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Abstract

Culicoides sonorensis Wirth and Jones biting midges are the primary North American vectors of bluetongue virus (BTV), which infects domestic ruminant livestock and can cause high morbidity and mortality. Both virus and vector exhibit highly seasonal activity patterns, even in subtropical climates...

Author(s)
McDermott, E. G.; Mayo, C. E.; Mullens, B. A.
Publisher
Oxford University Press, Cary, USA
Citation
Journal of Medical Entomology, 2017, 54, 2, pp 264-274
Abstract

Ceratopogonidae (Diptera) were collected on sheep farms in southern Ontario to establish whether Culicoides spp. pose a threat to the livestock industry. Specimens were collected in modified CO2-baited Centers for Disease Control and Prevention light traps, returned to the laboratory,...

Author(s)
Jewiss-Gaines, A.; Barelli, L.; Hunter, F. F.
Publisher
Oxford University Press, Cary, USA
Citation
Journal of Medical Entomology, 2017, 54, 3, pp 757-762
Abstract

Culicoides sonorensis Wirth and Jones (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) is a key bluetongue virus vector in the United States. Immatures occur in mud near the edges of wastewater ponds and are understudied targets for control efforts. Eggs of C. sonorensis were collected in the morning from a dairy...

Author(s)
Wong, N. D.; McDermott, E. G.; Murillo, A. C.; Mullens, B. A.
Publisher
Oxford University Press, Cary, USA
Citation
Journal of Medical Entomology, 2018, 55, 2, pp 392-397
Abstract

The egg and larval instars (L1-L4) of Culicoides sonorensis Wirth and Jones are described. Average (range) of body lengths of a laboratory colony (Van Ryn) were 0.45 (0.43-0.48) mm for eggs, 0.72 (0.39-0.92) mm for L1, 1.8 (1.3-2.2) mm for L2, 3.6 (2.2-5.0) mm for L3, and 5.9 (5.0-6.9) mm for L4....

Author(s)
Abubekerov, L. A.; Mullens, B. A.
Publisher
Oxford University Press, Cary, USA
Citation
Journal of Medical Entomology, 2018, 55, 3, pp 553-560
Abstract

Culicoides biting midges transmit multiple ruminant viruses, including bluetongue virus and epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus, causing significant economic burden worldwide. To further enhance current control techniques, understanding vector-virus interactions within the midge is critical. We...

Author(s)
Mills, M. K.; Nayduch, D.; McVey, D. S.; Michel, K.
Publisher
Oxford University Press, Cary, USA
Citation
Journal of Medical Entomology, 2017, 54, 3, pp 559-567
Abstract

African horse sickness virus (AHSV) and bluetongue virus (BTV) are arboviruses of the genus Orbivirus that are transmitted to their vertebrate hosts by Culicoides biting midges. These orbiviruses exhibit lytic infection (apoptosis) in mammalian cells, but cause persistent infection with no...

Author(s)
Vermaak, E.; Maree, F. F.; Theron, J.
Publisher
Elsevier B. V., Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Virus Research, 2017, 232, pp 152-161
Abstract

We investigated the susceptibility of Culicoides sonorensis to Cache Valley virus (CVV) (family Bunyaviridae, genus Orthobunyavirus) infection and the potential that it could be a vector or site of virus reassortment. CVV is native to the New World and causes disease in livestock. Infected blood...

Author(s)
Reeves, W. K.; Miller, M. M.
Publisher
Springer-Wien, Wien, Austria
Citation
Archives of Virology, 2013, 158, 10, pp 2175-2177
Abstract

Background: Despite their importance in animal and human health, the epidemiology of species of the Leishmania enriettii complex remains poorly understood, including the identity of their biological vectors. Biting midges of the genus Forcipomyia (Lasiohelea) have been implicated in the...

Author(s)
Seblova, V.; Sadlova, J.; Vojtkova, B.; Votypka, J.; Carpenter, S.; Bates, P. A.; Volf, P.
Publisher
Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA
Citation
PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 2015, 9, 9, pp e0004060
Abstract

Understanding factors that affect Culicoides larval development is critical in suppressing adult midge populations that transmit economically important pathogens to ruminants such as bluetongue virus and epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus. In this study, development of Culicoides sonorensis Wirth...

Author(s)
Erram, D.; Zurek, L.
Publisher
Oxford University Press, Cary, USA
Citation
Journal of Medical Entomology, 2018, 55, 1, pp 43-50
Abstract

Background: Hematophagous Culicoides spp. biting midges are of great agricultural importance as livestock, equine, and wildlife pests and as vectors of the orbiviruses bluetongue, epizootic hemorrhagic disease and African horse sickness. To obtain a blood meal, midges deposit saliva containing...

Author(s)
Lehiy, C. J.; Reister-Hendricks, L. M.; Ruder, M. G.; McVey, D. S.; Drolet, B. S.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
Parasites and Vectors, 2018, 11, 358, pp (20 June 2018)

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