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Abstract

Toads have a pair of glandular accumulations on each side of the dorsal region of the head known as parotoid macroglands. These macroglands consist of secretory units (granular glands), each one capped with an epithelial plug. When threatened, toads point one of the parotoids toward the aggressor,...

Author(s)
Regis-Alves, E.; Jared, S. G. S.; Maurício, B.; Mailho-Fontana, P. L.; Antoniazzi, M. M.; Fleury-Curado, M. C.; Brodie, E. D., Jr.; Jared, C.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Toxicon, 2017, 137, pp 128-134
Abstract

Toads use venom secretion as a defense mechanism against predators such as birds of prey and reptiles. Although domesticated animals are also at risk of being poisoned with toad venom, the number of reports discussing the toxicity of toad venom in dogs is limited. In this report, the symptoms,...

Author(s)
Hernández-Rebollo, E.; Duque-Carrasco, F. J.; Zaragoza-Bayle, C.; Pérez-López, M.
Publisher
Sociedade Portuguesa de Ciências Veterinárias, Lisboa, Portugal
Citation
Revista Portuguesa de Ciências Veterinárias, 2015, 110, 593/594, pp 116-119
Abstract

Toads from the Rhinella genus have granular glands that produce highly venomous secretion. It is rapidly absorbed after contact with oral mucosa or the digestive tract of the predator, causing poisoning. Clinical signs can vary from just hypersalivation to death by cardiac collapse. Most...

Author(s)
Gadelha, I. C. N.; Melo, M. M.; Soto-Blanco, B.
Publisher
Fedearl University of Ceará, Fortaleza, Brazil
Citation
Revista Brasileira de Higiene e Sanidade Animal, 2015, 9, 2, pp 195-205
Abstract

This article describes the risk factors, clinical signs, diagnosis and treatment of poisoning by toads in dogs and cats in France.

Author(s)
Kammerer, M.
Publisher
Newsmed, Paris, France
Citation
Point Vétérinaire, 2019, 50, 398 (Part 1), pp 15-16
Abstract

An epidemiological study on animal poisoning due to plants and zootoxins has been carried out by the Poison Control Centre of Milan (CAV) in collaboration with the University of Milan (Italy). During the period January 2015-March 2019, the CAV received 932 calls on animal poisonings, 12.66% (n =...

Author(s)
Bertero, A.; Davanzo, F.; Rivolta, M.; Cortinovis, C.; Vasquez, A.; Mura, A. le; Masuelli, A.; Caloni, F.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Toxicon, 2021, 196, pp 25-31
AbstractFull Text

This study aimed to evaluate the clinical and laboratory aspects of dogs intoxicated with toad poison. Overall, 20 male and female, adult healthy dogs of undefined breed were used and divided into two groups: control (n=5) and intoxicated with toad venom (n=15). The dogs were submitted to...

Author(s)
Camplesi, A. C.; Simao, N. M. B.; Sakate, M.; Sobreira, M. F. R.; Bersano, P. R. O.; Freitas, S. H.; Moya-Araujo, C. F.
Publisher
Sjournals, West Azerbaijan, Iran
Citation
Scientific Journal of Animal Science, 2013, 2, 11, pp 323-332
Abstract

Toads of the Bufo genus produce a secretion responsible by causing mainly neurological, cardiovascular and gastrointestinal signs in dogs. This report aims to describe a case of poisoning by toad venom in a German Shepherd dog with a history of hyperacute vomiting and seizures. The animal showed...

Author(s)
Tôrres, L. M.; Dantas, A. K. F. P.; Araújo, K. N. de; Silva, J. K. da C.; Rodrigues, R. T. G. A.; Bezerra, L. S.
Publisher
Editora Guará, São Paulo, Brazil
Citation
Clínica Veterinária, 2015, 20, 116, pp 64-70
Abstract

The clinical, signs, diagnosis and treatment of poisoning due to ingestion of a cane toad (Bufo marinus) [Rhinella marina] in a 3-year-old dog are presented. An overview of the incidence, toxic properties, diagnosis and treatment of toad poisoning is also described.

Author(s)
Butler, J.
Publisher
Advanstar Communications Inc, Duluth, USA
Citation
Veterinary Medicine, 2015, 110, 4, pp 99-102
Abstract

Oral exposure to the secretions of Rhinella marina (formerly Bufo marinus) can carry a high fatality rate without early and appropriate treatment. In dogs, the clinical syndrome, which is evident almost immediately, manifests in profuse ptyalism along with gastrointestinal, respiratory, and...

Author(s)
Johnnides, S.; Green, T.; Eubig, P.
Publisher
American Animal Hospital Association, Denver, USA
Citation
Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association, 2016, 52, 4, pp 205-211
Abstract

Among the systemic signs of toad venom (bufotoxin) poisoning in dogs, the cardiotoxic effects are one of the most important. Thus, the objective of this experiment was to evaluate potential changes in the cardiac muscle in dogs poisoned experimentally by toad venom and to observe the electrolyte...

Author(s)
Camplesi, A. C.; Sakate, M.; Simão, N. M. B.; Moya, C. F.
Publisher
Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Citation
Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira, 2009, 29, 8, pp 632-636

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