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Abstract

Substantial work has demonstrated that early nutrition and home environments, including the degree to which children receive cognitive stimulation and emotional support from parents, play a profound role in influencing early childhood development. Yet, less work has documented the joint influences...

Author(s)
Berkes, J.; Raikes, A.; Bouguen, A.; Filmer, D.
Publisher
World Bank, Washington, USA
Citation
Policy Research Working Paper - World Bank, 2018, No.8529, pp 36 pp.
Abstract

In the UK, food poverty has been associated with conditions such as obesity, malnutrition, hypertension, iron deficiency, and impaired liver function. Food banks, the primary response to food poverty on the ground, typically rely on community referral and distribution systems that involve health...

Author(s)
Thompson, C.; Smith, D.; Cummins, S.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Social Science & Medicine, 2018, 211, pp 95-101
Abstract

Glutamine (Gln) is the most concentrated amino acid in blood and considered conditionally essential. Its requirement is increased during physiological stress, such as malnutrition or illness, despite its production by muscle and other organs. In the malnourished state, Gln has been suggested to...

Author(s)
Araya, S.; Kuster, E.; Gluch, D.; Mariotta, L.; Lutz, C.; Reding, T. V.; Graf, R.; Verrey, F.; Camargo, S. M. R.
Publisher
American Physiological Society, Bethesda, USA
Citation
American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology, 2018, 314, 4, pp G517-G536
Abstract

Water pollution with heavy metals due to discharge of untreated domestic wastes and surface runoff to the rivers is a major threat for human health that consumes vegetables grown with the polluted river. The present study aimed to examine the contamination of heavy metals through the health risk...

Author(s)
Ftsum Gebreyohannes; Abraha Gebrekidan
Publisher
Chemical Society of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Citation
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia, 2018, 32, 1, pp 65-75
Abstract

This study presents the preparation and property characterization of a konjac glucomannan (KGM)/starch based aerogel as a thermal insulation material. Wheat straw powders (a kind of agricultural waste) and starch are used to enhance aerogel physical properties such as mechanical strength and pore...

Author(s)
Wang YiXin; Wu Kao; Xiao Man; Riffat, S. B.; Su YueHong; Jiang FaTang
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Carbohydrate Polymers, 2018, 197, pp 284-291
Abstract

The use of ready-to-use therapeutic foods (RUTF) in the management of severe acute malnutrition is increasingly common due to the high prevalence of childhood illnesses. The objective of this study was to evaluate their impact on the biochemical and anthropometric parameters of severely...

Author(s)
Traore, F.; Bah, M. S.; Sidibe, S.; Lamah, B.; Samake, A. T.; Diallo, A. S.
Publisher
International Formulae Group (IFG), Dschang, Cameroon
Citation
International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences, 2018, 12, 1, pp 275-285
Abstract

Obesity is known to be a risk factor of non-communicable diseases and mortality. The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of obesity and associated socioeconomic and lifestyle factors. Data on anthropometry, food consumption, physical activity and socioeconomic status of the...

Author(s)
Flenon, J. A.; Mitchikpe, C. E. S.; Hounhouigan, D. J.
Publisher
International Formulae Group (IFG), Dschang, Cameroon
Citation
International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences, 2018, 12, 1, pp 217-232
AbstractFull Text

Escherichia coli are recognized indicators of faecal contamination. However, this perspective has changed with the ability of some strains of E. coli to cause human illness. The pathogenic E. coli strains can cause a variety of diseases, including diarrhoea, dysentery, and haemolytic uremic...

Author(s)
Vijay Atnur; Muttappa Khavi; Vijayakumar, S.; Rajanna, K. B.
Publisher
Dr P. R. Yadav, Muzaffrnagar, India
Citation
Journal of Experimental Zoology, India, 2018, 21, 2, pp 1115-1119
AbstractFull Text

Background. Calcium is an essential element for the growth, activity, and maintenance of the human body. Eggshells are a waste product which has received growing interest as a cheap and effective source of dietary calcium. Yogurt is a food which can be fortified with functional additives, including ...

Author(s)
El-Shibiny, S.; El-Gawad, M. A. E. M. A.; Assem, F. M.; El-Sayed, S. M.
Publisher
Wydawnictwo Akademii Rolniczej w Poznaniu, Poznań, Poland
Citation
Acta Scientiarum Polonorum - Technologia Alimentaria, 2018, 17, 1, pp 37-49
Abstract

Background: Flooding has caused significant and wide ranging long-term health impacts for affected populations. However, until now, the long-term health outcomes, epidemiological trends and specific impact factors of flooding had not been identified. In this study, the relevant literature was...

Author(s)
Zhong Shuang; Yang LianPing; Toloo, S.; Wang Zhe; Tong Shilu; Sun XiaoJie; Crompton, D.; FitzGerald, G.; Huang Cunrui
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Science of the Total Environment, 2018, 626, pp 165-194

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