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Abstract

Background: Dog bites are common in developing countries including Ghana, with the victims often being children. Although some breeds of dogs have been identified as being more aggressive than others, all dog bites carry a risk of infection. Immediate and initial assessment of the risk for tetanus...

Author(s)
Kenu, E.; Ganu, V.; Noora, C. L.; Adanu, R.; Lartey, M.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
Infectious Diseases of Poverty, 2018, 7, 18, pp (28 February 2018)
Abstract

Cotton fiber was proposed as a biodegradable support material. The properties like high specific area, hygroscopicity and adjustable shape make it be an idea substrate for solid phase extraction (SPE). In this work, inorganic layered double hydroxides (LDHs) were in situ immobilized onto cotton...

Author(s)
Wang XueMei; Zhou Wei; Wang ChenLu; Chen ZiLin
Publisher
Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Talanta, 2018, 186, pp 545-553
Abstract

Chemical attribution signatures indicative of O-isobutyl S-(2-diethylaminoethyl) methylphosphonothioate (Russian VX) synthetic routes were investigated in spiked food samples. Attribution signatures were identified using a multifaceted approach: Russian VX was synthesized using six synthetic routes ...

Author(s)
Williams, A. M.; Vu, A. K.; Mayer, B. P.; Hok, S.; Valdez, C. A.; Alcaraz, A.
Publisher
Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Talanta, 2018, 186, pp 607-614
Abstract

This work is part two of a three-part series in this issue of a Sweden-United States collaborative effort towards the understanding of the chemical attribution signatures of Russian VX (VR) in synthesized samples and complex food matrices. In this study, we describe the sourcing of VR present in...

Author(s)
Jansson, D.; Lindström, S. W.; Norlin, R.; Hok, S.; Valdez, C. A.; Williams, A. M.; Alcaraz, A.; Nilsson, C.; Ǻstot, C.
Publisher
Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Talanta, 2018, 186, pp 597-606
Abstract

Conventional common property theory does not accurately depict the institutional arrangements that characterize many indigenous pastoral tenure systems in Africa and Asia, nor does it explain why these systems break down when exposed to markets and centralized government control. These theoretical...

Author(s)
Behnke, R.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Land Use Policy, 2018, 76, pp 708-718
Abstract

Trends in food security and environmental protection are usually reported separately and at national level, which may be a great limitation to the assessment of regional policies seeking to improve food self-sufficiency, reduce poverty, and at the same time conserve biodiversity. In this study, a...

Author(s)
Galeana-Pizaña, J. M.; Couturier, S.; Monsivais-Huertero, A.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Land Use Policy, 2018, 76, pp 442-454
Abstract

We assess the production impacts of a 100% conversion to organic agriculture in England and Wales using a large-scale linear programming model. The model includes a range of typical farm structures, scaled up across the available land area, with the objective of maximising food production. The...

Author(s)
Smith, L. G.; Jones, P. J.; Kirk, G. J. D.; Pearce, B. D.; Williams, A. G.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Land Use Policy, 2018, 76, pp 391-404
Abstract

Livestock keeping and food production from grasslands play an important role in the Mediterranean region, where grazing has a long tradition and still is a key livelihood strategy. Yet, in many places widespread degradation (caused by overgrazing) severely threatens the natural resource base and...

Author(s)
Fetzel, T.; Petridis, P.; Noll, D.; Singh, S. J.; Fischer-Kowalski, M.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Land Use Policy, 2018, 76, pp 21-28
Abstract

Amber is fossilized tree resin and several biologically active compounds were isolated from ambers using the growth-restoring activity of the mutant yeast [Saccharomyces cerevisiae (zds1Δ erg3Δ pdr1Δ pdr3Δ)] involving Ca2+-signal transduction. The aim of this study is to investigate the...

Author(s)
Maruyama, M.; Kobayashi, M.; Uchida, T.; Shimizu, E.; Higashio, H.; Ohno, M.; Uesugi, S.; Kimura, K.
Publisher
Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Fitoterapia, 2018, 127, pp 263-270
Abstract

The discovery of taste receptors hTAS2Rs expression in extra oral tissue, especially in the gastrointestinal tract and in the respiratory system, has endowed bitter receptors of functionalities that exceed the simple perception of taste and flavour. In particular, stimulation of hTAS2Rs by bitter...

Author(s)
Pollastro, F.; Talmon, M.; Gaeta, S.; Rossi, S.; Lopatriello, A.; Fresu, L. G.
Publisher
Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Fitoterapia, 2018, 127, pp 252-256

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