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Umbrella review compares evidence from 11 systematic reviews 

Date
15 March 2021
Abstract

Background: Higher leptin and lower adiponectin levels have been linked to progressing systemic inflammation and diseases of aging. Among older adults with obesity and an inflammatory conditions, we quantified effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation on ...

Author(s)
Rausch, J. A.; Gillespie, S.; Orchard, T.; Tan, A.; McDaniel, J. C.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, 2021, 170,
Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the magnitude of weight loss (WL) and serum concentrations of the main adipocytokines and appetite-regulating hormones in adolescents with obesity. Methods: After completion of informed consent, 108 adolescents with obesity ...

Author(s)
Kravchychyn, A. C. P.; Campos, R. M. da S.; Oliveira e Silva, L.; Ferreira, Y. A. M.; Corgosinho, F. C.; Masquio, D. C. L.; Vicente, S. E. de C. F.; Oyama, L. M.; Tock, L.; Mello, M. T. de; Tufik, S.; Thivel, D.; Dâmaso, A. R.
Publisher
Elsevier, New York, USA
Citation
Nutrition, 2021, 87/88,
Abstract

Olfaction is crucial for many aspects of daily life and its alteration is quite common. Here, we set up a large-scale investigation of olfactory deficits in a sample of French individuals in order to examine the prevalence of smell dysfunction and its effects on eating behavior across lifespan, by...

Author(s)
Manesse, C.; Ferdenzi, C.; Mantel, M.; Sabri, M.; Bessy, M.; Fournel, A.; Faure, F.; Bellil, D.; Landis, B. M.; Hugentobler, M.; Giboreau, A.; Rouby, C.; Bensafi, M.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Food Quality and Preference, 2021, 93,
Abstract

Background: Pine nut oil (PNO), a standardized and well-defined extract of Pinus koraiensis (Korean pine), has beneficial effects on wound healing, inflammatory diseases, and cancer. However, the explanation for the mechanism by which PNO reduces body fat remains uncertain. We performed a...

Author(s)
Jin SeongChul; Kim MiHye; Choi LaYoon; Nam YeonKyung; Yang WoongMo
Publisher
Elsevier GmbH, Munich, Germany
Citation
Phytomedicine, 2021, 86,
Abstract

Bone tissue in vertebrates is essential to performing movements, to protecting internal organs and to regulating calcium homeostasis. Moreover, bone has also been suggested to contribute to whole-body physiology as an endocrine organ, affecting male fertility; brain development and cognition; and...

Author(s)
Donat, A.; Knapstein, P. R.; Jiang Shan; Baranowsky, A.; Ballhause, T. M.; Frosch, K. H.; Keller, J.
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2021, 22, 8,
Abstract

The complex nature of folliculogenesis regulation accounts for its susceptibility to maternal physiological fitness. In obese mothers, progressive expansion of adipose tissue culminates with severe hyperestrogenism and hyperleptinemia with detrimental effects for ovarian performance. Indeed,...

Author(s)
Wołodko, K.; Castillo-Fernandez, J.; Kelsey, G.; Galvão, A.
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2021, 22, 8,
Abstract

Background: Currently, obesity is a global health challenge due to its increasing prevalence and associated health risk. It is associated with various metabolic diseases, including diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, stroke, certain forms of cancer, and non-alcoholic liver diseases...

Author(s)
Hussain, A.; Cho JinSook; Kim JongSeok; Lee YoungIk
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Molecules, 2021, 26, 2,
Abstract

Different neuromodulatory systems are involved in long-term energy balance and body weight and, among these, evidence shows that the endocannabinoid system, in particular the activation of type-1 cannabinoid receptor, plays a key role. We here review current literature focusing on the role of the...

Author(s)
Pucci, M.; Zaplatic, E.; Bonaventura, M. V. M. di; Bonaventura, E. M. di; Cristofaro, P. de; Maccarrone, M.; Cifani, C.; D'Addario, C.
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2021, 22, 1,
Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the influence of an enrolled degree course on health and eating habits in a population of Spanish university students (17-26 y of age). Methods: A cross-sectional observational study was carried out with 648 students. Volunteers were stratified into...

Author(s)
Muñoz-Rodríguez, J. R.; Luna-Castro, J.; Ballesteros-Yáñez, I.; Pérez-Ortiz, J. M.; Gómez-Romero, F. J.; Redondo-Calvo, F. J.; Alguacil, L. F.; Castillo, C. A.
Publisher
Elsevier, New York, USA
Citation
Nutrition, 2021, 86,

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