frontiers Media S.A., Lausanne, Switzerland
Citation
Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 2021, 7, November,
Abstract

Intoxication by Moraea pallida Bak. (yellow tulp) in livestock is of great importance in South Africa, ranking top among all plant-induced cardiac glycoside toxicosis. The toxic principle, a bufadienolide, is 1α, 2α-epoxyscillirosidine. Treatment of poisoning is challenging and affected livestock...

Author(s)
Isa, H. I.; Ferreira, G. C. H.; Crafford, J. E.; Botha, C. J.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Toxicon, 2019, 164, pp 20-25
Abstract

Flaxseed cake contains cyanogenic glucosides, which can be metabolized into hydrocyanic acid in an animal's body, leading to asphyxia poisoning in cells. Beta-glucosidase is highly efficient in degrading cyanogenic glucosides. The Cattle may have β-glucosidase-producing strains in the intestinal...

Author(s)
Li ChenHui; Wei JunShu; Jing YaPing; Teng BaoXia; Yang PingRong; Chen XinJun; Huang HaiYing; Zhao Tang; Che TuanJie; Zhang ChunJiang
Publisher
Ke Ai Publishing, Beijing, China
Citation
Animal Nutrition, 2019, 5, 1, pp 101-108
Abstract

An outbreak of Sorghum sudanense (Sudan grass) poisoning affected three cows from a dairy herd in Triunfo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Although S. sudanense has been used as a source of forage for cattle, sporadic poisoning occurs in association with management failures of these pastures. Cyanogenic ...

Author(s)
Juffo, G. D.; Pavarini, S. P.; Wouters, F.; Oliveira, L. G. S.; Antoniassi, N. A. B.; Cruz, C. E. F.; Driemeier, D.
Publisher
Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Citation
Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira, 2012, 32, 3, pp 217-220
Abstract

Moraea pallida Bak. (yellow tulp) poisoning is the most important plant cardiac glycoside toxicosis in South Africa. The toxic principle, a bufadienolide, is 1α, 2α-epoxyscillirosidine. The aim was to investigate the potential to develop a vaccine against epoxyscillirosidine. Epoxyscillirosidine,...

Author(s)
Isa, H. I.; Ferreira, G. C. H.; Crafford, J. E.; Botha, C. J.
Publisher
Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Journal of Immunological Methods, 2019, 474, pp 112670
AbstractFull Text

Oleander (Nerium oleander) is an evergreen ornamental shrub very common in tropical and subtropical regions. Oleander poisoning has been reported both in man and animals. All parts of the plant are toxic because contain cardiac glycosides. In this work we describe a case of poisoning happened in a...

Author(s)
Rubini, S.; Chendi, S.; Poli, A.; Merialdi, G.; Fabbi, M.; Andreoli, G.; Barbieri, S.; Talarico, A.; Frisoni, P.; Gaudio, R. M.
Publisher
Società Italiana di Diagnostica di Laboratorio Veterinaria (SIDiLV), Parma, Italy
Citation
XVII Congresso Nazionale S.I.Di.L.V., Pacengo di Lazise (VR), Italia, 28-30 settembre 2016 , 2016, pp 237-238
AbstractFull Text

Many poisonous plants have hepatotoxic compounds that may cause sub-acute to acute poisoning in cattle. Common acute hepatotoxic plants in Argentina are: "yellow cestrum" (Cestrum parqui), "sunchillo" (Wedelia glauca), "abrojo grande" (Xanthium cavaniliensi) and "ngaio" (Myoporum laetum). Cestrum...

Author(s)
Costa, E. F.; Streitenberger, N.; Barberon, J.; Zeinsteger, P.; Fazzio, L. E.
Publisher
Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias de la Universidad Nacional del Nordeste (UNNE), Corrientes, Argentina
Citation
Revista Veterinaria, 2014, 25, 1, pp 45-49

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