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Nutrition and Food Sciences

Nutrition and food science information across the food chain supporting academic and industrial research

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Abstract

Gastrointestinal pathologies associated with abdominal pain, such as irritable bowel syndrome or inflammatory bowel disease, lack sufficiently effective treatments. In our study we have used a rat model of visceral pain (72 animals; n=8-13 per experimental group) to analyze the consequences of...

Author(s)
López-Gómez, L.; Antón, J.; López-Tofiño, Y.; Pomana, B.; Uranga, J. A.; Abalo, R.
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2022, 19, 11,
AbstractFull Text

Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have been found to have decreased immune function. Selenium (Se) is an essential trace element that is beneficial for human health, which has a significant stimulating effect on immune function. We compared the effects of different Se forms on the...

Author(s)
Zhong YuQing; Jin Yan; Zhang QiuXiang; Mao BingYong; Tang Xin; Huang Jie; Guo RenMei; Zhao JianXin; Cui ShuMao; Chen Wei
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Nutrients, 2022, 14, 12,
AbstractFull Text

This study was aimed at characterizing the gut microbiota (GM) and its functional profile in two groups of Sardinian subjects with a long healthy life expectancy, overall named Long-Lived Subjects (LLS) [17 centenarians (CENT) and 29 nonagenarians (NON)] by comparing them to 46 healthy younger...

Author(s)
Palmas, V.; Pisanu, S.; Madau, V.; Casula, E.; Deledda, A.; Cusano, R.; Uva, P.; Loviselli, A.; Velluzzi, F.; Manzin, A.
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Nutrients, 2022, 14, 12,
AbstractFull Text

Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune disease with the destruction of small intestinal villi, which occurs in genetically predisposed individuals. At the present moment, a gluten-free diet (GFD) is the only way to restore the functionality of gut mucosa. However, there is an open debate on the...

Author(s)
Palmieri, O.; Castellana, S.; Bevilacqua, A.; Latiano, A.; Latiano, T.; Panza, A.; Fontana, R.; Ippolito, A. M.; Biscaglia, G.; Gentile, A.; Gioffreda, D.; Decina, I.; Tricarico, M.; Sinigaglia, M.; Corbo, M. R.; Mazza, T.; Perri, F.; Lamacchia, C.
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Nutrients, 2022, 14, 12,
AbstractFull Text

Background: Nutritional supplements, such as bovine lactoferrin (bLF), have been studied for their immunomodulatory properties, but little is known of their effect on the gut microbiota composition of the elderly when supplemented alone or combined with other nutritional supplements such as...

Author(s)
Konstanti, P.; Smidt, H.; Belzer, C.; Splunter, M. van; Brink, E. van den; Nauta, A.; Neerven, R. J. J. van
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Nutrients, 2022, 14, 12,
AbstractFull Text

The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is increasing globally. Probiotics have been shown to be an effective intervention for diabetes. This study focused on the relieving effects and possible mechanisms of 16 strains of two dominant Bifidobacterium species (B. bifidum and B. adolescentis, which exist ...

Author(s)
Qian Xin; Si Qian; Lin GuoPeng; Zhu MinMin; Lu JingYu; Zhang Hao; Wang Gang; Chen Wei
Publisher
MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
Citation
Nutrients, 2022, 14, 12,
Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of four weeks of aerobic exercise training combined with probiotic supplementation on mRNA levels of Nrf-2 and caspase-3 genes, superoxide dismutase (SOD), and serum total antioxidant capacity (TAC) in rats with type 2 diabetes. 40 male Wistar diabetic rats...

Author(s)
Maherinia, H.; Peeri, M.; Azarbayjani, M. A.; Delfan, M.
Publisher
Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen, Netherlands
Citation
Comparative Exercise Physiology, 2022, 18, 3, pp 255-263
Abstract

Constipation is a common condition that severely affects the quality of life of patients. There are several critical factors associated with normal intestinal motility, including the immune system, nervous system function,short-chain fatty acid content, and intestinal microbiota composition....

Author(s)
Xue ZhiPeng; Wang Zhe; Pan Deng; Wang JiaPeng; Xu Kang; Xu ZhenShang; Wang Ting
Publisher
Tianjin Food Research Institute Co. Ltd, Tianjin, China
Citation
Food Research and Development, 2022, 43, 12, pp 204-209
Abstract

The experiment aimed to investigate whether Lactobacillus paracasei TK1501 fermented soybean meal reduced the effects of streptozotocin (STZ) induced type 2 diabetes using a mouse model. SPF grade Kunming male rats (4-5 weeks of age) were randomly divided between four groups:a blank group, a model...

Author(s)
Tang Ming; Gao CongCong; Wang NingYu; Hu MeiMei; Han XueMei; Wang HaiKuan
Publisher
Tianjin Food Research Institute Co. Ltd, Tianjin, China
Citation
Food Research and Development, 2022, 43, 12, pp 61-70
Abstract

The present study investigated effects of the fermented goat milk (FGM) produced with a combination of Streptococcus salivarius subsp. thermophilus and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus (SL) and with another one of SL as well as Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis (SLB) on the internal ...

Author(s)
Ma HaoRui; Yu ZheZhe; Zhao Yu; Li LinQiang; Liu YongFeng; Liu YingLi
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Food Research International, 2022, 157,

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