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News Article

People choose smaller portions when thinking about health.

Date
19 July 2018
News Article

Evidence suggests larger portion sizes lead to higher calorie intakes, can this be countered?

Date
29 January 2018
Abstract

Background and Objective: Consuming herbal supplements for preventing obesity is cheaper and safer in comparison to chemical drugs. Considering the anti-obesity effect of Cinnamon, in this study, effects of two different doses of aqueous Cinnamon extract on weight and biochemical indices related to ...

Author(s)
Rostamkhani, S.; Mahmazi, S.; Ghorbanlou, M.; Shokri, S.; Nejatbakhsh, R.; Bayati, V.
Publisher
Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
Citation
Jundishapur Scientific Medical Journal, 2018, 16, 6, pp Pe693-Pe703
Abstract

Burn injury is a severe form of trauma associated with pain, metabolic abnormalities, susceptibility to infections, muscle loss, mental and emotional distress. Conventional therapies as well as some recent approaches for the treatment of burned patients are currently in use. Nutritional therapy is...

Author(s)
Donma, M. M.; Donma, O.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Medical Hypotheses, 2018, 118, pp 163-168
Abstract

Leptin plays a pivotal role in the central control of energy balance through leptin receptors expressed on specific hypothalamic nuclei. Leptin suppresses food intake and body weight and ameliorates hyperglycemia by acting on the AgRP and POMC neurons of the arcuate nucleus. Leptin action on POMC...

Author(s)
Lee SooJung; Lee JooYoung; Kang GilMyoung; Kim MinSeon
Publisher
Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd., Shannon, Irish Republic
Citation
Neuroscience Letters, 2018, 681, pp 105-109
Abstract

The vagus nerve connects peripheral organs to the central nervous system (CNS), and gastrointestinal hormones transmit their signals to the CNS via the vagal afferent nerve. Ghrelin, a gastric-derived orexigenic peptide, stimulates food intake by transmitting starvation signals via the vagus nerve. ...

Author(s)
Okada, T.; Waise, T. M. Z.; Toshinai, K.; Mita, Y.; Sakoda, H.; Nakazato, M.
Publisher
Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd., Shannon, Irish Republic
Citation
Neuroscience Letters, 2018, 681, pp 50-55
Abstract

Ghrelin, a 28-amino acid peptide hormone expressed in X/A-like endocrine cells of the stomach, is the only known peripherally produced and centrally acting peptide that stimulates food intake and therefore attracted a lot of attention with one major focus on the treatment of conditions where an...

Author(s)
Schalla, M. A.; Stengel, A.
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2018, 19, 7, pp 2117
Abstract

Baby foods are either a soft, liquid paste or an easily chewed food since babies lack developed muscles and teeth to chew effectively. Babies typically move to consuming baby food once nursing or formula is not sufficient for the child's appetite. Some commercial baby foods have been criticized for ...

Author(s)
Notardonato, I.; Salimei, E.; Russo, M. V.; Avino, P.
Publisher
Springer Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany
Citation
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 2018, 410, 14, pp 3285-3296
Abstract

Background: Tuberculosis is a specific infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The disease is usually chronic with cardinal features such as persistent cough with or without expectoration, intermittent fever, and loss of appetite, weight loss, chest pain and hemoptysis. Objective:...

Author(s)
Rohit, R. T.; Anjana Niranjan; Pawan, P. A.
Publisher
Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, 2018, 65, 2, pp 140-144
Abstract

Anorexia is a hallmark of animal and human exposed to T-2 toxin, a most poisonous trichothecene mycotoxins contaminating various cereal grains including wheat, corn and barley. Although this adverse effect has been well characterized in several animal species, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. ...

Author(s)
Wu WenDa; Sheng Kun; Xu XingLian; Zhang HaiBin; Zhou GuangHong
Publisher
Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 2018, 153, pp 181-187

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