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Abstract

The persistence of permethrin (5% a.i.) and pirimiphos-methyl (27% a.i.), applied to the dorsum of calves in the field against C. sonorensis, was estimated using a hair-blood-feeding bioassay in the laboratory. Hair clippings were taken before treatment and 3, 7, 14, 21, 28, 42 and 56 days after...

Author(s)
Mullens, B. A.; Velten, R. K.; Gerry, A. C.; Braverman, Y.; Endris, R. G.
Citation
Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 2000, 14, 3, pp 313-320
Abstract

Since 1998, multiple strains of bluetongue virus (BTV), belonging to six different serotypes (types 1, 2, 4, 8, 9 and 16) have caused outbreaks of disease in Europe, causing one of the largest epizootics of bluetongue ever recorded, with the deaths of >1.8 million animals (mainly sheep). The...

Author(s)
Shaw, A. E.; Monaghan, P.; Alpar, H. O.; Anthony, S.; Darpel, K. E.; Batten, C. A.; Guercio, A.; Alimena, G.; Vitale, M.; Bankowska, K.; Carpenter, S.; Jones, H.; Oura, C. A. L.; King, D. P.; Elliott, H.; Mellor, P. S.; Mertens, P. P. C.
Publisher
Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Journal of Virological Methods, 2007, 145, 2, pp 115-126
Abstract

Historical surveillance for bluetongue virus (BTV) exposure in the United States of America (USA) has relied on periodical serological surveillance using samples collected from cattle at slaughter. Most of this surveillance has been focused on the north-eastern portion of the USA due to the lack of ...

Author(s)
Dargatz, D.; Akin, K.; Green, A.; Herrero, M.; Holland, S.; Kane, A.; Knowles, D.; McElwain, T.; Moser, K. M.; Ostlund, E. N.; Parker, M.; Schmidtmann, E. T.; Seitzinger, A.; Schuler, L.; Stevens, G.; Tesar, L.; White, L.; Williams, L.; Wineland, N.; Walton, T. E.
Publisher
Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell'Abruzzo e del Molise 'G. Caporale', Teramo, Italy
Citation
Veterinaria Italiana, 2004, 40, 3, pp 182-183
Abstract

The distribution of the bluetongue viruses (BTV) is limited to geographic areas containing competent vector species. All BTV-competent species belong to the genus Culicoides. In the New World, two different BTV epidemiological systems (episystems) occur. Culicoides sonorensis is responsible for...

Author(s)
Tabachnick, W. J.
Publisher
Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell'Abruzzo e del Molise 'G. Caporale', Teramo, Italy
Citation
Veterinaria Italiana, 2004, 40, 3, pp 145-150
Abstract

Biting midges of the genus Culicoides are important in the transmission of viral diseases affecting wild and domestic ungulates, including bluetongue (BLU) and epizootic haemorrhagic disease (EHD). The primary known vector for these viruses is C. sonorensis, however, it has been speculated that...

Author(s)
Rosenstock, S. S.; Ramberg, F.; Collins, J. K.; Rabe, M. J.
Publisher
Entomological Society of America, Lanham, USA
Citation
Journal of Medical Entomology, 2003, 40, 4, pp 577-579
Abstract

Research done on the different biting insects and arachnids in British Columbia (Canada) are presented. These biting pests which include ticks, midges, black flies and mosquitoes are usually vectors of human and animal diseases. The spiders Latrodectus hesperus, Loxosceles reclusa and Tegenaria...

Author(s)
Belton, P.; Borkent, A.; Costello, B.
Publisher
Entomological Society of British Columbia, Burnaby, Canada
Citation
Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia, 2001, 98, pp 119-125
Abstract

Holstein heifers in a confined feedlot setting on a southern California dairy (USA) were either sprayed individually along the ventral midline using 0.2% permethrin (250 ml/animal) (2 pens) or were not treated (2 pens). Treatments (n=6 dates) were applied every 2 weeks during the peak fall...

Author(s)
Mullens, B. A.; Gerry, A. C.; Velten, R. K.
Publisher
Entomological Society of America, Lanham, USA
Citation
Journal of Medical Entomology, 2001, 38, 5, pp 760-762
Abstract

Vesicular stomatitis (VS) epizootics in the Western United States have caused substantial economic losses to U.S. livestock industries in 1995, 1997, and 1998. The role of arthropods in transmitting VS to U.S. livestock is unclear. In particular, the impact of arthropod salivary gland factors in VS ...

Author(s)
Tabachnick, W. J.
Publisher
New York Academy of Sciences, New York, USA
Citation
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 2000, 916, pp 444-452
Abstract

This chapter describes procedures and equipment that may be used for the laboratory colonization and maintenance of various species of Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) as vectors of animal or human disease pathogens. The emphasis is on the North American vector species, C. sonorensis.

Author(s)
Hunt, G. J.; Mullens, B. A.; Tabachnick, W. J.
Publisher
Science Publishers, Inc., Enfield, NH, USA
Citation
Maintenance of human, animal, and plant pathogen vectors., 1999, pp 35-55
Abstract

Aquatic habitats with immature populations of the C. variipennis complex were sampled across USA and tested for soil chemistry parameters. Indicators of organic loading, phosphate, percentage of organic matter, and nitrate were high for C. variipennis and C. sonorensis, reflecting the common...

Author(s)
Schmidtmann, E. T.; Bobian, R. J.; Belden, R. P.
Publisher
Entomological Society of America, Lanham, USA
Citation
Journal of Medical Entomology, 2000, 37, 1, pp 58-64

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