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Abstract

Background: Despite their importance in animal and human health, the epidemiology of species of the Leishmania enriettii complex remains poorly understood, including the identity of their biological vectors. Biting midges of the genus Forcipomyia (Lasiohelea) have been implicated in the...

Author(s)
Seblova, V.; Sadlova, J.; Vojtkova, B.; Votypka, J.; Carpenter, S.; Bates, P. A.; Volf, P.
Publisher
Public Library of Sciences (PLoS), San Francisco, USA
Citation
PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 2015, 9, 9, pp e0004060
Abstract

Background: Culicoides sonorensis (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) is a vector of epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) serotypes 1 and 2 in North America, where these viruses are well-known pathogens of white-tailed deer (WTD) and other wild ruminants. Although historically rare, reports of...

Author(s)
Ruder, M. G.; Howerth, E. W.; Stallknecht, D. E.; Allison, A. B.; Carter, D. L.; Drolet, B. S.; Klement, E.; Mead, D. G.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
Parasites and Vectors, 2012, 5, 236, pp (17 October 2012)
AbstractFull Text

These proceeding present selected papers from the IV International Conference on Bluetongue and Related Orbiviruses, held in Rome, Italy, 5-7 November 2014. Topics include: the changing global face of Bluetongue: from the beginning; Bluetongue and other Orbiviruses in South America: gaps and...

Publisher
Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell'Abruzzo e del Molise 'G. Caporale', Teramo, Italy
Citation
Veterinaria Italiana, 2015, 51, 4, pp 247-406
Abstract

Replication of arboviruses, including orbiviruses, within the vector has been shown to be temperature dependent. Cooler ambient temperatures slow virus replication in arthropod vectors, whereas viruses replicate faster and to higher titers at warmer ambient temperatures. Previous research with...

Author(s)
Ruder, M. G.; Stallknecht, D. E.; Howerth, E. W.; Carter, D. L.; Pfannenstiel, R. S.; Allison, A. B.; Mead, D. G.
Publisher
Entomological Society of America, Annapolis, USA
Citation
Journal of Medical Entomology, 2015, 52, 5, pp 1050-1059
Abstract

Vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) is an important vector-borne pathogen of bovine and equine species, causing a reportable vesicular disease. The matrix (M) protein of VSV is multifunctional and plays a key role in cytopathogenesis, apoptosis, host protein shut-off, and virion assembly/budding. Our...

Author(s)
Irie, T.; Liu, Y. L.; Drolet, B. S.; Carnero, E.; García-Sastre, A.; Harty, R. N.
Publisher
MDPI Publishing, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Viruses, 2012, 4, 9, pp 1605-1618
Abstract

Working stocks of Weldona virus (isolate 76V-21935) were produced in African green monkey kidney cells up to 4.8 log10 TCID50. TCID50 virus in cell culture media were mixed 1:1 with sheep blood and fed to females of Culicoides sonorensis in two separate trials. Females of C. sonorensis were...

Author(s)
Reeves, W. K.; Miller, M. M.
Publisher
Georgia Entomological Society, Griffin, USA
Citation
Journal of Entomological Science, 2009, 44, 4, pp 412-414
Abstract

Epizootic hemorrhagic disease viruses (EHDVs) are orbiviruses transmitted by Culicoides biting midges to domestic and wild ruminants. EHDV-1 and EHDV-2 are endemic in the United States, where epizootic hemorrhagic disease is the most significant viral disease of white-tailed deer (WTD; Odocoileus...

Author(s)
Gaynor, A. M.; Zhu, K. W.; Cruz, F. N. dela Jr.; Affolter, V. K.; Pesavento, P. A.
Publisher
American College of Veterinary Pathologists Inc., Lawrence, USA
Citation
Veterinary Pathology, 2016, 53, 3, pp 574-584
Abstract

Laboratory-reared Culicoides sonorensis Wirth & Jones were infected with vesicular stomatitis virus serotype New Jersey (family Rhabdoviridae, genus Vesiculovirus, VSNJV) through intrathoracic inoculation. After 10-d incubation at 25°C, these insects were allowed to blood feed on four steers. Two...

Author(s)
Leon, A. A. P. de; Tabachnick, W. J.
Publisher
Entomological Society of America, Lanham, USA
Citation
Journal of Medical Entomology, 2006, 43, 2, pp 323-329
Abstract

The duration of viraemia infectious to Culicoides sonorensis was evaluated in bluetongue virus (BTV)-infected sheep and cattle by feeding laboratory-reared C. sonorensis directly on the skin of ruminants that previously were infected with BTV by insect inoculation. The intervals after infection...

Author(s)
Bonneau, K. R.; DeMaula, C. D.; Mullens, B. A.; MacLachlan, N. J.
Publisher
Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Veterinary Microbiology, 2002, 88, 2, pp 115-125
Abstract

Vesicular stomatitis virus serotype New Jersey (VSNJV) was mixed with bovine blood or fetal bovine serum (FBS) and fed across silicone membranes to laboratory populations of Culicoides sonorensis. In an initial study, virus was detected after 13 days in 21% of the midges that received an FBS/VSNJV...

Author(s)
Nunamaker, R. A.; Peréz de León, A. A.; Campbell, C. L.; Lonning, S. M.
Publisher
Entomological Society of America, Lanham, USA
Citation
Journal of Medical Entomology, 2000, 37, 5, pp 784-786

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