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Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are biological vectors of two important viruses impacting North American ruminants - bluetongue virus (BTV) and epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV). These viruses have been identified for over 60 years in North America, but we still lack an ...

Pfannenstiel, R. S.; Mullens, B. A.; Ruder, M. G.; Zurek, L.; Cohnstaedt, L. W.; Nayduch, D.
Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., New Rochelle, USA
Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, 2015, 15, 6, pp 374-384