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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To characterize the epidemiology, clinical signs, and treatment of dogs with Francisella tularensis infection in New Mexico. ANIMALS: 87 dogs in which 88 cases of tularemia (1 dog had 2 distinct cases) were confirmed by the New Mexico Department of Health Scientific Laboratory Division...

Author(s)
Kwit, N. A.; Middaugh, N. A.; VinHatton, E. S.; Melman, S. D.; Onischuk, L.; Aragon, A. S.; Nelson, C. A.; Mead, P. S.; Ettestad, P. J.
Publisher
American Veterinary Medical Association, Schaumburg, USA
Citation
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 2020, 256, 2, pp 220-225
Abstract

Tularemia is a bacterial zoonosis caused by Francisella tularensis. We conducted a serosurvey of black-tailed prairie dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus) in Devils Tower National Monument, Wyoming, US, following an epizootic in voles (Microtus spp.) due to F. tularensis. Only 1 of 44 (2%) sampled prairie ...

Author(s)
Cherry, C. C.; Kwit, N. A.; Ohms, R. E.; Hammesfahr, A. M.; Pappert, R.; Petersen, J. M.; Nelson, C. A.; Buttke, D. E.
Publisher
Wildlife Disease Association, Lawrence, USA
Citation
Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 2019, 55, 4, pp 944-946
Abstract

Informed management of American black bears (Ursus americanus) requires knowledge of the distribution and pathology of diseases affecting the species. Little information is available on pathogen prevalence from black bear populations in the Southwest, US, and it is unknown how these infections may...

Author(s)
Bard, S. M.; Cain, J. W.
Publisher
Wildlife Disease Association, Lawrence, USA
Citation
Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 2019, 55, 4, pp 745-754
Abstract

The influence of climate change on wildlife disease dynamics is a burgeoning conservation and human health issue, but few long-term studies empirically link climate to pathogen prevalence. Polar bears (Ursus maritimus) are vulnerable to the negative impacts of sea ice loss as a result of...

Author(s)
Pilfold, N. W.; Richardson, E. S.; Ellis, J.; Jenkins, E.; Scandrett, W. B.; Hernández-Ortiz, A.; Buhler, K.; McGeachy, D.; Al-Adhami, B.; Konecsni, K.; Lobanov, V. A.; Owen, M. A.; Rideout, B.; Lunn, N. J.
Publisher
Wiley, Oxford, UK
Citation
Global Change Biology, 2021, 27, 19, pp 4481-4497
Abstract

We collected blood and serum from 155 brown bears (Ursus arctos) inhabiting five locations in Alaska, US during 2013-16 and tested samples for evidence of prior exposure to a suite of bacterial, viral, and parasitic agents. Antibody seroprevalence among Alaska brown bears was estimated to be 15%...

Author(s)
Ramey, A. M.; Cleveland, C. A.; Hilderbrand, G. V.; Joly, K.; Gustine, D. D.; Mangipane, B.; Leacock, W. B.; Crupi, A. P.; Hill, D. E.; Dubey, J. P.; Yabsley, M. J.
Publisher
Wildlife Disease Association, Lawrence, USA
Citation
Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 2019, 55, 3, pp 576-588
Abstract

Tularemia is a rare zoonotic disease found worldwide. The agent responsible for disease, Francisella tularensis, is one of the most highly infectious pathogens known, one that is capable of causing life-threatening illness with inhalation of <50 organisms. High infectivity explains concerns of its use in bioterrorism. This case describes a 4-year-old male neutered Australian shepherd presented for evaluation of hyporexia and fever. Physical examination revealed marked enlargement of the right superficial cervical lymph node. Tularemia lymphadenitis was diagnosed by lymph node aspiration cytology and culture. Public health officials were advised of the isolation of this zoonotic pathogen, and contact tracing was instituted. Seven individuals associated with the aspiration event were screened for tularemia and treated with prophylactic ciprofloxacin. All were negative, and none became sick. The dog was treated with doxycycline for 3 weeks, and...

Author(s)
Johnson, L. R.; Epstein, S. E.; Dear, J. D.; Byrne, B. A.
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2022, 19, 4,
AbstractFull Text

In this study, a total of 186 blood samples were collected from kennel dogs consisting of 104 male and 82 female in five provinces (Mersin, Adana, Hatay, Gaziantep and Batman) of Turkey, and evaluated using molecular methods for the presence of canine vector-borne diseases (CVBDs). Overall, 10.8%...

Author(s)
Aslantaş, Ö.; Çelebi, B.; Usluca, S.
Publisher
Harran Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi, Șanlıurfa, Turkey
Citation
Harran Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 2020, 9, 2, pp 154-160
Abstract

Based on initial reports of infection with Francisella tularensis in dogs in northern Europe, a serological study in hunting dogs was conducted in Austria. Five (6.25%) tested positive. The results highlight the potential for disease transmission to dogs and raise the question of whether dogs could ...

Author(s)
Posautz, A.; Gyuranecz, M.; Dénes, B.; Knauer, F.; Dier, H.; Walzer, C.
Publisher
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., New Rochelle, USA
Citation
Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, 2018, 18, 2, pp 117-119
Abstract

We describe tularaemia in a Norwegian dog caused by Francisella tularensis subspecies holarctica. A Hamilton Hound and his owner developed tulaeremia after hunting an infected mountain hare (Lepus timidus). The dog showed signs of lethargy, anorexia and fever during a period two to four days after...

Author(s)
Nordstoga, A.; Handeland, K.; Johansen, T. B.; Iversen, L.; Gavier-Widén, D.; Mattsson, R.; Wik-Larssen, K.; Afset, J. E.; Næverdal, R.; Lund, A.
Publisher
Elsevier B. V., Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Veterinary Microbiology, 2014, 173, 3/4, pp 318-322
Abstract

Dogs have been implicated in the zoonotic transmission of numerous pathogens. Whereas cats are known to transmit Francisella tularensis to humans via bite and other routes, the role of dogs in facilitating infection is much less understood. We reviewed tularaemia case investigation records...

Author(s)
Kwit, N. A.; Schwartz, A.; Kugeler, K. J.; Mead, P. S.; Nelson, C. A.
Publisher
Wiley, Berlin, Germany
Citation
Zoonoses and Public Health, 2019, 66, 4, pp 417-421

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