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Abstract

The distinction between lower respiratory tract infections caused by Rhodococcus equi and those caused by other pathogens is difficult. The aim of this retrospective study was to describe cytological findings in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of foals with pneumonia caused by R. equi or other ...

Author(s)
Vitale, V.; Sgorbini, M.; Cuteri, V.; Preziuso, S.; Attili, A. R.; Bonelli, F.
Publisher
Elsevier, New York, USA
Citation
Journal of Equine Veterinary Science, 2019, 79, pp 9-12
Abstract

Pneumonia is a frequent and serious disorder in the growing foal. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical signs, temperature, white blood cell (WBC) count and ultrasonographic findings of the lung as screening methods for early detection of pneumonia in foals. In a prospective study, 101 ...

Author(s)
Thomé, R.; Rohn, K.; Venner, M.
Publisher
Hippiatrika Verlag GmbH, Baden-Baden, Germany
Citation
Pferdeheilkunde, 2018, 34, 3, pp 260-266
Abstract

Shipping Fever is a transport associated syndrome seen in equids and bovines transported during long distances. The microbial profile and clinical signs vary between species, and in horses it is characterized by pharyngeal commensal bacteria and aerosolized particulate matter invading the lower...

Author(s)
Maeda, Y.; Oikawa, M.
Publisher
Frontiers Media S.A., Lausanne, Switzerland
Citation
Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 2019, 6, February, pp 27
Abstract

Background: Klebsiella spp. are implicated as a common cause of bacterial pneumonia in horses, but few reports describe clinical presentation and disease progression. Hypothesis/Objectives: To describe the signalment, clinicopathologic data, radiographic and ultrasonographic findings, antimicrobial ...

Author(s)
Estell, K. E.; Young, A.; Kozikowski, T.; Swain, E. A.; Byrne, B. A.; Reilly, C. M.; Kass, P. H.; Aleman, M.
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell, Boston, USA
Citation
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 2016, 30, 1, pp 314-321
Abstract

Rhodococcus equi (R. equi), a Gram-positive facultative intracellular pathogen is one of the most common causes of pneumonia in foals. The retrospective study compares the efficacy of rifampin/azithromycin versus rifampin/tulathromycin for the treatment of R. equi pneumonia in foals. Weekly medical ...

Author(s)
Arnold-Lehna, D.; Venner, M.; Berghaus, L. J.; Berghaus, R.; Giguère, S.
Publisher
Hippiatrika Verlag GmbH, Baden-Baden, Germany
Citation
Pferdeheilkunde, 2019, 35, 5, pp 423-430
Abstract

This article aims to provide an overview of bacterial bronchopneumonia and pleuropneumonia as well as to discuss available diagnostic tests and treatment options. Bacterial pneumonia is a relatively common condition in adult horses and can be life threatening if not managed appropriately....

Author(s)
Tallon, R.; McGovern, K.
Publisher
MA Healthcare Limited, London, UK
Citation
UK-Vet Equine, 2018, 2, 2, pp 34-41
Abstract

Chromobacterium violaceum is an opportunistic pathogen of mammals that produces characteristic violet pigment in bacterial culture. We report pneumonia and septicaemia caused by C. violaceum in a horse. Necropsy examination was performed on a 3-year-old Quarter Horse stallion with a history of...

Author(s)
Hammerschmitt, M. E.; Rolim, V. M.; Snel, G. G. M.; Siqueira, F. M.; Driemeier, D.; Pavarini, S. P.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Journal of Comparative Pathology, 2017, 156, 4, pp 334-338
Abstract

Transfusing foals with Rhodococcus equi hyperimmune plasma (REHIP) is a standard practice at many horse-breeding farms to help prevent R. equi pneumonia. At many large breeding farms, pneumonia is most commonly recognized as subclinical based on thoracic ultrasonography findings. The efficacy of...

Author(s)
Kahn, S. K.; Blodgett, G. P.; Canaday, N. M.; Bevevino, K. E.; Rocha, J. N.; Bordin, A. I.; Cohen, N. D.
Publisher
Elsevier, New York, USA
Citation
Journal of Equine Veterinary Science, 2019, 79, pp 54-58
Abstract

The occurrence of Rhodococcus equi at farms varies, with disease occurring endemically at some farms, but only sporadically, or not at all at other farms. Only some foals residing on endemic farms develop clinical signs of disease. Limited evidence is available regarding foal-level risk factors for ...

Author(s)
Coleman, M. C.; Blodgett, G. P.; Bevevino, K. E.; Ivanek, R.; Cummings, K. J.; Carter, G. K.; Cohen, N. D.
Publisher
Elsevier, New York, USA
Citation
Journal of Equine Veterinary Science, 2019, 72, pp 89-96
Abstract

Pleural effusions (PE) reportedly occur most commonly secondary to bacterial pneumonia with neoplastic effusions contributing a minority of cases. The majority of reports originate from the USA and Australia, where long distance transport of horses, a recognised risk factor, may occur more...

Author(s)
Johns, I.; Marr, C.; Durham, A.; Mair, T.; McParland, T.
Publisher
Wiley, Oxford, UK
Citation
Equine Veterinary Education, 2017, 29, 3, pp 144-148

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