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Veterinary information to support practice, based on evidence and continuing education

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When anaesthesia for a caesarean section of a bitch is required, the goal is to execute it as safely as possible for both the dam and the puppies. Pregnancy causes several physiological changes, many of which are significant from the anaesthetist's point of view. Pregnant dogs are predisposed to a...

Pekkola, V.; Salla, K.
Suomen Eläinlääkäriliitto, Helsinki, Finland
Suomen Eläinlääkärilehti, 2018, 124, 1, pp 12-18