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Abstract

Aims: To compare urine urinary pH, blood pH and concentration of electrolytes in blood of healthy horses fed an anionic salt supplement to achieve diets with a dietary cation-anion difference (DCAD) of -40 or 0 mEq/kg DM, with horses a fed a diet with a DCAD of 85 mEq/kg DM. Methods: Eight healthy ...

Author(s)
Nelson, E. A.; Sanchez, L. C.; Mallicote, M. F.; Warren, L. K.; Robelen, A. M.; Reuss, S. M.
Publisher
Taylor & Francis, Melbourne, Australia
Citation
New Zealand Veterinary Journal, 2020, 68, 1, pp 60-64
Abstract

Background: Urinalysis is a critical diagnostic test which is performed in routine veterinary medicine practice. In this diagnostic test, semiquantitative measurement of urine biochemical substances is carried out using urinary dipstick. In the current study, we evaluated the diagnostic performance ...

Author(s)
Hekmatynia, F.; Eskandarzadeh, N.; Imani, M.; Rezaei, M.; Zamani-Ahmadmahmudi, M.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
BMC Veterinary Research, 2019, 15, 242, pp (12 July 2019)
Abstract

There are limited data on the average nitrogen (N) intake and N loss for the different classes of equine livestock, and the different equine production systems within New Zealand. Using a deterministic model, the total nitrogen excreted, and nitrogen partitioned into animal requirements, urine and...

Author(s)
Chin, Y. Y.; Back, P. J.; Gee, E. K.; Rogers, C. W.
Publisher
New Zealand Society of Animal Production, Hamilton, New Zealand
Citation
New Zealand Journal of Animal Science and Production, 2019, 79, pp 1-7
Abstract

Objective: To describe the pharmacokinetics and selected pharmacodynamic variables of codeine and its metabolites in Thoroughbred horses following a single oral administration. Study design: Prospective experimental study. Animals A total of 12 Thoroughbred horses, nine geldings and three mares,...

Author(s)
Gretler, S. R.; Finno, C. J.; McKemie, D. S.; Kass, P. H.; Knych, H. K.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia, 2020, 47, 5, pp 694-704
Abstract

Horse urine is easily collected and contains molecules readily measurable using mass spectrometry that can be used as biomarkers representative of health, disease or drug tampering. This study aimed at analyzing microliter levels of horse urine to purify, identify and quantify proteins, polar...

Author(s)
Yuan Min; Breitkopf, S. B.; Asara, J. M.
Publisher
Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA
Citation
PLoS ONE, 2017, 12, 10, pp e0186258
Abstract

Background: Repeated topical application of indomethacin is common in Japanese racehorses, despite the lack of pharmacokinetic data. Objectives: To determine the concentrations of indomethacin and its metabolite, desmethylindomethacin, in plasma and urine of Thoroughbreds topically treated...

Author(s)
Kusano, K.; Minamijima, Y.; Mashita, S.; Kunii, H.; Yamashita, S.; Nagata, S.
Publisher
Wiley, Oxford, UK
Citation
Equine Veterinary Journal, 2019, 51, 4, pp 506-509
Abstract

Reasons for performing study: Treatment of metabolic acidosis using sodium bicarbonate solutions is safe when blood gas analysis is available. The evidence that solutions containing metabolisable buffers can be used as an alternative for treatment of metabolic acidosis in horses is of practical...

Author(s)
Romão, F. T. N. M. A.; Pereira, P. F. V.; Flaiban, K. K. M. C.; Dearo, A. C. O.; Fernandes, T. M.; Lisbcircumflex˜a, J. A. N.
Publisher
Wiley, Oxford, UK
Citation
Equine Veterinary Journal, 2017, 49, 1, pp 87-93
Abstract

In the doping tests currently used in horse racing, prohibited substances or their metabolites are usually directly detected in urine or blood samples. However, despite their lasting pharmaceutical effects, some prohibited substances are rapidly eliminated from horse urine and blood, making them...

Author(s)
Mori, M.; Ichibangase, T.; Yamashita, S.; Kijima-Suda, I.; Kawahara, M.; Imai, K.
Publisher
Japanese Society of Equine Science (Nihon Uma Kagakukai) Equine Research Institute, Japan Racing Association, Utsunomiya, Japan
Citation
Journal of Equine Science, 2015, 26, 4, pp 141-146
Abstract

Evaluating impact of animal agriculture on air quality has been the focus of recent research. Ammonia (NH3) volatilization occurs when undigested protein in feces and urea in urine is broken down by bacteria and enzymes. Information regarding NH3 emission from equine facilities is limited, and...

Author(s)
Weir, J.; Li, H.; Warren, L. K.; Macon, E.; Wickens, C.
Publisher
American Society of Animal Science, Savoy, USA
Citation
Journal of Animal Science, 2017, 95, 8, pp 3598-3608
Abstract

CASE DESCRIPTION: A 27-year-old Dutch Warmblood mare was evaluated because of a history of lethargy, reluctance to move, weight loss, persistent hyperproteinemia, and recurrent episodes of mild lameness. CLINICAL FINDINGS: Hematologic evaluation revealed anemia (RBC concentration, 3.84×106...

Author(s)
Eberhardt, C.; Malbon, A.; Riond, B.; Schoster, A.
Publisher
American Veterinary Medical Association, Schaumburg, USA
Citation
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 2018, 253, 9, pp 1177-1183

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