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Abstract

Use of the neurotoxic rodenticide bromethalin has steadily increased since 2011, resulting in an increased incidence of bromethalin intoxications in pets. Presumptive diagnosis of bromethalin toxicosis relies on history of possible rodenticide exposure coupled with compatible neurologic signs or...

Author(s)
Romano, M. C.; Loynachan, A. T.; Bolin, D. C.; Bryant, U. K.; Kennedy, L.; Filigenzi, M. S.; Puschner, B.; Poppenga, R. H.; Gaskill, C. L.
Publisher
Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, USA
Citation
Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 2018, 30, 4, pp 642-645
Abstract

The use of bromethalin rodenticides has risen since 2011, and in some states, it is the most common rodenticide ingestion reported to poison control. Although intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE) has been previously reported to lower serum desmethylbromethalin levels in an asymptomatic dog, and...

Author(s)
Lyons, B. M.; Poppenga, R. H.; Thawley, V. J.; Waddell, L. S.
Publisher
American Animal Hospital Association, Denver, USA
Citation
Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association, 2019, 55, 5, pp e555-02
Abstract

Background: Definitive post mortem confirmation of intoxication by the neurotoxic rodenticide bromethalin can be challenging. Brain lesions are not specific and detection of bromethalin and its metabolites are unpredictable due to rapid photodegradation and inconsistent behavior in tissues. Case...

Author(s)
Bates, M. C.; Roady, P.; Lehner, A. F.; Buchweitz, J. P.; Heggem-Perry, B.; Lezmi, S.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
BMC Veterinary Research, 2015, 11, 244, pp (28 September 2015)
Abstract

The objective of this retrospective study was to describe the responses to treatment with intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE) and the outcomes for a variety of severe intoxications. This case series includes 10 client-owned animals, 9 dogs and 1 cat, that underwent treatment with ILE for a variety of...

Author(s)
Becker, M. D.; Young, B. C.
Publisher
Dove Medical Press Ltd, Macclesfield, UK
Citation
Veterinary Medicine: Research and Reports, 2017, 8, pp 77-85
Abstract

Author(s)
El-Bahri, L.
Publisher
Veterinary Business Development Ltd, Peterborough, UK
Citation
Veterinary Times, 2017, 47, 48, pp 20
Abstract

A case of poisoning due to ingestion of the rodenticide bromethalin in a 4-year-old, spayed, Pitbull mix was described [USA, date not given]. The owner believed the dog had accidentally ingested approximately one-half cup of green-coloured mouse and rat poison. Emesis was induced with 20 ml of...

Author(s)
Myers, H.
Publisher
Educational Concepts LLC, Tulsa, USA
Citation
NAVC Clinician's Brief, 2012, No.September, pp 37-39
Abstract

Objective: To evaluate a point-of-care anticoagulant rodenticide lateral flow analyzer for the detection of various rodenticide compounds. Design: Prospective, laboratory study. Setting: University teaching hospital. Animals: The study utilized a serum sample from one healthy canine donor. Samples...

Author(s)
Istvan, S. A.; Marks, S. L.; Murphy, L. A.; Dorman, D. C.
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
Citation
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, 2014, 24, 2, pp 168-173
Abstract

Bromethalin is a potent neurotoxin capable of inducing fatal cerebral edema in companion animals. Bromethalin decreases adenosine triphosphate production resulting in cerebral edema. Toxicosis can be seen in cats and dogs with oral exposures as low as 0.3 and 2.5 mg/kg, respectively. High doses...

Author(s)
Peterson, M. E.
Publisher
Elsevier Inc, Orlando, USA
Citation
Topics in Companion Animal Medicine, 2013, 28, 1, pp 21-23
Abstract

Author(s)
Tourdot, R.
Publisher
Eastern States Veterinary Association, Inc (NAVC), Glen Mills, USA
Citation
Today's Veterinary Practice, 2017, 7, 1, pp 95-98, 100
Abstract

A 9-year-old neutered male Shetland sheepdog exhibiting tremors after ingestion of pelleted rodenticide that the owner thought contains the neurotoxic bromethalin is reported. The dog was subjected to induced vomiting and treated with activated charcoal after emesis. The animal developed...

Author(s)
Ball, A.
Publisher
Advanstar Communications Inc, Duluth, USA
Citation
Veterinary Medicine, 2014, 109, 4, pp 126-130

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