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Abstract

Background: Anthrax caused by Bacillus anthracis is a zoonotic disease mainly affecting herbivores. The last Swiss outbreak was over 20 years ago. We describe a recent anthrax outbreak involving two cows from the same herd. One cow was designated as a peracute clinical case with sudden death and...

Author(s)
Brawand, S. G.; Kittl, S.; Dettwiler, M.; Thomann, A.; Feyer, S.; Cachim, J.; Theubet, G.; Liechti, N.; Wittwer, M.; Schürch, N.; Oberhänsli, S.; Heinimann, A.; Jores, J.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
BMC Veterinary Research, 2019, 15, 265, pp (29 July 2019)
Abstract

In spring 2017, the first case of bovine anthrax in 20 years in Switzerland occurred in the canton of Jura. Carcasses of anthrax-deceased animals should not be opened due to the formation of highly resistant spores bearing the risk of environmental contamination and aerosolization. Nevertheless, in ...

Author(s)
Dettwiler, M.; Mehinagic, K.; Brawand, S. G.; Thomann, A.; Feyer, S.; Hüsser, L.; Theubet, G.; Gigandet, J.; Rottenberg, S.; Posthaus, H.
Publisher
Gesellschaft Schweizer Tierärztinnen und Tierärzte GST, Bern, Switzerland
Citation
SAT, Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde, 2018, 160, 9, pp 547-552
Abstract

A human case of Bacillus anthracis (B. anthracis) infection in an individual in contact with a sick cow in an anthrax enzootic area of Bulgaria is not an unexpected event. Although distribution of contaminated and possibly contaminated meat to food outlets and food-processing plants occurred, the...

Publisher
European Food Safety Authority, Parma, Italy
Citation
Technical report: fatal human case of Bacillus anthracis infection and bovine meat contamination in Bulgaria: first update, 7 August 2015, 2015, pp 4 pp.
Abstract

In 1988, an outbreak of anthrax occurred among cattle in the Austrian state of Tyrol. Since then, Austria has been declared anthrax-free. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of one of these last outbreak strains, Bacillus anthracis Tyrol 4675, isolated from a diseased cow.

Author(s)
Antwerpen, M.; Wölfel, R.; Grass, G.
Publisher
American Society for Microbiology (ASM), Washington, USA
Citation
Genome Announcements, 2017, 5, 10, pp e00002-17
Abstract

Bacillus anthracis strain SPV842_15 was isolated from bovine fetus, while B. anthracis strain Brazilian vaccinal was recovered from a commercial vaccine. We report here the genome sequences of both strains. The SPV842_15 genome is composed of a single circular chromosome with a length of 5,228,664...

Author(s)
Siqueira, F. M.; Cibulski, S. P.; Mayer, F. Q.; Driemeier, D.; Pavarini, S. P.; Vargas, A. P. C. de
Publisher
Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia, São Paulo, Brazil
Citation
Brazilian Journal of Microbiology, 2018, 49, 1, pp 18-19
Abstract

Bacillus anthracis infecting cattle is usually identified based on the typical symptom: sudden death. Bacillus anthracis causing atypical symptoms may remain undiagnosed and represent a potential occupational health hazard for, that is veterinarians and producers, butchers and tanners. In the year...

Author(s)
Friman, M.; Kakko, L.; Constantin, C.; Simojoki, H.; Andersson, M. A.; Nagy, S.; Salonen, H.; Andersson, M.
Publisher
Wiley, Berlin, Germany
Citation
Reproduction in Domestic Animals, 2019, 54, 9, pp 1279-1283
Abstract

Bacillus anthracis is a zoonotic agent causing anthrax, a notifiable disease in animals. The last anthrax outbreak among cattle in Germany occurred in April 2014 in Saxony-Anhalt. Here we report a high-quality genome sequence of the Bacillus anthracis strain 14RA5914 Dobichau isolated from the...

Author(s)
Elschner, M. C.; Busch, A.; Schliephake, A.; Gaede, W.; Zuchantke, E.; Tomaso, H.
Publisher
American Society for Microbiology (ASM), Washington, USA
Citation
Genome Announcements, 2017, 5, 40, pp e01002-17
Abstract

Soil was collected in July 2013 at a site where a cow infected with anthrax had been the month before. Selective culturing yielded Bacillus anthracis strain Tangail-1. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of this Bacillus anthracis isolate that belongs to the canonical A.Br.001/002 clade.

Author(s)
Rume, F. I.; Antwerpen, M.; Braun, P.; Biswas, P. K.; Mahmuda Yasmin; Grass, G.; Ahsan, C. R.; Hanczaruk, M.
Publisher
American Society for Microbiology (ASM), Washington, USA
Citation
Genome Announcements, 2016, 4, 4, pp e00748-16
Abstract

Bacillus anthracis is an evolutionarily young species that presents an extremely low genetic diversity due to its slow mode of propagation, determined by short replication phases and long sporulation periods. In our ongoing efforts to elucidate phylogenetic relationships between European B. ...

Author(s)
Derzelle, S.; Aguilar-Bultet, L.; Frey, J.
Publisher
Elsevier B. V., Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Veterinary Microbiology, 2016, 196, pp 1-8
Abstract

Anthrax is caused by Bacillus anthracis, a bacterium that is able to secrete the toxins protective antigen, edema factor and lethal factor. Due to the high level of secretion from the bacteria and its severe virulence, lethal factor (LF) has been sought as a biomarker for detecting bacterial...

Author(s)
Lahousse, M.; Park HaeChul; Lee SangChoon; Ha NaReum; Jung InPil; Schlesinger, S. R.; Shackelford, K.; Yoon MoonYoung; Kim SungKun
Publisher
Elsevier, New York, USA
Citation
Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 2018, 646, pp 16-23

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