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Clostridium botulinum are Gram-positive, catalase negative, strictly anaerobic spore-forming bacilli with oval to cylindrical, terminal to...

Abstract

Background and aims: Obesity is a complex and multifaceted condition. Thus, functional foods need investigation as novel adjunct treatments for obesity. The objective was to determine the effects of daily consumption of a fortified yogurt (FY) on weight loss in overweight and obese patients with...

Author(s)
Mohammadi-Sartang, M.; Bellissimo, N.; Zepetnek, J. O. T. de; Brett, N. R.; Mazloomi, S. M.; Fararouie, M.; Bedeltavana, A.; Famouri, M.; Mazloom, Z.
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, 2018, 28, 6, pp 565-574
Abstract

In this study, hot water, 0.9% NaCl, citric acid, and 1.25 M NaOH/0.05% NaBH4 were separately used for the extraction of water-soluble H. erinaceus polysaccharides (HEPs; HEP-W, HEP-S, HEP-C, and HEP-A) from the fruit body of Hericium erinaceus. The physicochemical properties and biological...

Author(s)
Yan JingKun; Ding ZhiChao; Gao XianLi; Wang YaoYao; Yang Yan; Wu Di; Zhang HeNan
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Carbohydrate Polymers, 2018, 193, pp 373-382
Abstract

We examined whether soybean (SB) and soy protein isolate (SPI) can prevent the betaine-induced elevation of plasma cholesterol as well as maintain the betaine-induced reduction of plasma Hcy concentration. Rats were fed casein-, SB-, or SPI-based diet with or without betaine; SPI-based diet with...

Author(s)
Shimada, R.; Ebihara, K.
Publisher
Taylor & Francis, Singapore, Singapore
Citation
Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry, 2018, 82, 4, pp 669-676
Abstract

Administration of alpha-glycerophosphocholine (GPC), a choline compound in food, is expected to contribute to human health. In this study, we evaluated its effect on aging in senescence-accelerated mouse prone 8 (SAMP8) mice. Male SAMP8 mice had free access to a commercial stock diet and drinking...

Author(s)
Matsubara, K.; Okuda, M.; Shibata, S.; Miyaki, S.; Ohkubo, T.; Izu, H.; Fujii, T.
Publisher
Taylor & Francis, Singapore, Singapore
Citation
Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry, 2018, 82, 4, pp 647-653
Abstract

Recent studies have revealed that various food components affect the immune response. These components act on various immune cells, and their effects are mediated through the intestinal immune system and, in some cases, the intestinal microbiota. In this review, we describe the immunomodulating...

Author(s)
Hachimura, S.; Totsuka, M.; Hosono, A.
Publisher
Taylor & Francis, Singapore, Singapore
Citation
Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry, 2018, 82, 4, pp 584-599
Abstract

Oxidative stress may cause a wide variety of free radical reactions to produce deleterious modifications in membranes, proteins, enzymes, and DNA. Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) generated by myeloperoxidase (MPO) can induce lipid peroxidation and also play an important role in the generation of...

Author(s)
Osawa, T.
Publisher
Taylor & Francis, Singapore, Singapore
Citation
Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry, 2018, 82, 4, pp 564-572
Abstract

Seaweeds present a promising option for inclusion in the human diet through supplementation in various food systems. Sea grapes (Caulerpa racemosa), a common tropical green seaweed, has immense nutritional potential. An attempt was made to utilize the health benefits of sea grapes in human diet via ...

Author(s)
Anuj Kumar; Elavarasan Krishnamoorthy; Devi, H. M.; Devananda Uchoi; Tejpal, C. S.; George Ninan; Zynudheen, A. A.
Publisher
Springer, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Journal of Applied Phycology, 2018, 30, 2, pp 1393-1403
Abstract

Spirulina (Arthrospira) is a cyanobacterium and an excellent source of natural compounds. The dried biomass can be applied in functional foods or in pharmaceutical products; however, its biochemical and physicochemical properties are affected by the drying operation. In this work, the drying effect ...

Author(s)
Larrosa, A. P. Q.; Camara, Á. S.; Pohndorf, R. S.; Rocha, S. F. da; Pinto, L. A. de A.
Publisher
Springer, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Citation
Journal of Applied Phycology, 2018, 30, 2, pp 1019-1029
Abstract

Proteomic studies were carried out in immature (3 week), adult (18 week) and aged (48 week) rats to understand the age dependent vulnerability to lindane induced neurodegeneration. 2-D and western blot analysis of protein extracts of hippocampus and substantia-nigra isolated from lindane treated...

Author(s)
Anubha Mudawal; Ankita Srivastava; Anshuman Singh; Jai Shankar; Sanjay Yadav; Manisha Mishra; Singh, P. K.; Khanna, V. K.; Devendra Parmar
Publisher
Elsevier Ltd, Oxford, UK
Citation
Food and Chemical Toxicology, 2018, 115, pp 499-510

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