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CABI Book Chapter

Biocontrol of major grapevine diseases: leading research.

Book cover for Biocontrol of major grapevine diseases: leading research.

Description

This volume provides a holistic overview of the advances in the use of biological control agents (BCAs) and plant resistance inducers to reduce various phytopathogenic infections of grapevine. The ecology, mechanisms involved in protection and application methods of these BCAs and inducers are discussed in detail as applied to organic viticulture, integrated pest management (IPM) systems and diffe...

Chapter 9 (Page no: 98)

Endophytic fungi in asymptomatic Vitis vinifera L. and their effects on Plasmopara viticola.

During a multi-year study on the life cycle of Plasmopara viticola to assess the typical epidemiology of downy mildew on grapevine (Vitis vinifera) in west Sicily (Italy), several leaves on which the downy mildew had collapsed were found and observed in a vineyard located in Marsala, in Trapani Province. An antagonistic fungus was isolated from these leaves and named A20; through its morphology, it was identified as a hyphomycete belonging to the genus Acremonium. The antagonism of A20 against the asexual and sexual spores of P. viticola, as well as endophytic nature of the genus Acremonium in V. vinifera were confirmed by further studies which have been carried out over the past decade. In order to inform winegrowers about this new future possibility for the biological control of grapevine downy mildew, this chapter reports the results of investigations on the interaction between the endophytic fungus A20, the presence of endophytic fungi in the grapevine and downy mildew.

Other chapters from this book

Chapter: 1 (Page no: 1) Major biocontrol studies and measures against fungal and oomycete pathogens of grapevine. Author(s): Zanzotto, A. Morroni, M.
Chapter: 2 (Page no: 35) Grapevine endophytes and plant health: a culture-independent approach. Author(s): Yousaf, S. Anees, M. Campisano, A.
Chapter: 3 (Page no: 52) Ecology and function of grape-associated microorganisms with a special focus on biocontrol of Botrytis cinerea. Author(s): Cardinale, M. Berg, G.
Chapter: 4 (Page no: 64) Beneficial bacteria prime local and systemic immunity against Botrytis cinerea in grapevine. Author(s): Aziz, A. Verhagen, B. Villaume, S. Höfte, M. Baillieul, F. Clément, C. Trotel-Aziz, P.
Chapter: 5 (Page no: 70) Potential of two Bacillus antagonists for biocontrol of grey mould. Author(s): Ben-Maachia, S. Errakhi, R. Mathieu, F. Lebrihi, A.
Chapter: 6 (Page no: 76) Isolation and characterization of antibiotics produced by Streptomyces J-2 and their role in biocontrol of plant diseases, especially grey mould. Author(s): Errakhi, R. Bouteau, F. Barakate, M. Lebrihi, A.
Chapter: 7 (Page no: 84) Use of Saccharothrix algeriensis NRRL B-24137 to control Botrytis cinerea? Author(s): Muzammil, S. Saria, R. Yu, Z. Graillon, C. Mathieu, F. Lebrihi, A. Compant, S.
Chapter: 8 (Page no: 93) DOPE-FISH, a tool to visualize beneficial bacteria systemically controlling Botrytis cinerea? Author(s): Compant, S. Muzammil, S. Mathieu, F.
Chapter: 10 (Page no: 113) Enhancing the aggressiveness of the powdery mildew mycoparasite Ampelomyces quisqualis. Author(s): Angeli, D. Micheli, S. Maurhofer, M. Pertot, I.
Chapter: 11 (Page no: 117) Protection of grapevines by Pythium oligandrum strains isolated from Bordeaux vineyards against powdery mildew. Author(s): Gerbore, J. Bruez, E. Vallance, J. Grizard, D. Regnault-Roger, C. Rey, P.
Chapter: 12 (Page no: 125) Bioactive natural products for managing downy mildew disease in grapevine. Author(s): Islam, M. T.
Chapter: 13 (Page no: 150) Biological control of grape canker pathogens. Author(s): Costadone, L. Gubler, W. D.
Chapter: 14 (Page no: 160) Esquive® WP limits development of grapevine trunk diseases and safeguards the production potential of vineyards. Author(s): Mounier, E. Boulisset, F. Cortes, F. Cadiou, M. Dubournet, P. Pajot, E.
Chapter: 15 (Page no: 171) A model for biological control studies of grapevine trunk diseases under laboratory conditions. Author(s): Pierron, R. J. G. Pouzoulet, J. Meziane, A. Mailhac, N. Jacques, A.
Chapter: 16 (Page no: 182) Detection of bacterial endophytes in Vitis vinifera L. and antibiotic activity against grapevine fungal pathogens. Author(s): Piccolo, S. Lo Alfonzo, A. Burruano, S. Moschetti, G.
Chapter: 17 (Page no: 191) Impact of grapevine preharvest treatments with elicitor on the occurrence and toxigenesis of ochratoxigenic fungi. Author(s): Dachoupakan, C. Strub, C. Martinez, V. Baccou, J. C. Schorr-Galindo, S.
Chapter: 18 (Page no: 210) An experimental approach to understanding grapevine yellows associated with phytoplasma infections. Author(s): Brader, G. Compant, S. Gangl, H. Sessitsch, A.
Chapter: 19 (Page no: 215) Endophytic bacteria associated with grapevine plants: putative candidates for phytoplasma containment. Author(s): Bulgari, D. Casati, P. Quaglino, F. Bianco, P. A.

Chapter details

  • Author Affiliation
  • Department Scienze Agrarie e Forestali, University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze 4, 90128 Palermo, Italy.
  • Year of Publication
  • 2016
  • ISBN
  • 9781780647128
  • Record Number
  • 20163105584