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VetMed Resource

Veterinary information to support practice, based on evidence and continuing education

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Abstract

Hypernatremia most commonly is associated with water loss in excess of sodium or salt gain (typically associated with restriction of access to water). Most of the signs of hypernatremia arise from the central nervous system; the more rapid the development of hypernatremia, the more severe the...

Author(s)
Guillaumin, J.; DiBartola, S. P.
Publisher
Saunders, An Imprint of Elsevier, Philadelphia, USA
Citation
Veterinary Clinics of North America, Small Animal Practice, 2017, 47, 2, pp 209-212
Abstract

The domestic dog (Canis familiaris) segregates more naturally-occurring diseases and phenotypic variation than any other species and has become established as an unparalled model with which to study the genetics of inherited traits. We used a genome-wide association study (GWAS) and targeted...

Author(s)
Forman, O. P.; Penderis, J.; Hartley, C.; Hayward, L. J.; Ricketts, S. L.; Mellersh, C. S.
Publisher
Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA
Citation
PLoS Genetics, 2012, 8, 1, pp e1002462
Abstract

Objectives: To describe the clinical phenotype of a new motor disorder in Labrador Retrievers. Animals and Methods: Case series study. Seven young male Labrador Retrievers presented for evaluation of stiff gait. Results: All affected dogs had generalized muscular stiffness, persistent at rest and...

Author(s)
Vanhaesebrouck, A. E.; Shelton, G. D.; Garosi, L.; Harcourt-Brown, T. R.; Couturier, J.; Behr, S.; Harvey, R. J.; Jeffery, N. D.; Matiasek, K.; Blakemore, W. F.; Granger, N.
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell, Boston, USA
Citation
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 2011, 25, 5, pp 1089-1096
Abstract

New clinical syndromes involving presumed muscle pain (myalgia), cramps, and hypertonicity are being recognized in veterinary medicine, but there are few published reports. In general, these have been breed specific and still poorly described. The aim of this article is to give a brief introduction ...

Author(s)
Shelton, G. D.
Publisher
W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia, USA
Citation
Veterinary Clinics of North America, Small Animal Practice, 2004, 34, 6, pp 1483-1496
Abstract

Detailed examination of eight cases of muscle hypertonicity revealed previously unrecorded abnormalities. In three dogs there was no spontaneous activity in any limb or spinal muscle, although motor nerve conduction velocity was normal in the tibial or ulnar nerves. Muscle biopsy showed small...

Author(s)
Wright, J. A.; Brownlie, S. E.; Smyth, J. B. A.; Jones, D. G. C.; Wotton, P.
Citation
Veterinary Record, 1986, 118, 18, pp 511-512
Abstract

A Lhasa Apso bitch (6 years old) developed muscular hypertonicity and opisthotono-respiratory distress after a 20-minute operation for bilateral ocular dermoid cysts under ketamine (10 mg/kg i.m.) anaesthesia. The dog responded to treatment with hydrocortisone, deriphylin, diazepam and oxygen with...

Author(s)
Dipak Kumar De; Pradhan, N. R.
Citation
Indian Journal of Animal Health, 1997, 36, 2, pp 197-198
Abstract

Clinical signs of electrically silent muscle hypertonicity are described in 5 Cavalier King Charles dogs. Biopsy samples of the biceps femoris and triceps muscles, when examined with the electron microscope, showed evidence of sarcotubular and mitochondrial abnormalities. These included enlargement ...

Author(s)
Wright, J. A.; Smyth, J. B. A.; Brownlie, S. E.; Robins, M.
Citation
Journal of Comparative Pathology, 1987, 97, 5, pp 559-565
Abstract

The clinical features of 'Scottie cramp' in 10 dogs are described. Electromyographic studies revealed that the interference pattern from the muscles was of longer duration and higher amplitude during an attack when compared to the pre-attack recording. A normal response from the muscle was observed ...

Author(s)
Meyers, K. M.; Dickson, W. M.; Lund, J. E.; Padgett, G. A.
Citation
Archives of Neurology, 1971, 25, No.1, pp 61-68

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