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VetMed Resource

Veterinary information to support practice, based on evidence and continuing education

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Abstract

Cyanobacteria (also called blue-green algae) are ubiquitous in aquatic environments. Some species produce potent toxins that can sicken or kill people, domestic animals, and wildlife. Dogs are particularly vulnerable to cyanotoxin poisoning because of their tendency to swim in and drink...

Author(s)
Backer, L. C.; Landsberg, J. H.; Miller, M.; Keel, K.; Taylor, T. K.
Publisher
MDPI Publishing, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Toxins, 2013, 5, 9, pp 1597-1628
Abstract

Background: Dietary supplement use in both human and animals to augment overall health continues to increase and represents a potential health risk due to the lack of safety regulations imposed on the manufacturers. Because there are no requirements for demonstrating safety and efficacy prior to...

Author(s)
Bautista, A. C.; Moore, C. E.; Lin, Y. P.; Cline, M. G.; Benitah, N.; Puschner, B.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
BMC Veterinary Research, 2015, 11, 136, pp (19 June 2015)
Abstract

A 2.5 yr old spayed female Weimaraner presented after ingestion of blue-green algae (Microcystis spp.). One day prior to presentation, the patient was swimming at a local lake known to be contaminated with high levels of blue-green algae that was responsible for deaths of several other dogs the...

Author(s)
Sebbag, L.; Smee, N.; Merwe, D. van der; Schmid, D.
Publisher
American Animal Hospital Association, Denver, USA
Citation
Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association, 2013, 49, 5, pp 342-346
Abstract

Anatoxin-a, a toxin produced by several genera of blue-green algae, is considered a potent neurotoxin. Ingestion of water contaminated with the toxin results in acute neurological signs and often death. This report describes fatal cases of anatoxin-a ingestion in 6 dogs, with confirmation of...

Author(s)
Puschner, B.; Hoff, B.; Tor, E. R.
Publisher
American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Davis, USA
Citation
Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 2008, 20, 1, pp 89-92
Abstract

Blue-green algae are cyanobacteria that grow in fresh, brackish or sea water. Under certain environmental conditions they form blooms in water bodies and these often colour the water blue-green (or brown, black or red). These blooms have long been known to be associated with animal deaths,...

Author(s)
Bates, N.
Publisher
MA Healthcare Limited, London, UK
Citation
Companion Animal, 2018, 23, 5, pp 256-263
Abstract

The liver is a multifunction organ involved in metabolism and synthesis of essential compounds. As the first organ after the gut to receive ingested substances and because of its role in metabolism, it is at particular risk of damage from ingested poisons and their toxic metabolites. Poisons...

Author(s)
Bates, N.
Publisher
MA Healthcare Limited, London, UK
Citation
The Veterinary Nurse, 2019, 10, 6, pp 304-312
Abstract

This article reports on a case of blue-green algae toxicoses in a 9-month-old 27.5 kg spayed female German Shepherd. Highlight of the report focused on the diagnosis and treatment of the animal.

Author(s)
Khan, S. A.
Publisher
Advanstar Communications Inc, Duluth, USA
Citation
Veterinary Medicine, 2014, 109, 2, pp 49-52
Abstract

Objective - To describe the clinical features, treatment, diagnostic work-up, and outcome of a dog with acute neurologic signs subsequent to algal toxin exposure. Case Summary - A Golden Retriever was presented for evaluation of acute onset of paraparesis after swimming in a man-made pond in early...

Author(s)
Puschner, B.; Pratt, C.; Tor, E. R.
Publisher
Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care, 2010, 20, 5, pp 518-522
Abstract

A 3-year-old Cairn Terrier dog that had been in contact with sea water containing cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) was euthanized because of acute hepatic failure and anuria after a 5-day illness. Histologic findings included lytic and hemorrhagic centrilobular hepatocellular necrosis and renal...

Author(s)
Simola, O.; Wiberg, M.; Jokela, J.; Wahlsten, M.; Sivonen, K.; Syrjä, P.
Publisher
American College of Veterinary Pathologists Inc., Lawrence, USA
Citation
Veterinary Pathology, 2012, 49, 5, pp 755-759
Abstract

Author(s)
Campbell, A.
Publisher
Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Handbook of poisoning in dogs and cats., 2000, pp 80-85

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