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Physiology & Animal Models

Covering the physiological effects of nutrients and the physiology of taste, appetite, and digestion as well as nutrient metabolism and studies in animal models.

Latest content

Abstract

Adaptive immunity plays a critical role in IR and T2DM development; however, the biological mechanisms linking T cell costimulation and glucose metabolism have not been fully elucidated. In this study, we demonstrated that the costimulatory molecule OX40 controls T cell activation and IR...

Authors
Liu Bing; Yu HengChi; Sun GuangYong; Sun XiaoJing; Jin Hua; Zhang ChunPan; Shi Wen; Tian Dan; Liu Kai; Xu HuFeng; Li XinMin; Yin Jie; Hong Xu; Zhang Dong
Publisher
Springer
Publication
Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, 2017, 74, 20, pp 3827-3840
Abstract

Visual perception by photoreceptors relies on the interaction of incident photons from light with a derivative of vitamin A that is covalently linked to an opsin molecule located in a special subcellular structure, the photoreceptor outer segment. The photochemical reaction produced by the photon...

Authors
Léveillard, T.; Sahel, J. A.
Publisher
Springer
Publication
Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, 2017, 74, 20, pp 3649-3665
Event

3 - 6 June 2018 - Hong Kong

News Article

The increasingly popular fibre-rich "New Nordic Diet" might not work for everyone. Its success depends on the particular combination of bacteria in...

Date
September 2017
Authors
I. Hoskins
CAB ReviewFull Text

Tea polyphenols (catechins) have various reported properties that may benefit health and lower risk of non-communicable disease. However, their bioavailability is low. There is rapid metabolism and elimination of most absorbed catechins, and they do not accumulate beyond nanomolar amounts in...

Date
May 2017
Subjects
antihypertensive agents; bioavailability; cardiovascular agents; digestive disorders; epigallocatechin gallate; flavanols; food safety; green tea; guidelines; human diseases; intestinal absorption; iron; iron absorption; kidneys; liver; metabolism; nutrient drug interactions; oxidants; pharmacokinetics; polyphenols; reviews; tea; toxicity
Authors
Ho, C. K.; Choi SiuWai; Fung, M. S.; Benzie, I. F. F.
Miscellaneous

This review summarizes current scientific knowledge on the effects of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) on human health and vitamin D metabolism. Also, this review explains what is known about the plasma 25(OH)D levels needed for health and the relative contributions of sunlight and diet to vitamin D...

Publisher
Public Health England
Publication
Ultraviolet radiation, vitamin D and health: report of the independent Advisory Group on Non-ionising Radiation, 2017, pp 111 pp.
CABI Book Info
Cover for Nutrition and behavior: a multidisciplinary approach.

This book aims to provide scientific evidence and to promote further research and discussions on the association between nutrition and behaviour. Specific topics discussed in the 15 chapters of the book are as follows: (i) introduction; (ii) concepts and models in nutrition and behaviour; (iii)...

Authors
Worobey, J.; Tapper, B. J.; Kanarek, R.
ISBN
2015 CABI (H ISBN 9781780644448)
AbstractFull Text

The multivariate analysis methodology does not impose any constraints, as there is no assumption about the structure of the variance and covariance matrix of the errors, making it a plausible solution for the longitudinal data set. The objective of this work was to analyze, by the Mauchly test, if...

Authors
Ferreira, W. L.; Silva Junior, F. V. da; Moreira, J. M.; Gonzalez, G. G. H.; Bortolini, J.; Melo, A. F.
Publisher
Pubvet
Publication
PUBVET, 2017, 11, 9, pp 935-939

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