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Abstract

Objective: Virgin coconut oil (CO) and treadmill exercise have been reported to improve memory performance in young rats. CO has also been associated with antistress properties in young, stressed mice. Therefore, in this study we aimed to investigate whether CO and treadmill exercise could...

Author(s)
Silva, D. de C. da; Tavares, M. G.; Nascimento, C. K. B. do; Lira, E. C.; Santos, Â. A. dos; Maia, L. M. S. de S.; Hornsby, M. B. O.
Publisher
Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK
Citation
Food and Function, 2018, 9, 3, pp 1492-1499
Abstract

Depression is one of the most important health problems worldwide. Women are 2.5 times more likely to experience major depression than men. Evidence suggests that some women might experience an increased risk for developing depression during "windows of vulnerability", i.e., when exposed to intense ...

Author(s)
Ciappolino, V.; Mazzocchi, A.; Enrico, P.; Syrén, M. L.; Delvecchio, G.; Agostoni, C.; Brambilla, P.
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2018, 19, 7, pp 1849
Abstract

Background: Food insecurity is the state of having insufficient access to adequate food in order to maintain a healthy lifestyle due to limited economic resources. This study expands upon the annual survey conducted by the USDA ERS, while providing evidence that additional factors, notably, medical ...

Author(s)
Dominick, S. R.; Widmar, N. J. O.; Ruple, A.; Weir, J. Z. G.; Acharya, L.
Publisher
BioMed Central Ltd, London, UK
Citation
Agriculture and Food Security, 2018, 7, 43, pp (3 July 2018)
Abstract

Nutraceuticals have generated interest as a way to mitigate the cognitive decline in older adults. The aim of this systematic review was to determine the evidence for these claims from the scientific literature in randomised, double-blinded, controlled trials (duration: ≥1 year; participants: ...

Author(s)
D'Cunha, N. M.; Georgousopoulou, E. N.; Lakshika Dadigamuwage; Kellett, J.; Panagiotakos, D. B.; Thomas, J.; McKune, A. J.; Mellor, D. D.; Naumovski, N.
Publisher
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK
Citation
British Journal of Nutrition, 2018, 119, 3, pp 280-298
Abstract

Purpose: Depression is frequently associated with inflammation, whereas omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) primarily found in fish oil possess anti-inflammatory properties. Although converging studies suggest an antidepressant effect of PUFAs, there is limited evidence directly linking the ...

Author(s)
Dang RuiLi; Zhou XueYuan; Tang MiMi; Xu PengFei; Gong XiaoXue; Liu YuanYuan; Jiao HongXiao; Jiang Pei
Publisher
Springer Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany
Citation
European Journal of Nutrition, 2018, 57, 3, pp 893-906
AbstractFull Text

Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is commonly associated with depressive symptoms, which affect prognosis and quality of life. We investigated the antidepressant effects of n-3 fatty acids (n-3FAs) monotherapy (without conventional antidepressants) for T2DM patients with mild to moderate...

Author(s)
Mazaherioun, M.; Saedisomeolia, A.; Javanbakht, M. H.; Koohdani, F.; Zarei, M.; Ansari, S.; Bazargani, F. K.; Djalali, M.
Publisher
School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Citation
Iranian Journal of Public Health, 2018, 47, 4, pp 575-583
AbstractFull Text

Background: Anxiety disorders are the most common of all mental health problems. They are more prevalent among women than among men, and they affect children as well as adults. The aim of the current study is to evaluate this problem via an experimental animal model and try to explore its possible...

Author(s)
Soliman, G. F.; Khattab, A.; Habil, M.
Publisher
Food Science Publisher, Denton, USA
Citation
Functional Foods in Health and Disease, 2018, 8, 2, pp 91-106
Abstract

The past decade has seen rapid development of the technologies of 16S rRNA, high throughput sequencing and sequence identification in microbiology. The research on the correlation between gut microbiota and several diseases have been flourishing. Up to date, a large number of evidences indicated...

Author(s)
Gong Xue; Zhou Dong; Hong Zhen
Publisher
Department of Chinese Journal of Microecology, Dalian, China
Citation
Zhongguo Weishengtaxixue Zazhi / Chinese Journal of Microecology, 2018, 30, 3, pp 350-357
Abstract

Diminished cognitive and mood function are among the most conspicuous symptoms of Gulf War Illness (GWI). Our previous studies in a rat model of GWI have demonstrated that persistent cognitive and mood impairments are associated with substantially declined neurogenesis, chronic low-grade...

Author(s)
Kodali, M.; Hattiangady, B.; Shetty, G. A.; Bates, A.; Shuai, B.; Shetty, A. K.
Publisher
Elsevier, New York, USA
Citation
Brain, Behavior and Immunity, 2018, 69, pp 499-514
Abstract

Background: Lipid metabolism has been shown to play an important role in unipolar and bipolar depression. In this study, we aimed to evaluate levels of fatty acids in patients with unipolar (MDD) and bipolar depression (BDD) in comparison to patients with bipolar disorder in euthymia (BDE) and...

Author(s)
Scola, G.; Versace, A.; Metherel, A. H.; Monsalve-Castro, L. A.; Phillips, M. L.; Bazinet, R. P.; Andreazza, A. C.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Journal of Affective Disorders, 2018, 233, pp 86-91

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