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Abstract

The accidental ingestion of leaves or cut branches of oleander (Nerium oleander) often results in severe poisoning in cattle. This natural shrub contains oleandrin, a highly toxic cardiac glycoside, which may prove fatal even at very low amounts. For this reason, a highly sensitive ultra-high...

Author(s)
Gosetti, F.; Nebbia, C.; Ceci, L.; Carelli, G.; Marengo, E.
Publisher
Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK
Citation
Analytical Methods, 2019, 11, 43, pp 5562-5567
Abstract

Moraea pallida Bak. (yellow tulp) poisoning is the most important plant cardiac glycoside toxicosis in South Africa. The toxic principle, a bufadienolide, is 1α, 2α-epoxyscillirosidine. The aim was to investigate the potential to develop a vaccine against epoxyscillirosidine. Epoxyscillirosidine,...

Author(s)
Isa, H. I.; Ferreira, G. C. H.; Crafford, J. E.; Botha, C. J.
Publisher
Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Journal of Immunological Methods, 2019, 474, pp 112670
Abstract

Intoxication by Moraea pallida Bak. (yellow tulp) in livestock is of great importance in South Africa, ranking top among all plant-induced cardiac glycoside toxicosis. The toxic principle, a bufadienolide, is 1α, 2α-epoxyscillirosidine. Treatment of poisoning is challenging and affected livestock...

Author(s)
Isa, H. I.; Ferreira, G. C. H.; Crafford, J. E.; Botha, C. J.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Toxicon, 2019, 164, pp 20-25
Abstract

Krimpsiekte, a chronic form of cardiac glycoside poisoning, is an important plant-induced intoxication of small stock in South Africa. It is caused by cumulative, neurotoxic bufadienolides, such as cotyledoside. A cotyledoside-bovine serum albumin conjugate was synthesized to immunize animals. The...

Author(s)
Botha, C. J.; Crafford, J. E.; Butler, V. P., Jr.; Stojanovic, M. N.; Labuschagne, L.
Publisher
Onderstepoort Veterinary Institute, Onderstepoort, South Africa
Citation
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, 2007, 74, 4, pp 307-314
Abstract

Timber milkvetch (TMV, Astragalus miser Dougl. ex Hook var. serotinus) is widely distributed on rangelands in the southern interior of British Columbia (B.C.), Canada. It synthesizes large quantities of miserotoxin, a glycoside that is toxic to cattle. Six grazing studies were conducted at Sixtyone ...

Author(s)
Majak, W.; Stroesser, L.; Lysyk, T.; Hall, J. W.
Publisher
Society for Range Management, Lakewood, USA
Citation
Journal of Range Management, 2003, 56, 3, pp 266-272
Abstract

A case of cattle intoxication was reported in Iran. N. oleander poisoning was observed in native Holstein cattle and resulted in the death of two 18-year-old pregnant heifers and one 8-month-old bull within 24 h. A 3-month-old cow suffered cardiac arrythmia for 7 days. The clinical signs were...

Author(s)
Aslani, M. R.; Rezakhani, A.
Publisher
Vidya International Publishers, Hisar, India
Citation
International Journal of Tropical Agriculture, 2000, 18, 2, pp 185-187
Abstract

This article describes the symptoms and course of a condition in a group of cows with calves at foot, apparently resulting from eating bluebell leaves.

Author(s)
Thursby-Pelham, R. H. C.
Citation
Veterinary Record, 1967, 80, pp 709-710
Abstract

Mean HCN content of star grass (Cynodon aethiopicus) cv. No.2 increased from 96 ppm with no applied N to 106, 166 and 195 ppm with 150, 300 and 450 kg N/ha, respectively. The high cyanogenic glycoside and low I contents (0.027 ppm) in star grass in summer were responsible for the high incidence of...

Author(s)
Rudert, C. P.
Citation
Rhodesia Agricultural Journal, 1975, 72, 4, pp 113-114
Abstract

I. In an outbreak of STRANGLES in horses vaccination with dried culture vaccine was successful. A herd of 200 cattle at a Mission station had 45% reactors to the tuberculin test and was slaughtered and replaced with 300 breeding cows. The Alice Springs district has remained free from BOVINE...

Author(s)
Rose, A. L.
Citation
I. Ninth annual report 1954-1955. (Covering activities for year ending 30.6.55.). II. (1956). Tenth annual report 1955-1956. (Covering activities for year ending 30.6.56.). III. (1957). Eleventh annual report 1956-1957. (Covering activities for the year ending 30.6.57.)., 1955, pp 26 pp.
Datasheet

Information in this disease system overview will be expanded in the next edition of the Compendium. Please note that the list of diseases affecting...

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