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AbstractFull Text

This paper reports the abortion of a male Aberdeen Angus bovine by a vaccine strain of Bacillus anthracis, describing the pathological and microbiological findings and the genome sequence. Necropsy findings included multifocal areas of hemorrhage in different organs. Histologically, various organs...

Author(s)
Bassuino, D. M.; Siqueira, F. M.; Konradt, G.; Vielmo, A.; Rolim, V. M.; Gonçalves, M. A.; Cibulski, S. P.; Snel, G.; Mayer, F. Q.; Vargas, A. C. de; Driemeier, D.; Pavarini, S. P.
Publisher
Centro de Ciências Rurais, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Brazil
Citation
Ciência Rural, 2020, 50, 12,
Abstract

A 6-year-old Simental-Swiss Brown cross-bred cow, which aborted in the first trimester of the gestation and involuntarily presented anthrax bacilli around the udder, was subjected to this study. The cow was vaccinated with an attenuated anthrax vaccine (Bacillus anthracis 34 F2) 6 months ago and...

Author(s)
Şahın, M.; Büyük, F.; Çelebı, Ö.; Coşkun, M. R.
Publisher
TÜBITAK, Ankara, Turkey
Citation
Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, 2020, 44, 4, pp 955-960
Abstract

Background: Anthrax caused by Bacillus anthracis is a zoonotic disease mainly affecting herbivores. The last Swiss outbreak was over 20 years ago. We describe a recent anthrax outbreak involving two cows from the same herd. One cow was designated as a peracute clinical case with sudden death and...

Author(s)
Brawand, S. G.; Kittl, S.; Dettwiler, M.; Thomann, A.; Feyer, S.; Cachim, J.; Theubet, G.; Liechti, N.; Wittwer, M.; Schürch, N.; Oberhänsli, S.; Heinimann, A.; Jores, J.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
BMC Veterinary Research, 2019, 15, 265, pp (29 July 2019)
Abstract

In spring 2017, the first case of bovine anthrax in 20 years in Switzerland occurred in the canton of Jura. Carcasses of anthrax-deceased animals should not be opened due to the formation of highly resistant spores bearing the risk of environmental contamination and aerosolization. Nevertheless, in ...

Author(s)
Dettwiler, M.; Mehinagic, K.; Brawand, S. G.; Thomann, A.; Feyer, S.; Hüsser, L.; Theubet, G.; Gigandet, J.; Rottenberg, S.; Posthaus, H.
Publisher
Gesellschaft Schweizer Tierärztinnen und Tierärzte GST, Bern, Switzerland
Citation
SAT, Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde, 2018, 160, 9, pp 547-552
Abstract

Anthrax, caused by Bacillus anthracis, is a severe zoonosis with a great impact on both human and animal health. In the present study, we identified the phylogenetic relationships among 16 Japanese strains of B. anthracis, including eight bovine strains, two equine strains, five swine strains, and...

Author(s)
Okutani, A.; Inoue, S.; Morikawa, S.
Publisher
Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Infection, Genetics and Evolution, 2019, 71, pp 128-139
Abstract

A human case of Bacillus anthracis (B. anthracis) infection in an individual in contact with a sick cow in an anthrax enzootic area of Bulgaria is not an unexpected event. Although distribution of contaminated and possibly contaminated meat to food outlets and food-processing plants occurred, the...

Publisher
European Food Safety Authority, Parma, Italy
Citation
Technical report: fatal human case of Bacillus anthracis infection and bovine meat contamination in Bulgaria: first update, 7 August 2015, 2015, pp 4 pp.
Abstract

Bacillus anthracis strain SPV842_15 was isolated from bovine fetus, while B. anthracis strain Brazilian vaccinal was recovered from a commercial vaccine. We report here the genome sequences of both strains. The SPV842_15 genome is composed of a single circular chromosome with a length of 5,228,664...

Author(s)
Siqueira, F. M.; Cibulski, S. P.; Mayer, F. Q.; Driemeier, D.; Pavarini, S. P.; Vargas, A. P. C. de
Publisher
Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia, São Paulo, Brazil
Citation
Brazilian Journal of Microbiology, 2018, 49, 1, pp 18-19
Abstract

In 1988, an outbreak of anthrax occurred among cattle in the Austrian state of Tyrol. Since then, Austria has been declared anthrax-free. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of one of these last outbreak strains, Bacillus anthracis Tyrol 4675, isolated from a diseased cow.

Author(s)
Antwerpen, M.; Wölfel, R.; Grass, G.
Publisher
American Society for Microbiology (ASM), Washington, USA
Citation
Genome Announcements, 2017, 5, 10, pp e00002-17
Abstract

Bacillus anthracis infecting cattle is usually identified based on the typical symptom: sudden death. Bacillus anthracis causing atypical symptoms may remain undiagnosed and represent a potential occupational health hazard for, that is veterinarians and producers, butchers and tanners. In the year...

Author(s)
Friman, M.; Kakko, L.; Constantin, C.; Simojoki, H.; Andersson, M. A.; Nagy, S.; Salonen, H.; Andersson, M.
Publisher
Wiley, Berlin, Germany
Citation
Reproduction in Domestic Animals, 2019, 54, 9, pp 1279-1283
Abstract

Inflammasomes act as sensors of infection or damage to initiate immune responses. While extensively studied in rodents, understanding of livestock inflammasomes is limited. The NLRP1 inflammasome sensor in rodents is activated by Toxoplasma gondii, Bacillus anthracis lethal toxin (LT), and...

Author(s)
Vrentas, C. E.; Boggiatto, P. M.; Olsen, S. C.; Leppla, S. H.; Moayeri, M.
Publisher
Sage Publications Ltd, London, UK
Citation
Innate Immunity, 2020, 26, 4, pp 301-311

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